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THE IRRAWADDY (Burma), HRW(USA), RADIO AUSTRALIA

Worldcrunch

RANGOON – A new report by NGO Human Rights Watch (HRW) published on Monday says there is evidence of government complicity in crimes against humanity and ethnic cleansing against Burma’s Rohingya Muslim ethnic minority.

Since June 2012, more than 220 people have died in sectarian fighting between Buddhists and Muslims in Burma, with most of deaths in Arakan State, in western Burma, where most of the country’s estimated 800,000 ethnic Rohingya live, reports The Irrawaddy.

More than 125,000 Rohingya people have been displaced since the fighting erupted last year.

The HRW 153-page report, “‘All You Can Do is Pray’: Crimes Against Humanity and Ethnic Cleansing of Rohingya Muslims in Burma’s Arakan State,” describes the role of the Burmese government in the ethnic violence, accusing officials, community leaders and Buddhist monks of organizing, encouraging and backing the ethnic Arakanese, who “coordinated attacks on Muslim neighborhoods and villages in October 2012 to terrorize and forcibly relocate the population.”

According to the report, government authorities destroyed mosques, conducted mass arrests and blocked humanitarian aid to displaced Rohingya people. HRW also said it had found four mass-grave sites in another state plagued by ethnic violence, Rakhine state.

Phil Robertson, Deputy Director of the Asia Division of Human Rights Watch, told Radio Australia the name of the report "All You Can do is Pray" was “actually something that a Burmese army soldier said to a Muslim who was pleading with him to protect their communities, they were being attacked by an Arkanese mob.”

The Burmese government is expected to publish its own findings on the ethnic violence on Tuesday, but the report has already been delayed four times.

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Map of Burma states. Wikimedia.

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Economy

In Uganda, Having A "Rolex" Is About Not Going Hungry

Experts fear the higher food prices resulting from the conflict in Ukraine could jeopardize the health of many Ugandans. Take a look at this ritzy-named simple dish.

Zziwa Fred, a street vendor who runs two fast-food businesses in central Uganda, rolls a freshly prepared chapati known as a Rolex.

Nakisanze Segawa

WAKISO — Godfrey Kizito takes a break from his busy shoe repair shop every day so he can enjoy his favorite snack, a vegetable and egg omelet rolled in a freshly prepared chapati known as a Rolex. But for the past few weeks, this daily ritual has given him neither the satisfaction nor the sustenance he is used to consuming. Kizito says this much-needed staple has shrunk in size.

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Most streets and markets in Uganda have at least one vendor firing up a hot plate ready to cook the Rolex, short for rolled eggs — which usually comes with tomatoes, cabbage and onion and is priced anywhere from 1,000 to 2,000 Ugandan shillings (28 to 57 cents). Street vendor Farouk Kiyaga says many of his customers share Kizito’s disappointment over the dwindling size of Uganda’s most popular street food, but Kiyaga is struggling with the rising cost of wheat and cooking oil.

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has halted exports out of the two countries, which account for about 26% of wheat exports globally and about 80% of the world’s exports of sunflower oil, pushing prices to an all-time high, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization, a United Nations agency. Not only oil and wheat are affected. Prices of the most consumed foods worldwide, such as meat, grains and dairy products, hit their highest levels ever in March, making a nutritious meal even harder to buy for those who already struggle to feed themselves and their families. The U.N. organization warns the conflict could lead to as many as 13.1 million more people going hungry between 2022 and 2026.

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