A R A B I C A ارابيكا
SYRIA, STATE OF SIEGE
*Al Jazeera broadcast footage from an empty Jisr al-Shughour. The camera rolls through deserted streets of the northern Syrian town, and then shows aerial footage of hundreds of people literally heading for the hills to escape a military encirclement. The network does not have a presence in the town, but is relying on video clips taken by Syrians on the ground.
*The opposition is calling for more protests Friday as Syria's Interior Ministry issued a direct warning to citizens not to participate "for their own safety." Here, an Abu Ghraib-style trophy video of Syrian soldiers kicking, stepping on, harrassing and humiliating men who are blindfolded, tied up and face down on the ground. Then the soldiers gather for a picture while standing on top of one of the men. "You're cooperating with Israel," says one of the soldiers while kicking a blindfolded man in the side.
*In this "citizen's report" posted by the Syrian Revolution Facebook group, a man interviews dozens of men, women and children who have fled Jisr al-Shughour. "They have left everything behind," the interviewer says, adding that they are outside the town and close to the Turkish border.
*Question to the group: "Why are you here?"
Answer: "We are under siege by the army, intelligence services and thugs," says one man. "And the thugs are wearing civilian clothes."
Answer: "No electricity, no water," says one woman.
Answer: "The hospitals are not open, and there is nowhere for the wounded to go. If they find someone wounded, they'll kill him," says the man. "There is no bread, no milk for babies."
Question: "Why is this happening to you, why is this happening to the Syrian people?"
Answer (in unison): "We're asking for freedom and dignity."
Under the clip, one commenter writes, "may God poison your soul, Bashar – you and your band of thugs."
A HEAVY PRICE
*A photograph is circulating of 19 caskets containing the bodies of Egyptians killed during the revolution, who have finally been identified. The killers "will pay a heavy price," writes the administrator of the "We are all Khalid Said" facebook group. "The death penalty for Mubarak," writes one commenter below the image.
June 9, 2011
photo credit: illustir
Once meant to protect the royal family, the century-old law has become a tool for the military-led government in Bangkok to stamp out all dissent. A new report outlines the abuses.
"We need to reform the institution of the monarchy in Thailand. It is the root of the problem." Those words, from Thai student activist Juthatip Sirikan, are a clear expression of the growing youth-led movement that is challenging the legitimacy of the government and demanding deep political changes in the Southeast Asian nation. Yet those very same words could also send Sirikan to jail.
Thailand's Criminal Code 'Lèse-Majesté' Article 112 imposes jail terms for defaming, insulting, or threatening the monarchy, with sentences of three to 15 years. This law has been present in Thai politics since 1908, though applied sparingly, only when direct verbal or written attacks against members of the royal family.
But after the May 2014 military coup d'état, Thailand experienced the first wave of lèse-majesté arrests, prosecutions, and detentions of at least 127 individuals arrested in a much wider interpretation of the law.
The recent report 'Second Wave: The Return of Lèse-Majesté in Thailand', documents how the Thai government has "used and abused Article 112 of the Criminal Code to target pro-democracy activists and protesters in relation to their online political expression and participation in peaceful pro-democracy demonstrations."
Criticism of any 'royal project'
The investigation shows 124 individuals, including at least eight minors, have been charged with lèse-majesté between November 2020 and August 2021. Nineteen of them served jail time. The new wave of charges is cited as a response to the rising pro-democracy protests across Thailand over the past year.
Juthatip Sirikan explains that the law is now being applied in such a broad way that people are not allowed to question government budgets and expenditure if they have any relationship with the royal family, which stifles criticism of the most basic government decision-making since there are an estimated 5,000 ongoing "royal" projects. "Article 112 of lèse-majesté could be the key (factor) in Thailand's political problems" the young activist argues.
In 2020 the Move Forward opposition party questioned royal spending paid by government departments, including nearly 3 billion baht (89,874,174 USD) from the Defense Ministry and Thai police for royal security, and 7 billion baht budgeted for royal development projects, as well as 38 planes and helicopters for the monarchy. Previously, on June 16, 2018, it was revealed that Thailand's Crown Property Bureau transferred its entire portfolio to the new King Maha Vajiralongkorn.
Protestors In Bangkok Call For Political Prisoner Release
Freedom of speech at stake
"Article 112 shuts down all freedom of speech in this country", says Sirikan. "Even the political parties fear to touch the subject, so it blocks most things. This country cannot move anywhere if we still have this law."
The student activist herself was charged with lèse-majesté in September 2020, after simply citing a list of public documents that refer to royal family expenditure. Sirikan comes from a family that has faced the consequences of decades of political repression. Her grandfather, Tiang Sirikhan was a journalist and politician who openly protested against Thailand's involvement in World War II. He was accused of being a Communist and abducted in 1952. According to Sirikhan's family, he was killed by the state.
The new report was conducted by The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), Thai Lawyer for Human Rights (TLHR), and Internet Law Reform Dialogue (iLaw). It accuses Thai authorities of an increasingly broad interpretation of Article 112, to the point of "absurdity," including charges against people for criticizing the government's COVID-19 vaccine management, wearing crop tops, insulting the previous monarch, or quoting a United Nations statement about Article 112.
Activist in front of democracy monument in Thailand.
Shift to social media
While in the past the Article was only used against people who spoke about the royals, it's now being used as an alibi for more general political repression — which has also spurred more open campaigning to abolish it. Sirikan recounts recent cases of police charging people for spreading paint near the picture of the king during a protest, or even just for having a picture of the king as phone wallpaper.
The more than a century-old law is now largely playing out online, where much of today's protest takes place in Thailand. Sirikan says people are willing to go further on social media to expose information such as how the king intervenes in politics and the monarchy's accumulation of wealth, information the mainstream media rarely reports on them.
Not surprisingly, however, social media is heavily monitored and the military is involved in Intelligence operations and cyber attacks against human rights defenders and critics of any kind. In October 2020, Twitter took down 926 accounts, linked to the army and the government, which promoted themselves and attacked political opposition, and this June, Google removed two Maps with pictures, names, and addresses, of more than 400 people who were accused of insulting the Thai monarchy. "They are trying to control the internet as well," Sirikan says. "They are trying to censor every content that they find a threat".
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