A R A B I C A ارابيكا
ANATOMY OF A RUMOR
*Bahraini newspaper Al-Wast and other Arabic outlets have published purported comments by the brother of the African maid allegedly assaulted by IMF chief Dominique Strauss-Kahn is a devout, veiled Muslim. "She is a committed Muslim and wears the veil," the woman's brother is quoted as supposedly saying to French daily Le Parisien. Commenters wrote that Strauss-Kahn will be judged harshly by God for his sins, and offered rare praise for the United States as "a democracy that does not discriminate." But the Le Parisien article in question makes no mention of the woman being either Muslim or veiled. Her brother is simply quoted as saying that her lawyer is speaking for her in the media.
SUPRESSION OF A STRIKE
*Calls for a general strike on Wednesday in Syria went mostly unheeded, as activists told wire agencies that the government's military and intimidation campaign is working. Still, snippets of protest footage is leaking out and being posted online. Here, several hundred people march through the covered market of Homs shouting slogans such as "leave, leave, leave" directed at President Bashar al-Assad and "the people want the regime to fall." A small protest in the Kurdish town of Qamshili is here, and a nighttime march in Aleppo is here.
APOLOGY ATTEMPT #1
*As the body count in Syria approaches 900, according to activists on the ground, and the military siege continues in several Syrian cities, the privately owned Al-Watn newspaper quotes someone who quotes the Syrian president as saying that mistakes have been made by security forces during the two-month uprising.
*The paper praised Assad for "accepting all opinions with an open mind" during a meeting with a 12-member delegation of youth and business leaders from the Meedan district of Damascus. "A member of the meeting, Amr al-Sirwan, said that the meeting was very good and that during it, a wide range of topics was discussed candidly." Al-Sirwan goes on to cite Assad, who "assured the delegation that remedies will be found and will focus on what citizens really want, but within a studied, scientific, correct framework that focuses on studying reality and the source of the problem in order to treat its causes."
APOLOGY ATTEMPT #2
This cartoon published on the "We are all Khalid Said" Facebook page shows former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak standing on a pile of bullet-ridden bodies and saying, "I'm sorry." The writing on the side of the cartoon reads, "The former president asks for a ‘pardon."" The cartoon refers to reports in the Egyptian press that Mubarak is preparing a letter to ask the ruling military leadership for a full pardon. "No pardon – we want our rights," writes Salma Hagazy under the cartoon.
May 18, 2011
photo credit: illustir
Long perceived as a country chasing Western tech, China's business and technological innovations are now influencing the rest of the world. Still lagging on some fronts, the future is now up for grabs.
BEIJING — China's tech tycoons have fallen out of favor: Jack Ma (Alibaba), Colin Huang (Pinduoduo), Richard Liu (Tencent) and Zhang Yiming (ByteDance) have all been pressured by Beijing to leave their jobs or step back from a public role. Their time may be coming to an end, but the legacy remains exceptional. Under their reign, China has become a veritable window to the global future of technology.
TikTok is the perfect example. Launched in 2016, the video messaging app has been downloaded over two billion times worldwide. It has passed the 100-million active user mark in the United States. Thanks to TikTok's success, ByteDance, its parent company, has reached an exceptional level of influence on the internet.
For a long time, the West viewed China's digital ecosystem as a cheap imitation of Silicon Valley. The European and American media described the giants of the Asian superpower as the "Chinese Google" or "Chinese Amazon." But the tables have turned.
No Western equivalent to WeChat
The Asian superpower has forged cutting-edge business models that do not exist elsewhere. It is impossible to find a Western equivalent to the WeChat super-app (1.2 billion users), which is used for shopping as much as for making a medical appointment or obtaining credit.
The flow of innovation is now changing direction.
The roles have actually reversed: In a recent article, Les Echos describes the California-based social network IRL, as a "WeChat of the Western world."
Grégory Boutté, digital and customer relations director at the multinational luxury group Kering, explains, "The Chinese digital ecosystem is incredibly different, and its speed of evolution is impressive. Above all, the flow of innovation is now changing direction."
This is illustrated by the recent creation of "live shopping" events in France, which are hosted by celebrities and taken from a concept already popular in China.
10,000 new startups per day
There is an explosion of this phenomenon in the digital sphere. Rachel Daydou, Partner & China General Manager of the consulting firm Fabernovel in Shanghai, says, "With Libra, Facebook is trying to create a financial entity based on social media, just as WeChat did with WeChat Pay. Facebook Shop looks suspiciously like WeChat's mini-programs. Amazon Live is inspired by Taobao Live and YouTube Shopping by Douyin, the Chinese equivalent of TikTok."
In China, it is possible to go to fully robotized restaurants or to give a panhandler some change via mobile payment. Your wallet is destined to be obsolete because your phone can read restaurant menus and pay for your meal via a QR Code.
The country uses shared mobile chargers the way Europeans use bicycles, and is already testing electric car battery swap stations to avoid 30 minutes of recharging time.
Michael David, chief omnichannel director at LVMH, says, "The Chinese ecosystem is permanently bubbling with innovation. About 10,000 start-ups are created every day in the country."
China is also the most advanced country in the electric car market. With 370 models at the end of 2020, it had an offering that was almost twice as large as Europe's, according to the International Energy Agency.
China's super-app WeChat
The whole market runs on tech
Luca de Meo, CEO of French automaker Renault, said in June that China is "ahead of Europe in many areas, whether it's electric cars, connectivity or autonomous driving. You have to be there to know what's going on."
As a market, China is also a source of technological inspiration for Western companies, a world leader in e-commerce, solar, mobile payments, digital currency and facial recognition. It has the largest 5G network, with more than one million antennas up and running, compared to 400,000 in Europe.
Self-driving cars offer an interesting point of divergence between China and the West.
Just take the number of connected devices (1.1 billion), the time spent on mobile (six hours per day) and, above all, the magnitude of data collected to deploy and improve artificial intelligence algorithms faster than in Europe or the United States.
The groundbreaking field of self-driving cars offers an interesting point of divergence between China and the West. Artificial intelligence guru Kai-Fu Lee explains that China believes that we should teach the highway to speak to the car, imagining new services and rethinking cities to avoid cars crossing pedestrians, while the West does not intend to go that far.
Still lagging in some key sectors
There are areas where China is still struggling, such as semiconductors. Despite a production increase of nearly 50% per year, the country produces less than 40% of the chips it consumes, according to official data. This dependence threatens its ambitions in artificial intelligence, telecoms and autonomous vehicles. Chinese manufacturers work with an engraving fineness of 28 nm or more, far from those of Intel, Samsung or TSMC. They are unable to produce processors for high-performance PCs.
China's aerospace industry is also lagging behind the West. There are also no Chinese players among the top 20 life science companies on the stock market and there are doubts surrounding the efficacy of Sinovac and Sinopharm's COVID-19 vaccines. As of 2019, the country files more patents per year than the U.S., but far fewer are converted into marketable products.
Beijing knows its weaknesses and is working to eliminate them. Adopted in March, the nation's 14th five-year plan calls for a 7% annual increase in R&D spending between now and 2025, compared with 12% under the previous plan. Big data aside, that is basic math anyone can understand.
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