A R A B I C A ارابيكا
By Kristen Gillespie
ALL NEWS IS GLOBAL
*Outrage spread (digitally) around the world, as people woke up to the news of the early-morning attack on Pearl Aquare in Manama, the capital of Bahrain. Sleeping protesters awoke to the scent of tear gas and armed riot police forming a human chain to sweep the square clear of thousands of protesters. One amateur video captures the chaos. Despite the heavy-handed tactics, a public funeral, now banned by law, is planned tomorrow for the "martyrs' killed in the protests.
*Jordan's leading daily newspaper, Al Rai, led with a photo of King Abdullah talking with Catherine Ashton, Europe's foreign policy chief. The state-run paper reported that the two leaders "discussed regional events and relations between Jordan and the European Union and ways to enhance them." Such phraseology is stock language in Arab state newspapers, and usually the extent of "coverage".
*To get a sense what Jordanians—and others in the region – are used to reading every day, here is some other typical verbiage from the same edition of Al Rai: "His Majesty King Abdullah II on Sunday received a telephone call from his brother the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz, King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during which they discussed ties between the two countries and ways of enhancing them, in addition to developments in the region. The King and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, reinforcing the deep relations between the two countries, expressed their keenness to strengthen and build upon the common interests of the two brotherly peoples."
*In Libya, six people were reportedly killed in the eastern city of Benghazi during clashes between authorities and protesters. Lawyers there also held a demonstration, demanding a constitution.
The day before the protests started Tuesday in Benghazi, The Brother Leader of the Revolution, Col. Muammar Gaddafi, gave a live interview to a Tunisian station in which he weighed in on the Internet and social media. (The translation may not be exact because the Leader's Arabic is choppy, fast and difficult to understand, even for native speakers)
"Everything is published on Cliniclix (NOTE: he appears to be referring to Wikileaks). Facebook, book face, YouTube, TubeWhoever – all these tools they use to make us look like idiots. Someone is sitting somewhere like France, or something like that, getting paid by American, French and Israeli intelligence to send messages to people in Libya, Tunisia and Egypt. Some guy is lying on a bed, watching his kids playing and sending messages to people using this thing, what is it – the Internet. He's sending messages day and night telling people to go out on the street, to go out at night, and burn these places. And he's sitting there in France. In Nice."
THE LAST WORD
From Egypt: @Shokeir says, "What kind of revolution is it when our brothers and sisters are being arrested and Mubarak sits in Sharm al-Sheikh eating Swiss chocolates? Release our prisoners immediately."
Feb. 17, 2011
photo credit: illustir
Once meant to protect the royal family, the century-old law has become a tool for the military-led government in Bangkok to stamp out all dissent. A new report outlines the abuses.
"We need to reform the institution of the monarchy in Thailand. It is the root of the problem." Those words, from Thai student activist Juthatip Sirikan, are a clear expression of the growing youth-led movement that is challenging the legitimacy of the government and demanding deep political changes in the Southeast Asian nation. Yet those very same words could also send Sirikan to jail.
Thailand's Criminal Code 'Lèse-Majesté' Article 112 imposes jail terms for defaming, insulting, or threatening the monarchy, with sentences of three to 15 years. This law has been present in Thai politics since 1908, though applied sparingly, only when direct verbal or written attacks against members of the royal family.
But after the May 2014 military coup d'état, Thailand experienced the first wave of lèse-majesté arrests, prosecutions, and detentions of at least 127 individuals arrested in a much wider interpretation of the law.
The recent report 'Second Wave: The Return of Lèse-Majesté in Thailand', documents how the Thai government has "used and abused Article 112 of the Criminal Code to target pro-democracy activists and protesters in relation to their online political expression and participation in peaceful pro-democracy demonstrations."
Criticism of any 'royal project'
The investigation shows 124 individuals, including at least eight minors, have been charged with lèse-majesté between November 2020 and August 2021. Nineteen of them served jail time. The new wave of charges is cited as a response to the rising pro-democracy protests across Thailand over the past year.
Juthatip Sirikan explains that the law is now being applied in such a broad way that people are not allowed to question government budgets and expenditure if they have any relationship with the royal family, which stifles criticism of the most basic government decision-making since there are an estimated 5,000 ongoing "royal" projects. "Article 112 of lèse-majesté could be the key (factor) in Thailand's political problems" the young activist argues.
In 2020 the Move Forward opposition party questioned royal spending paid by government departments, including nearly 3 billion baht (89,874,174 USD) from the Defense Ministry and Thai police for royal security, and 7 billion baht budgeted for royal development projects, as well as 38 planes and helicopters for the monarchy. Previously, on June 16, 2018, it was revealed that Thailand's Crown Property Bureau transferred its entire portfolio to the new King Maha Vajiralongkorn.
Protestors In Bangkok Call For Political Prisoner Release
Freedom of speech at stake
"Article 112 shuts down all freedom of speech in this country", says Sirikan. "Even the political parties fear to touch the subject, so it blocks most things. This country cannot move anywhere if we still have this law."
The student activist herself was charged with lèse-majesté in September 2020, after simply citing a list of public documents that refer to royal family expenditure. Sirikan comes from a family that has faced the consequences of decades of political repression. Her grandfather, Tiang Sirikhan was a journalist and politician who openly protested against Thailand's involvement in World War II. He was accused of being a Communist and abducted in 1952. According to Sirikhan's family, he was killed by the state.
The new report was conducted by The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), Thai Lawyer for Human Rights (TLHR), and Internet Law Reform Dialogue (iLaw). It accuses Thai authorities of an increasingly broad interpretation of Article 112, to the point of "absurdity," including charges against people for criticizing the government's COVID-19 vaccine management, wearing crop tops, insulting the previous monarch, or quoting a United Nations statement about Article 112.
Juthatip Sirikan speaks in front of democracy monument.
Shift to social media
While in the past the Article was only used against people who spoke about the royals, it's now being used as an alibi for more general political repression — which has also spurred more open campaigning to abolish it. Sirikan recounts recent cases of police charging people for spreading paint near the picture of the king during a protest, or even just for having a picture of the king as phone wallpaper.
The more than a century-old law is now largely playing out online, where much of today's protest takes place in Thailand. Sirikan says people are willing to go further on social media to expose information such as how the king intervenes in politics and the monarchy's accumulation of wealth, information the mainstream media rarely reports on them.
Not surprisingly, however, social media is heavily monitored and the military is involved in Intelligence operations and cyber attacks against human rights defenders and critics of any kind. In October 2020, Twitter took down 926 accounts, linked to the army and the government, which promoted themselves and attacked political opposition, and this June, Google removed two Maps with pictures, names, and addresses, of more than 400 people who were accused of insulting the Thai monarchy. "They are trying to control the internet as well," Sirikan says. "They are trying to censor every content that they find a threat".
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