BERLIN â€" Organized crime syndicates have long smuggled drugs and cigarettes. Their distribution strategy is so effective that police around the world have a hard time tracing the channels that allow their products to reach the black market. But could these crimes also be funding terrorism?
Members of what is believed to be a criminal gang are facing trial in the German city of Potsdam. They are suspected of bribing customs officers with suitcases stuffed with cash at European Union border checkpoints. They are accused of then transferring goods between trucks at night somewhere in the municipality of Paulinenaue. The German government says it has lost taxes worth 60 million euros.
The German court has been analyzing the evidence of this case for more than a year now. The verdict will be declared later this month. Trials against suspected members of organized crime take a lot of time to adjudicate. Just the tapping of phones alone takes months to set up and analyze.
How does organized crime work nowadays? And how is it linked to terrorism?
Criminal lawyer Arndt Sinn recently published a study â€œOrganized Crime 3.0â€ that addresses these questions. Sinn founded the Centre for European and International Penal Law Studies, known by the acronym ZEIS, and has been researching organized crime for years.
Organized crime, by definition, involves at least three people who are well-organized to commit felonies in order to maximize profits.
â€œBut we are not talking about Sicilian Mafia godfathers of crime or Disneyâ€™s Beagle Boys, who stole a lollipop or two. Some of these individuals are actually quite dangerous and get together to commit serious crimes through chatrooms and Darknet,â€ says Sinn.
On Darknet, a part of the web where itâ€™s hard to locate users, a person can shop for any criminal service. â€œThere are experts for anything and everything. We say itâ€™s a â€˜crime as a service.â€™ But the trouble law enforcement faces is that these hybrid groups of criminals are very difficult to catch. The investigation into these groups, by nature, has to be incredibly extensive.â€
For these criminals, cigarettes and medical drugs are the most lucrative goods to smuggle as they yield staggering profits. â€œOne person takes care of procuring the goods while the next bribes the customs and border guards at EU borders, while the third person is responsible for the bookkeeping,â€ says Sinn. â€œThese people are not stupid and they usually go their separate ways after a successful project has been completed.â€
Germany is being flooded by so-called â€œillicit whitesâ€ â€" cigarettes that were legally produced in Belarus, China, Russia and Dubai and are then smuggled to Germany â€œon coal trains, inside furniture or barges,â€ says an undercover investigator.
But European police forces are not enough tackle this problem. The tobacco industry has taken steps to track-and-trace their products more carefully seeing as they are aware that their products might be funding terrorism. Terrorism experts Louise Shelley and Peter Neumann found that the terrorists behind the Paris attacks were financed through cigarette smuggling. â€œThe risk of being discovered is relatively low. But law enforcement agencies should really pay more attention to seemingly petty crime,â€ says Shelley.
But thatâ€™s not enough, says Sinn. He believes that organized crime functions as the â€œbubbling fountainâ€ of money. â€œTo dry this fountain, national as well as international law enforcement agencies will have to work even more closely with one another and create a network that will focus on the areas where organized crime and terrorism intersect. It seems that even the interior ministry is finally reaching that conclusion very, very slowly.â€
A court in Spain usurps custody of the one-year-old boy living with his mother in the "deep" part of the Galicia region, forced to instead live with his father in the southern city of Marbella, which the judge says is "cosmopolitan" with good schools and medical care. Women's rights groups have taken up the mother's case.
A Spanish court has ordered the withdrawal of a mother's custody of her one-year-old boy because she is living in the countryside in northwestern Spain, where the judge says the child won't have "opportunities for the proper development of his personality."
The case, reported Monday in La Voz de Galicia, has sparked outrage from a women's rights association but has also set off reactions from politicians of different stripes across the province of Galicia, defending the values of rural life.
Judge María Belén Ureña Carazo, of the family court of Marbella, a city on the southern coast of 141,000 people, has ordered the toddler to stay with father who lives in the city rather than with his mother because she was living in "deep Galicia" where the child would lack opportunities to "grow up in a happy environment."
Front page of La Voz de Galicia - October 25, 2021
Front page of La Voz de Galicia - Monday 25 October, 2021
Better in a "cosmopolitan" city?
The judge said Marbella, where the father lives, was a "cosmopolitan city" with "a good hospital" as well as "all kinds of schools" and thus provided a better environment for the child to thrive.
The mother has submitted a formal complaint to the General Council of the Judiciary that the family court magistrate had acted with "absolute contempt," her lawyer told La Voz de Galicia.
The mother quickly accumulated support from local politicians and civic organizations. The Clara Campoamor association described the judge's arguments as offensive, intolerable and typical of "an ignorant person who has not traveled much."
The Xunta de Galicia, the regional government, has addressed the case, saying that any place in Galicia meets the conditions to educate a minor. The Socialist party politician Pablo Arangüena tweeted that "it would not hurt part of the judiciary to spend a summer in Galicia."
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