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Sophia Brown

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A tailoring class at the Kakuma refugee camp
Migrant Lives

In Kenya, A Refugee Camp With 2,100 Small Businesses

From individual artisans to prosperous wholesalers, this isolated place has developed a vibrant economy despite numerous obstacles.

KAKUMA — When she was a millinery student at the University of Goma, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Esperance Tabisha didn't think for a second that she would be practicing her trade in a refugee camp. Eight years later, the young Congolese woman works at Kakuma, a refugee camp near where the border of Kenya meets Uganda and South Sudan.

Fleeing the conflict that ravaged her region of North Kivu, she arrived alone at the refugee camp in 2010. A "Congolese mom" quickly took her under her wing.

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Man uses technology presented at CyberTech conference in Silicon Wadi

Why Israel Is Letting Its Tech Startups Go

The Silicon Wadi, as Israel's tech sector is known, has a penchant for creating innovative new companies. But rather than grow to maturity, they're often sold off early to larger, foreign firms.

TEL AVIV — "Who will be the next Waze?" Israeli newspapers asked in 2013 as soon as the startup, founded just five years earlier in a Tel Aviv suburb, was sold to Google for $1 billion. "Who will be the next Mobileye?" they asked four years later, when the vehicular anti-collision software, developed in Jerusalem starting in 1999, was sold for $15 billion to Intel, another U.S. giant.

Announced some years apart, these two "mega-deals' were relayed by the media and public officials in this nation of 8 million people as cause for national celebration, and as further proof that in Israel, there's nothing taboo about selling startups to foreign companies.

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On the narrow stairs in the Paris metro.

Boston T Line To Paris Metro: When Public Transport Fails The Disabled

PARIS — Soon after arriving in Boston for my university studies, I began to notice people in wheelchairs and others with physical disabilities struggling to use the city's public transportation system. It's been almost two months since coming to Paris, and I have not seen a single person in a wheelchair use the city's legendary metro.

As anyone who has visited Paris will have noticed, not all metro experiences are created equal. That is part of the charm, with different station designs and train models. But the price for any lack of modernity is paid above all by the disabled. The oldest lines tend to be the least wheelchair-friendly, and it is only the newest line which can claim full accessibility to both trains and stations. But now, in the lead up to the 2024 Summer Olympics and Paralympics, this may begin to change.

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At the Paris Pride Parade on June 30

Bisexual? Pansexual? The Non-Binary Caught In Between

People who have romantic relationships with both men and women are often the target of prejudice and discrimination — from all sides.

PARIS — Men, women, heterosexuals, gays, lesbians. Forget all of those "old" categories. Last month, the results of a national survey in France of biphobia and panphobia — discrimination faced by those who identify as bisexual or pansexual — turned some heads.

If the term "biphobia" is not yet widely accepted, it is because of a paradox. While those who identify as lesbian or gay live more and more openly, and those who identify as transgender have obtained the beginnings of acceptance, those who identify as bisexual – those who are attracted to people of more than one gender – remain largely invisible. The term "pansexual" has even less standing. Used by a few figures in the entertainment world, it is increasingly preferred by the younger generation instead of "bisexual" because it allows for more fluid identification. This is how Jacquie (everyone requested at least partial anonymity), a blue-haired 19-year-old, explained the difference: "The word ‘bisexual" no longer corresponds to the perception certain people have," Jacquie said. "To be pansexual is to say you could be attracted to someone no matter their gender."

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Watch: OneShot — Hello Dolly!

Watch: OneShot — Hello Dolly!

Can a clone have a birthday? Well, let's just say that Dolly the sheep was delivered 22 years ago on July 5 — the world's first cloned mammal to see the light of day.

The result of a successful cloning experiment at The Roslin Institute in Scotland, the wooly work of science sparked public outcry back in 1996, eventually leading to an extension of the ban against embryo research in the United States.

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Big corporations are more and more turning to philosophy majors to fill their ranks (photo illustration)

Why Philosophers Are Hot Profiles On Corporate Job Market

With technology rapidly advancing, what may set human workers apart is their ability to reason as much as their technical skills.

PARIS — The return of humanities to the business world is becoming more and more visible. With technical jobs being replaced by robots, the quest for meaning in an increasingly complex society is boosting the importance of intellectual professions.

When I was a philosophy student at the beginning of the 21st century, our professors were honest enough to tell us that all the nights we spent analyzing Hegel would not get us very far outside of the world of academia. At the start of the semester at École Normale Supérieure, among the most selective and elite research schools in France, the dean of the humanities department gave a very clear speech: "If you want money, go study science. If you want power, study business. Here, you will be poor, and you will devote yourself to the progress of thought."

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Donald Trump preaching his policies to the masses

What Donald Gets Wrong About Deal-Making On Diplomacy Front

The U.S. president talks lots about the 'art of the deal.' But when it comes to diplomatic negotiations, his liar's-poker tactics are seriously misplaced.


PARIS — Some years ago, in Beijing, one of my Chinese friends told me this: "You Westerners are very good at chess, but we Asians are masters at Go. In the long term, this gives us the advantage."

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