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Maya

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Nurses will save France's healthcare system
LES ECHOS

Canada v. France: Rethinking Role Of Nurses To Meet Healthcare Needs

To meet its current healthcare needs, France looks to the Canadian provinces of Ontario and Quebec which are giving more autonomy to nurses rather than boost the number of doctors.

-OpEd-

PARIS — After Ontario, the Canadian province of Quebec has also moved to give specialized nurse practitioners the authority to make autonomous diagnoses and practice certain kinds of therapeutic, even high-risk interventions.

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The idea behind the startup project breaks with the administration's very hierarchical tradition
LES ECHOS

Can State-Run Startups Help Modernize French Bureaucracy?

In putting into use fast-moving ways of startups, the state looks to improve quality of public services. A hundred or so state-sponsored startups have already been launched with the hope of contributing to the modernization of the administration.

PARIS — On the fifth floor of 20 Ségur Avenue, Paris, there is a ritual that takes place every Wednesday at noon: Some 30 young people get together for a "stand-up," like they call it in tech jargon. Each person has a minute to share his or her achievements, problems, and find advice in the hope to make headway with his or her project.

This week we learn that the government's use of Zam, an application that facilitates the management of parliamentary debate, will be encouraged by an internal message from the prime minister, and that "E-Contrôle," an application for the Court of Auditors that simplifies document exchanges during audits, is of interest to the Agency for General Inspection and Social Affairs (IGAS).

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Buzz Aldrin making headlines
Future

Extra! How The World Press Reported Moon Landing 50 Years Ago

A half-century later, Neil Armstrong's 'great leap' still boggles the mind. Here's a look back at some of the headlines that followed the historic feat.

PARIS — The date was July 20, 1969, the clock read 10:56 p.m. on the East Coast of the United States, as much of the world tuned in by radio or television to follow NASA astronaut Neil Armstrong take that historic-making first step on the moon.

On the 50th anniversary of that historic landing, we look back at how the event was covered in the press. In a time before smartphones and the internet, people all over the world were united by the experience of watching or listening to Armstrong's "giant leap" — or reading about it just afterwards in the press.

As those first steps were broadcasted live, newspapers began reporting one of the most momentous events in human history. By the following morning, a Monday, headlines in papers from Mexico, to Bulgaria, to South Africa proclaimed Apollo 11's improbable accomplishment.

Below is a collection front pages (and a few magazine covers) from around the world announcing nothing less than the dawn of a new era.

THE UNITED STATES

The New York Times

The Miami News

The Daily Tribune

Chicago Tribune

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Workers of Rome funeral parlors protesting against the situation in Roman cemeteries, April 2021, Italy.
LES ECHOS

Making Space In The Classroom For Artificial Intelligence

-OpEd-

PARIS We live in a society that changes rapidly, and we wish for schools that reassure us. Schools that are forward-looking, perhaps. Even our schools in the Third Republic that we refer to so often were anything but retrograde. On the contrary! The school believed in the ability of its Black Hussars — school teachers in the early 20th century, dubbed so because of their long black coats — to not only raise national spirits of their pupils, but also to give their students the skills for their times and instruments for the future. It would be difficult to pretend that the novels by Jules Verne that accompanied this period breathe skepticism and contempt for scientific and technological progress!

Now, we also hear much about reforming our Republic. We can only do so by embracing new knowledge and understanding. Among these elements, the most important one carries an ambiguous name: Artificial Intelligence (AI), which has an adjective that can frighten us.​

While we wait for a better name to come up, AI remains, and we have to take advantage of it. AI fascinates and scares us at the same time because we know that it has the ability to affect our ways of living, working, consuming and learning.

Make the science of our times intelligible for our students.

It's exactly for this reason that we must do exactly what the Black Hussars did: Take the science of our times to make it intelligible for our students. Our answer to all major challenges created by major changes in the past (agricultural revolution, industrial revolution, the invention of electricity, etc) has always been, in principle, simple: education.

But the changes created by AI are so rapid that our educational system and programs have not yet adjusted to absorb the kinds of transformation that AI will bring.

It's why, at the time when the law to ‘bring trust back into schools' was being discussed in parliament, we called for AI to be put at the service of students and teachers in schools.

5th grade pupil using a smartboard — Photo: ​Daniel Reinhardt/ZUMA

AI benefits teachers significantly by automating the teaching of the most basic lessons and thus alleviating some of the most tedious aspects of their job. It is also useful for students because it allows to better adapt the contents and process of learning to their needs.

Should we teach AI? At our foundation, "AI for School," we believe that artificial intelligence and computer programing must be taught and learned like French, maths or foreign languages.

Prepare the citizens of tomorrow in a world that will be theirs.

Make no mistake: The goal of teaching AI or coding is not to make our children become programmers or coders, just like teaching electricity in the old days was not to make all of our kids electricians or engineers. It is to prepare the citizens of tomorrow in a world that will be theirs and will, as we know, integrate AI in everyday life.

To achieve this mission, schools must facilitate collective action, like they have already done in multiple domains. It therefore seems urgent to introduce pedagogical innovation involving all the actors involved in AI and national Education, the expertise of engineers, local communities, businesses... It is important to promote the emergence of local educational ecosystems and paying special attention to priority areas. Using AI is also, very simply, a means to better teaching and learning. And it is only when we put ourselves ahead of the challenges of tomorrow that we will become the true heirs of our founding fathers.

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 “You can see the computer age everywhere but in the productivity statistics...'
Economy

Why The Digital Revolution Hasn't Boosted Productivity

Information technology was supposed to make everything move faster. We need to rethink the way we use our digital tools to serve our real needs.

PARIS — Is that technology's fault? New technology is supposed to bring immense progress. In particular, production is supposed to become more efficient, even to the point of killing job opportunities. But in reality, we see the opposite. Europe's work productivity increased less than one percent in the last two decades, and is just starting to accelerate in the United States. On both sides of the Atlantic, companies struggle to recruit employees. On top of this, the big Internet companies are being called into question.

This productivity paradox isn't new. In criticizing a book on the future and state of industry, the Nobel laureate economist Robert Solow wrote in 1987 that "You can see the computer age everywhere but in the productivity statistics." Since then, the mystery has thickened further. Economists assert that the easy gains in productivity are already behind us, but others will come, and some that are here but are invisible because of poor statistics. Is it enough just to visit an office to understand what's happening?

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There's no turning back
LES ECHOS

Growth Or Bust: A Brief Plea In Favor Of Progress

The trend of what the French dubbed décroissance (degrowth) overlooks how progress and technology are bound to improve our lives.

-Analysis-

PARIS — It's a well-known rule: In the market, if you lower the price by around a third, you will generally double the rate of sales. This has to do with what we call constant elasticity, a concept that all of us in developed countries should master to understand the world we live in today.

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