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This Happened

This Happened — July 11: Srebrenica Massacre

The Srebrenica massacre happened on this day in 1995 during the Bosnian War. Bosnian Serb forces, led by General Ratko Mladić, captured the town of Srebrenica, which was designated as a United Nations Safe Area. Bosnian Serb troops then systematically killed more than 8,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and boys in an act of ethnic cleansing.

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What led to the Srebrenica massacre?

The Srebrenica massacre was a culmination of the ethnic tensions and conflicts that arose during the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. The Bosnian War (1992-1995) pitted Bosnian Serbs, Bosniaks, and Croats against each other in a complex web of ethnic and territorial disputes. Srebrenica, located in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, was an area of strategic importance for the Bosnian Serbs, who aimed to create an ethnically pure Serbian state. The Bosniak population in Srebrenica was seen as an obstacle to this goal.

How has the Srebrenica massacre impacted the region and international relations?

The Srebrenica massacre served as a stark reminder of the brutality and human rights abuses committed during the Bosnian War. The genocide contributed to a significant shift in public opinion and prompted increased international intervention to prevent such atrocities in the future. It also highlighted the need for accountability and justice for war crimes. The massacre continues to shape political dynamics and reconciliation efforts in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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Xizang Revisited: Behind China's Shadow Campaign To Rename Tibet

The use of "Xizang" instead of "Tibet" by Chinese officials is supported by some nationalists, but viewed by Tibetans, including those affiliated with the Dalai Lama, as veritable erasure of identity.

 Tibetan specialties are being sold via livestreaming at the 5th China Xizang Tourism and Culture Expo in Lhasa, capital of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region

Tibetan specialties are being sold via livestreaming at the 5th China Xizang Tourism and Culture Expo in Lhasa, capital of southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region.

Ba Li

In early October, a message was widely circulated on Chinese social media, suggesting that the name of Tibet in English would be changed to "Xizang."

The source was the China Tibet "Himalayan Rim" International Cooperation Forum, held in Linzhi, Tibet, from Oct. 4-6. The forum was co-hosted by the People's Government of the Tibet Autonomous Region and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, and attended by representatives of more than 40 countries, regions, and international organizations, who held in-depth discussions on ecological and environmental protection, development cooperation, and other issues. The event used the Mandarin Chinese pinyin "Xizang" instead of "Tibet."

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