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This Happened

This Happened — July 11: Srebrenica Massacre

The Srebrenica massacre happened on this day in 1995 during the Bosnian War. Bosnian Serb forces, led by General Ratko Mladić, captured the town of Srebrenica, which was designated as a United Nations Safe Area. Bosnian Serb troops then systematically killed more than 8,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and boys in an act of ethnic cleansing.

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What led to the Srebrenica massacre?

The Srebrenica massacre was a culmination of the ethnic tensions and conflicts that arose during the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s. The Bosnian War (1992-1995) pitted Bosnian Serbs, Bosniaks, and Croats against each other in a complex web of ethnic and territorial disputes. Srebrenica, located in eastern Bosnia and Herzegovina, was an area of strategic importance for the Bosnian Serbs, who aimed to create an ethnically pure Serbian state. The Bosniak population in Srebrenica was seen as an obstacle to this goal.

How has the Srebrenica massacre impacted the region and international relations?

The Srebrenica massacre served as a stark reminder of the brutality and human rights abuses committed during the Bosnian War. The genocide contributed to a significant shift in public opinion and prompted increased international intervention to prevent such atrocities in the future. It also highlighted the need for accountability and justice for war crimes. The massacre continues to shape political dynamics and reconciliation efforts in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

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FOCUS: Israel-Palestine War

Why The U.S. Lost Its Leverage In The Middle East — And May Never Get It Back

In the Israel-Hamas war, Qatar now plays the key role in negotiations, while the United States appears increasingly disengaged. Shifts in the region and beyond require that Washington move quickly or risk ceding influence to China and others for the long term.

Photograph of U.S Secretary of State Antony Blinken  shaking hands with sraeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant.

November 30, 2023, Tel Aviv, Israel: U.S Secretary of State Antony Blinken shakes hands with Israeli Defense Minister Yoav Gallant.

Chuck Kennedy/U.S State/ZUMA
Sébastien Boussois


PARIS — Upon assuming office in 2008, then-President Barack Obama declared that United States would gradually begin withdrawing from various conflict zones across the globe, initiating a complex process that has had a major impact on the international landscape ever since.

This started with the American departure from Iraq in 2010, and was followed by Donald Trump's presidency, during which the "Make America Great Again" policy redirected attention to America's domestic interests.

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The withdrawal trend resumed under Joe Biden, who ordered the exit of U.S. forces from Afghanistan in 2021. To maintain a foothold in all intricate regions to the east, America requires secure and stable partnerships. The recent struggle in addressing the Israeli-Palestinian conflict demonstrates that Washington increasingly relies on the allied Gulf states for any enduring influence.

Since the collapse of the Camp David Accords in 1999 during Bill Clinton's tenure, Washington has consistently supported Israel without pursuing renewed peace talks that could have led to the establishment of a Palestinian state.

While President Joe Biden's recent challenges in pushing for a Gaza ceasefire met with resistance from an unyielding Benjamin Netanyahu, they also stem from the United States' overall disengagement from the issue over the past two decades. Biden now is seeking to re-engage in the Israel-Palestine matter, yet it is Qatar that is the primary broker for significant negotiations such as the release of hostages in exchange for a ceasefire —a situation the United States lacks the leverage to enforce.

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