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This Happened

This Happened β€” April 27: First Democratic Election In South Africa

South African citizens of all races were allowed to vote in a general election for the first time on April 27, 1994. This was the first democratic election in South Africa after the end of the apartheid system.

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What led to the end of apartheid in South Africa?

The end of apartheid in South Africa was the result of a long struggle against the system of institutionalized racial segregation and discrimination. The anti-apartheid movement was led by Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress (ANC), among other groups. International pressure and sanctions against South Africa also played a significant role in ending apartheid.

Who was eligible to vote in the 1994 South African election?

In the 1994 South African election, all South African citizens who were 18 years or older, regardless of race, were eligible to vote. This was a significant departure from previous elections, which were restricted to White South Africans only.

What impact did the 1994 South African election have on the country?

The 1994 South African election marked a significant turning point in the country's history. It ended decades of apartheid and ushered in a new era of democracy and equality, with Nelson Mandela to serve as the first Black President. The election helped to heal the deep wounds caused by apartheid and set the stage for the country's future development and growth.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

War History Shows Why Russia Is Doomed In Southern Ukraine: Supply Lines

Many factors may soon align and force Russia to withdraw troops from Southern Ukraine, independent Russian publication Important Stories argues in an in-depth report on the situation on the ground.

Photograph of Russian soldiers taking part in a military exercise t a training ground of the Russian Central Military District

September 15, 2023: Russian assault units take part in a military exercise

TASS/ZUMA
Vazhnye Istorii

-Analysis-

A century and a half ago, during the American Civil War of 1861–1865, the foundations of modern warfare were laid out, marking the transition to large-scale, industrial-era armies.

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Innovations like the telegraph played a pivotal role, enabling coordinated operations across vast distances and swift responses to changing battle scenarios. The advent of breech-loading firearms and rifled artillery disrupted traditional infantry formations, driving soldiers into trenches for protection.

Meanwhile, the introduction of all-metal warships and the first use of submarines in combat hinted at the future of naval warfare. Balloons were employed for battlefield observation and reconnaissance, foreshadowing the era of aerial warfare.

Over the next five decades, automatic weapons, tanks, and aircraft further transformed the landscape of warfare. However, the most revolutionary and foundational innovation was the utilization of railways for the transportation and supply of troops. In 1862, the US Military Railroad Agency pioneered this concept, marking a historic milestone in military history.

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