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This Happened

This Happened - April 7: Rwandan Genocide Begins

The Rwanda genocide started on this day in 1994, and lasted for approximately 100 days until mid-July 1994.

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What was the Rwandan genocide?

The Rwandan genocide was a mass slaughter of Tutsi and moderate Hutu civilians in Rwanda that occurred over a period of 100 days. The genocide was caused by a combination of political, economic, and social factors, including ethnic tensions, economic inequalities, and political competition.

Who was responsible for the Rwandan genocide?

The Rwandan genocide was primarily carried out by extremist Hutu militia groups, with the support of the Rwandan government and military.

How many people were killed in the Rwandan genocide?

It is estimated that between 800,000 and 1 million people were killed in the Rwandan genocide, which amounted to about 20% of the country's population at the time.

What was the international response to the Rwandan genocide?

The international response to the Rwandan genocide was slow and ineffective, with many countries and organizations failing to intervene to stop the violence. The United Nations peacekeeping force in Rwanda was underfunded and understaffed, and the international community did not provide sufficient aid to the victims.

What was the aftermath of the Rwandan genocide?

The aftermath of the Rwandan genocide was marked by the prosecution of those responsible for the violence, efforts to reconcile the country's different ethnic groups, and the rebuilding of the country's infrastructure and economy. The genocide had a profound impact on Rwanda and the international community.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

War History Shows Why Russia Is Doomed In Southern Ukraine: Supply Lines

Many factors may soon align and force Russia to withdraw troops from Southern Ukraine, independent Russian publication Important Stories argues in an in-depth report on the situation on the ground.

Photograph of Russian soldiers taking part in a military exercise t a training ground of the Russian Central Military District

September 15, 2023: Russian assault units take part in a military exercise

Vazhnye Istorii


A century and a half ago, during the American Civil War of 1861–1865, the foundations of modern warfare were laid out, marking the transition to large-scale, industrial-era armies.

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Innovations like the telegraph played a pivotal role, enabling coordinated operations across vast distances and swift responses to changing battle scenarios. The advent of breech-loading firearms and rifled artillery disrupted traditional infantry formations, driving soldiers into trenches for protection.

Meanwhile, the introduction of all-metal warships and the first use of submarines in combat hinted at the future of naval warfare. Balloons were employed for battlefield observation and reconnaissance, foreshadowing the era of aerial warfare.

Over the next five decades, automatic weapons, tanks, and aircraft further transformed the landscape of warfare. However, the most revolutionary and foundational innovation was the utilization of railways for the transportation and supply of troops. In 1862, the US Military Railroad Agency pioneered this concept, marking a historic milestone in military history.

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