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This Happened

This Happened — September 12: The Lascaux Cave Paintings Are Discovered

The Lascaux cave paintings were accidentally discovered by four teenagers on this day in 1940. Marcel Ravidat, Jacques Marsal, Georges Agnel, and Simon Coencas stumbled upon the entrance to the cave while searching for their dog. They later informed local authorities, leading to the exploration and subsequent recognition of the site's historical and artistic significance.

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Where are the Lascaux cave paintings located?

The Lascaux cave paintings are located in the Lascaux Caves in southwestern France, near the village of Montignac. The caves are renowned for their prehistoric paintings and are often referred to as the "Sistine Chapel of Prehistoric Art."

When were the Lascaux cave paintings created?

The paintings in the Lascaux Caves were created during the Upper Paleolithic period, approximately 15,000 to 17,000 years ago. They are believed to have been painted by early modern humans, also known as Cro-Magnons.

What subjects are depicted in the Lascaux cave paintings?

The cave paintings depict a variety of subjects, including animals such as horses, aurochs (wild cattle), deer, and other creatures. These animals are often depicted in motion and in vivid detail, showcasing the artistic skill and observational abilities of the prehistoric artists. Some theories suggest that they may have had ritual or ceremonial significance, possibly related to hunting practices or spiritual beliefs. Others propose that the paintings could have been a form of storytelling, communication, or artistic expression.

Are the Lascaux cave paintings accessible to the public?

The original Lascaux Caves were open to the public for several decades, but concerns about deterioration and damage due to increased tourism led to their closure in 1963. To preserve the delicate paintings, a replica cave called "Lascaux II" was created nearby and opened to visitors in 1983. Visitors can explore the replica cave to experience the beauty and significance of the Lascaux cave paintings.

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Beyond Matrimony? Charting A New Course For LGBTQ+ Unions in India

In the wake of India's landmark decision to reject marriage equality, the authors suggest that the way forward for the queer community, perhaps, is not to insist on a right to marry but to challenge laws that put marriage over other forms of familial and kinship bonds.

Photo of people dancing while dressed in rainbow-colored clothes at the 2023 Kolkata Pride

Dancing at the 2023 Kolkata Pride

Aishwarya Singh and Meenakshi Ramkumar

NEW DELHI — The recent judgment of the Indian Supreme Court on marriage equality was, without a doubt, a disappointment for India’s queer community. With a 3:2 majority, the Supreme Court held that queer couples in non-heterosexual relationships do not have a fundamental right to marry and denied legal recognition to their relationships. The court’s judgment placed heterosexuality at the centre of marital relationships by holding that marriage between persons of opposite gender is the only valid form of marriage under Indian law.

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Thus, while transgender persons identifying within the gender binary who are in heterosexual relationships are entitled to marry, queer couples who do not find themselves in what can be classified as heterosexual relationships are left without any legal remedy.

But perhaps in rejecting that there is any fundamental right to marry under the Constitution for queer couples or otherwise, the court has opened a portal (especially in the minority opinions) for re-imagining the existence of what were understood to be matrimonial entitlements (like succession rights, adoption, guardianship, financial entitlements that accrue to spouses, etc.) beyond marriage.

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