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This Happened

This Happened—December 7: Pearl Harbor

Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor was a day that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt famously said "will live in infamy." It would finally bring the United States into World War II, though with a decimated Pacific fleet from the Japanese surprise attack.

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Why Did Pearl Harbor Happen?

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was the result of a decade of Tokyo's degrading relationship with the U.S, and the threat that Washington would enter World War II on the side of the Allies.

The day after the attack, the U.S declared war on Japan, and three days later on Germany. A massive mobilization effort followed and a wave of anti-Japanese suspicion led President Roosevelt to pass an executive order that resulted in the internment of thousands of Japanese Americans in camps.

How many people died in the bombing of Pearl Harbor? 

There were 2,403 U.S military personnel counted as fatal casualties in the hour-long attack on the island of Oahu in Hawaii, along with 68 civilians. More than 1,000 people were wounded. The U.S fleet was badly damaged: more than 180 aircrafts and 19 Navy ships were destroyed.

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Geopolitics

The Rush For Africa Is Getting Crowded — Who Will Be Shut Out?

African countries have shown through the Ukrainian war that their support should not be taken for granted. Chinese, Americans, Europeans and others are competing for influence on a continent that has become a global prize.

photo of Central business district Nairobi, Kenya

Central business district Nairobi, Kenya

Donwilson Odhiambo/ZUMA
Pierre Haski

-Analysis-

PARIS — There was a time when the great powers of the world would compete against each other to conquer vast territories of the African continent. Today, they are instead vying to seduce, convince, and sometimes buy the support of countries that have never been so eagerly courted.

The 55 African States carry real value (no matter the criterion — be it economic, political, security, demographic) that leaves no one indifferent. Within two decades, China has become the lead partner of the continent, supplanting the former colonial powers; Russia is regaining its areas of influence from the old Soviet days, spearheaded by the Wagner paramilitary group; the Americans are back too; Turkey, India, Japan, and Brazil also have a dog in the fight.

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