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This Happened

This Happened—December 7: Pearl Harbor

Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor was a day that U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt famously said "will live in infamy." It would finally bring the United States into World War II, though with a decimated Pacific fleet from the Japanese surprise attack.

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Why Did Pearl Harbor Happen?

The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was the result of a decade of Tokyo's degrading relationship with the U.S, and the threat that Washington would enter World War II on the side of the Allies.

The day after the attack, the U.S declared war on Japan, and three days later on Germany. A massive mobilization effort followed and a wave of anti-Japanese suspicion led President Roosevelt to pass an executive order that resulted in the internment of thousands of Japanese Americans in camps.

How many people died in the bombing of Pearl Harbor? 

There were 2,403 U.S military personnel counted as fatal casualties in the hour-long attack on the island of Oahu in Hawaii, along with 68 civilians. More than 1,000 people were wounded. The U.S fleet was badly damaged: more than 180 aircrafts and 19 Navy ships were destroyed.

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Geopolitics

The Trumpian Virus Undermining Democracy Is Now Spreading Through South America

Taking inspiration from events in the United States over the past four years, rejection of election results and established state institutions is on the rise in Latin America.

Two supporters of far-right Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro dressed in Brazilian flags during a demonstration in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.

Bolsonaro supporters dressed in national colours with flags in a demonstration in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, on November 4, 2022.

Ivan Abreu / ZUMA
Carlos Ruckauf*

-Analysis-

BUENOS AIRES — South Africa's Nelson Mandela used to say it was "so easy to break down and destroy. The heroes are those who make peace and build."

Intolerance toward those who think differently, even inside the same political space, is corroding the bases of representative democracy, which is the only system we know that allows us to live and grow in freedom, in spite of its flaws.

Recent events in South America and elsewhere are precisely alerting us to that danger. The most explosive example was in Brazil, where a crowd of thousands managed to storm key institutional premises like the presidential palace, parliament and the Supreme Court.

In Peru, the country's Marxist (now former) president, Pedro Castillo, sought to use the armed and security forces to shut down parliament and halt the Supreme Court and state prosecutors from investigating corruption allegations against him.

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