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This Happened

This Happened—November 13: The Worst Terrorist Attack France Had Ever Seen

In the deadliest attack on France since World War II, 131 people were killed in a series of shootings and suicide bombings across Paris by Islamist terrorists.

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Who was responsible for the Nov. 13 attacks in Paris?

Nine members of the Islamic State (ISIS), based mostly in Brussels, carried out the coordinated attacks at the Stade de France football stadium, the Bataclan theater music venue, and a number of cafes in eastern Paris.

Seven of the attackers were shot or detonated suicide vests during the attacks, while the remaining two were killed in a police raid a few days later.

Why did they carry out the Bataclan attacks?

François Hollande, France’s president at the time, said ISIS organized the attacks with coordination in the Middle East, and help from inside France. Singling out Paris as a capital of “abomination and perversion”, as well as retaliation for French airstrikes on ISIS in Syria and Iraq, were cited as contributing motives in the attack.

What happened after the 2015 Paris attacks?

Following the attacks, a state of emergency was declared in France. Once civil rights were suspended, police raided almost 3,600 houses and made over 400 arrests, while the state of emergency remained until November of 2017, almost two full years later.

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Society

"Splendid" Colonialism? Time To Change How We Talk About Fashion And Culture

A lavish book to celebrate Cartagena, Colombia's most prized travel destination, will perpetuate clichéd views of a city inextricably linked with European exploitation.

Photo of women in traditional clothes at a market in Cartagena, Colombia

At a market iIn Cartagena, Colombia

Vanessa Rosales

-Analysis-

BOGOTÁ — The Colombian designer Johanna Ortiz is celebrating the historic port of Cartagena de Indias, in Colombia, in a new book, Cartagena Grace, published by Assouline. The European publisher specializes in luxury art and travel books, or those weighty, costly coffee table books filled with dreamy pictures. If you never opened the book, you could still admire it as a beautiful object in a lobby or on a center table.

Ortiz produced the book in collaboration with Lauren Santo Domingo, an American model (née Davis, in Connecticut) who married into one of Colombia's wealthiest families. Assouline is promoting it as a celebration of the city's "colonial splendor, Caribbean soul and unfaltering pride," while the Bogotá weekly Semana has welcomed an international publisher's focus on one of the country's emblematic cities and tourist spots.

And yet, use of terms like colonial "splendor" is not just inappropriate, but unacceptable.

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