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This Happened

This Happened — October 7: October Revolution Begins

The October Revolution, also known as the Bolshevik Revolution, was a pivotal event in Russian and world history that started on this day in 1917.

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What was the October Revolution?

The October Revolution was a revolution of the Bolshevik Party, led by Vladimir Lenin, which took place in October 1917. It resulted in the overthrow of the Provisional Government and the establishment of a Bolshevik-led government in Russia that would pave the way for the USSR.

What led to the October revolution?

The October Revolution was the culmination of a series of events in Russia during 1917. Key factors included widespread discontent with the Provisional Government, which had replaced the autocratic rule of the Romanov dynasty, and the ongoing hardships caused by World War I. The Bolsheviks capitalized on this discontent, promoting the idea of a socialist revolution and "peace, land, and bread."

How did the October revolution impact world history?

The October Revolution had profound and far-reaching consequences. It led to a civil war in Russia, which lasted until 1923 and resulted in significant loss of life and widespread destruction. The establishment of the Soviet Union under Bolshevik rule had a major impact on the course of 20th-century history, leading to the spread of communism and the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union. Domestically, it transformed Russia into a socialist state with a planned economy and one-party rule.

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The Pope's Bronchitis Can't Hide What Truly Ails The Church — Or Whispers Of Succession

It is not only the health of the Pope that worries the Holy See. From the collapse of vocations to the conservative wind in the USA, there are many ills to face.

 Pope Francis reaches over to tough the hands of devotees during his  General Audience at the Vatican.​

November 29, 2023: Pope Francis during his wednesday General Audience at the Vatican.

Evandro Inetti/ZUMA
Gianluigi Nuzzi

ROME — "How am I? I'm fine... I'm still alive, you know? See, I'm not dead!"

With a dose of irony and sarcasm, Pope Francis addressed those who'd paid him a visit this past week as he battled a new lung inflammation, and the antibiotic cycles and extra rest he still must stick with on strict doctors' orders.

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The Pope is dealing with a sensitive respiratory system; the distressed tracheo-bronchial tree can cause asthmatic reactions, with the breathlessness in his speech being the most obvious symptom. Tired eyes and dark circles mark his swollen face. A sense of unease and bewilderment pervades and only diminishes when the doctors restate their optimism about his general state of wellness.

"The pope's ailments? Nothing compared to the health of the Church," quips a priest very close to the Holy Father. "The Church is much worse off, marked by chronic ailments and seasonal illnesses."

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