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This Happened

This Happened — September 27: NLD Founded In Myanmar

On this day in 1988, The National League for Democracy was funded in Yangon, Myanmar.

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How did the NLD come into existence?

In 1988, Myanmar's pro-democracy uprising, known as the 8888 Uprising, began. Citizens took to the streets to protest against the authoritarian rule of the military junta. A series of demonstrations and protests led to widespread calls for democratic reforms. The NLD was founded during the height of this pro-democracy uprising. It emerged as a platform for opposition to the military government and as a vehicle for advocating reforms. Many ordinary citizens, students, activists, and professionals contributed financially to the movement.

Were there any challenges or obstacles to funding the NLD in 1988?

Funding the NLD in 1988 was challenging due to the repressive nature of the military junta's rule. The government was suspicious of opposition groups and movements, including the NLD, and any financial support to such organizations could lead to persecution. Over the years, it has faced periods of repression, including arrests and detentions of its leaders, but has also participated in the country's democratic transition.

What role did Aung San Suu Kyi play in the NLD?

Aung San Suu Kyi is a Burmese politician and leader of the NLD. She is the daughter of Aung San, a Burmese independence hero. Aung San Suu Kyi gained international recognition for her nonviolent struggle for democracy and human rights in Myanmar. She was placed under house arrest for a total of 15 years due to her activism and was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. Aung San Suu Kyi later led the NLD to victory in Myanmar's 2015 elections and became the State Counsellor, a position equivalent to the head of government.

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FOCUS: Israel-Palestine War

Israel's Assault On Southern Gaza Will Be One Step Too Far For Washington

Launching a ground invasion in the south of Gaza, where residents have been forced to flee, will be virtually impossible for the Biden Administration to accept.

Photograph of a Palestinian child looks through a broken window of a destroyed house

November 15, 2023, Rafah: A Palestinian child looks through a broken window of a destroyed house.

Abed Rahim Khatib/ZUMA
Pierre Haski


In five weeks of bombings followed by a ground invasion, the Israeli army has effectively taken control of the northern third of the Gaza Strip. Much of the population has been forced to seek refuge in the south, while those who've stayed are in an extremely difficult position: almost all hospitals have ceased to function, and military operations continue non-stop.

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Now, Israel has given the first sign of its intention to push its offensive against Hamas into southern Gaza, precisely where it had said it was safe to go. Leaflets were dropped in four localities around the vast Khan Yunis refugee camp in the south, asking residents to evacuate.

But where to go? Gaza already has the highest population density in the world, and the influx of hundreds of thousands of displaced people from north to south, in a war-torn environment, without water, sanitation, or medicine, creates a dramatic humanitarian situation.

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