When the world gets closer.

We help you see farther.

Sign up to our expressly international daily newsletter.

Already a subscriber? Log in .

You've reached your limit of one free article.

Get unlimited access to Worldcrunch

You can cancel anytime .


Exclusive International news coverage

Ad-free experience NEW

Weekly digital Magazine NEW

9 daily & weekly Newsletters

Access to Worldcrunch archives

Free trial

30-days free access, then $2.90
per month.

Annual Access BEST VALUE

$19.90 per year, save $14.90 compared to monthly billing. save $14.90.

Subscribe to Worldcrunch
This Happened

This Happened — September 25: Mozambique War Of Independence

On this day in 1964, the Mozambican War of Independence against Portugal began.

Get This Happened straight to your inbox ✉️ each day! Sign up here .

What was the Mozambican War of Independence?

The Mozambican War of Independence was a protracted armed conflict that took place from 1964 to 1974 in the Portuguese colony of Mozambique . It was fought between the Mozambican Liberation Front (FRELIMO) and Portuguese colonial forces, driven by the desire of Mozambicans to end Portuguese colonial rule and gain independence. Under Portuguese rule, the native population faced economic exploitation, social discrimination, and limited political representation, which fueled the desire for self-determination.

How did FRELIMO conduct its campaign for independence?

FRELIMO employed a combination of guerrilla warfare tactics , including ambushes, hit-and-run attacks, and sabotage of infrastructure. The organization aimed to weaken Portuguese control and gain support from the local population. The war had a devastating impact on Mozambique's population. Civilians often bore the brunt of the conflict, facing violence, displacement, and economic disruption. Many people were forced to flee their homes and seek refuge in neighboring countries.

What was the Lusaka Accord?

The Lusaka Accord was a peace agreement signed between FRELIMO and the Portuguese government on September 7, 1974. It marked the end of military hostilities and set the stage for Mozambique's transition to independence. Mozambique officially gained independence from Portugal on June 25, 1975. The country's first president was Samora Machel, who had been a key leader in FRELIMO's struggle for independence.

You've reached your limit of free articles.

To read the full story, start your free trial today.

Get unlimited access. Cancel anytime.

Exclusive coverage from the world's top sources, in English for the first time.

Insights from the widest range of perspectives, languages and countries.


Javier Milei, Revolt Of The Global Disaffected Is Far From Over

Argentina has elected a "paleolibertarian" outsider with little experience, and by a wide margin. What does this say about the existing structures of power around the democratic world?

Supporters of the La Libertad Avanza party candidate celebrating after Milei's victory in Buenos Aires.

Pierre Haski


PARIS — If it were only a matter of far-right politics, the election of Javier Milei as Argentina's next president would fit into a relatively classic electoral pattern. But this winner, with a very comfortable 56% of votes, is much more than that: this is what makes his case intriguing and raises troubling questions.

He is first and foremost a "radical libertarian," according to the Financial Times , which generally does not engage in hyperbole. Or "paleolibertarian," a doctrine that advocates "anarcho-capitalism," according to the French website Le Grand Continent.

For the latest news & views from every corner of the world, Worldcrunch Today is the only truly international newsletter. Sign up here .

Libertarianism is a political philosophy born in the United States that advocates for total individual freedom in the face of state power. Javier Milei, who has a way with words, summarizes it as follows: "Between the mafia and the state, I prefer the mafia. The mafia has codes, it keeps its commitments, it does not lie, it is competitive."

Keep reading... Show less

The latest