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This Happened

This Happened — October 28: Mussolini's March On Rome

Italian fascists led by Benito Mussolini marched on Rome and took over the Italian government on this day in 1922.

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Who was Benito Mussolini?

Benito Mussolini, known as "Il Duce," was an Italian politician and the founder of Italian fascism. He played a central role in organizing and leading the March on Rome in October 1922, which ultimately led to his appointment as Prime Minister of Italy.

What were the main objectives of the March on Rome?

The primary objectives of the March on Rome were to demand the appointment of Mussolini as Prime Minister and to establish a fascist government in Italy. The fascists sought to seize power and suppress opposition parties.

What was the response of the Italian government and King Victor Emmanuel III to the March on Rome?

The Italian government and King Victor Emmanuel III initially considered declaring martial law and using the army to suppress the march. However, they ultimately chose to appoint Mussolini as Prime Minister, hoping to avoid further violence and instability.

What happened to Mussolini after the fascists took over the Italian government?

After Mussolini became Prime Minister, he gradually consolidated power, suppressed political opposition, and established a totalitarian regime. The Italian Fascist Party became the dominant political force, and Mussolini ruled Italy until he was overthrown in 1943 during World War II.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

Putin's "Pig-Like" Latvia Threat Is A Chilling Reminder Of What's At Stake In Ukraine

In the Ukraine war, Russia's military spending is as high as ever. Now the West is alarmed because the Kremlin leader is indirectly hinting at a possible attack on Latvia, a NATO member. It is a reminder of a growing danger to Europe.

Photo of Russian President Vladimir Putin

Russian President Vladimir Putin

Pavel Lokshin


BERLIN — Russian President Vladimir Putin sometimes chooses downright bizarre occasions to launch his threats against the West. It was at Monday's meeting of the Russian Human Rights Council, where Putin expressed a new, deep concern. It was not of course about the human rights of the thousands of political prisoners in his own country, but about the Russian population living in neighboring Latvia, which happens to be a NATO member, having to take language tests.

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