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This Happened

This Happened — October 27: Lula Elected (The First Time)

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva won the presidency in Brazil on this day in 2002.

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Who is Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva?

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, commonly known as Lula, is a Brazilian politician who first served as the 35th President of Brazil. He served two terms, from 2003 to 2010, and he was born on October 27, 1945, in the state of Pernambuco. Lula represented the Workers' Party (Partido dos Trabalhadores, PT), a left-wing political party that he co-founded in 1980. The PT was associated with progressive and social democratic policies. Lula would eventually win the presidential race again in 2022, after leading the opposition and spending time in jail on corruption charges.

What were the key issues and themes of Lula's presidential campaigns and presidency?

Lula's presidential campaigns and presidency focused on addressing social inequality, poverty, and economic development. His government implemented programs like Bolsa Família, which aimed to reduce poverty and provide financial support to low-income families. Lula also promoted economic growth and job creation.

What was the significance of Lula's first election as President of Brazil?

Lula's election as President was significant for several reasons. It marked a shift toward more progressive and social democratic policies in Brazil. His background as a former labor leader and his commitment to social programs resonated with many Brazilians, especially those in lower-income brackets, and across Latin America and the world. During Lula's presidency, Brazil experienced significant economic growth, which was partly driven by high commodity prices.

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AI And War: Inside The Pentagon's $1.8 Billion Bet On Artificial Intelligence

Putting the latest AI breakthroughs at the service of national security raises major practical and ethical questions for the Pentagon.

Photo of a drone on the tarmac during a military exercise near Vícenice, in the Czech Republic

Drone on the tarmac during a military exercise near Vícenice, in the Czech Republic

Sarah Scoles

Number 4 Hamilton Place is a be-columned building in central London, home to the Royal Aeronautical Society and four floors of event space. In May, the early 20th-century Edwardian townhouse hosted a decidedly more modern meeting: Defense officials, contractors, and academics from around the world gathered to discuss the future of military air and space technology.

Things soon went awry. At that conference, Tucker Hamilton, chief of AI test and operations for the United States Air Force, seemed to describe a disturbing simulation in which an AI-enabled drone had been tasked with taking down missile sites. But when a human operator started interfering with that objective, he said, the drone killed its operator, and cut the communications system.

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