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This Happened

This Happened — July 18: Kim Jong-un Becomes Supreme Leader Of North Korea

On this day in 2012, Kim Jong-un was officially appointed as the Supreme Leader of North Korea and given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People's Army by the Workers' Party of Korea, the ruling party in North Korea.

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What does it mean to be the Supreme Leader of North Korea?

As the Supreme Leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un holds the highest position of authority and power in the country. He has control over political, military, and economic affairs and exercises significant influence over the governance and policies of North Korea.

What is the significance of being given the rank of Marshal in the Korean People's Army?

Being given the rank of Marshal is a high military honor in North Korea. It signifies Kim Jong-un's position as the top military commander and demonstrates his authority and control over the armed forces.

How did Kim Jong-un's official appointment impact North Korea's leadership and policies?

Kim Jong-un's appointment as Supreme Leader marked a generational transition in North Korea's leadership, as he succeeded his father, Kim Jong-il. His leadership has seen the continuation of North Korea's political system and policies, including a focus on the country's military capabilities and a pursuit of nuclear weapons.

Did Kim Jong-un's appointment improve North Korea's relationship with other countries?

Kim Jong-un's appointment did not bring immediate significant changes to North Korea's relationship with other countries. However, his tenure as Supreme Leader has been marked by heightened tensions and increased international scrutiny due to North Korea's nuclear weapons program and missile tests.

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food / travel

When Racism Poisons Italy's Culinary Scene

This is the case of chef Mareme Cisse, a black woman, who was called a slur after a couple found out that she was the one who would be preparing their meal.

Photo of Mareme Cisse cooking

Mareme Cisse in the kitchen of Ginger People&Food

Caterina Suffici


TURIN — Guess who's not coming to dinner. It seems like a scene from the American Deep South during the decades of segregation. But this happened in Italy, in this summer of 2023.

Two Italians, in their sixties, got up from the restaurant table and left (without saying goodbye, as the owner points out), when they declared that they didn't want to eat in a restaurant where the chef was what they called: an 'n-word.'

Racists, poor things. And ignorant, in the sense of not knowing basic facts. They don't realize that we are all made of mixtures, come from different racial and ethnic backgrounds. And that food, of course, are blends of different ingredients and recipes.

The restaurant is called Ginger People&Food, and these visitors from out of town probably didn't understand that either.

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