The invasion of Benin, also known as the Punitive Expedition, took place on this day in 1897 by an expeditionary force sent by the British government.
What was the reason for the invasion of Benin?
The invasion was carried out as a punishment for the killing of a British consul and other European officials by the forces of the Kingdom of Benin. It was led by British naval officer, Vice-Admiral Harry Rawson.
How did the Benin invasion end?
The invasion ended with the capture of the city of Benin, and the installation of a British protectorate over the kingdom.
What were the consequences of the Benin invasion?
The invasion resulted in the looting of the royal palace and the destruction of many of the kingdom's historical artifacts. It also led to the depopulation of the city, and the imposition of British colonial rule over the Kingdom of Benin. To make up for costs of the invasion, many of the objects were auctioned off by the British, much of it ending up in museums around the world.