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This Happened

This Happened — October 31: Assassination of Indira Gandhi

Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated by two Sikh security guards on this day in 1984.

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Who was Indira Gandhi?

Indira Gandhi was an Indian politician and the first woman to serve as the Prime Minister of India. She held the office of Prime Minister from 1966 to 1977 and again from 1980 until her assassination in 1984. The assassination occurred at her residence in New Delhi, India. She was shot and killed by two of her Sikh security guards, Beant Singh and Satwant Singh.

What were the motives behind the assassination of Indira Gandhi?

The assassination was primarily motivated by political and religious factors. The two assassins, Beant Singh and Satwant Singh, who were Sikhs, carried out the act in response to the Indian government's Operation Blue Star in June 1984, which targeted Sikh militants hiding in the Golden Temple in Amritsar.

What was Operation Blue Star, and why did it lead to such strong reactions among Sikhs?

Operation Blue Star was a military operation conducted by the Indian government to remove Sikh militants, led by Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, from the Golden Temple complex in Amritsar, which is a revered Sikh religious site. The operation caused significant damage to the temple and led to a strong sense of anger and betrayal among many Sikhs.

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The Pope's Bronchitis Can't Hide What Truly Ails The Church — Or Whispers Of Succession

It is not only the health of the Pope that worries the Holy See. From the collapse of vocations to the conservative wind in the USA, there are many ills to face.

 Pope Francis reaches over to tough the hands of devotees during his  General Audience at the Vatican.​

November 29, 2023: Pope Francis during his wednesday General Audience at the Vatican.

Evandro Inetti/ZUMA
Gianluigi Nuzzi

ROME — "How am I? I'm fine... I'm still alive, you know? See, I'm not dead!"

With a dose of irony and sarcasm, Pope Francis addressed those who'd paid him a visit this past week as he battled a new lung inflammation, and the antibiotic cycles and extra rest he still must stick with on strict doctors' orders.

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The Pope is dealing with a sensitive respiratory system; the distressed tracheo-bronchial tree can cause asthmatic reactions, with the breathlessness in his speech being the most obvious symptom. Tired eyes and dark circles mark his swollen face. A sense of unease and bewilderment pervades and only diminishes when the doctors restate their optimism about his general state of wellness.

"The pope's ailments? Nothing compared to the health of the Church," quips a priest very close to the Holy Father. "The Church is much worse off, marked by chronic ailments and seasonal illnesses."

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