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This Happened

This Happened — August 6: Atomic Bombing Of Hiroshima

The atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima by the United States on this day in 1945, during World War II.

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Why was Hiroshima a target for the atomic bomb?

Hiroshima was chosen as a target for the atomic bomb due to its military significance and its dense population. It was a major industrial and military hub for Japan, and the goal was to cripple Japan's war effort and force its surrender.

How many people died in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima?

It is estimated that approximately 140,000 people died as a direct result of the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. This number includes those who were killed instantly by the blast and thermal effects, as well as those who died in the following months and years due to injuries, radiation sickness, and other related causes.

What was the immediate impact of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima?

The atomic bomb caused immense destruction and devastation in Hiroshima. The blast instantly killed thousands of people and leveled buildings within a radius of approximately one mile. Fires broke out across the city, adding to the destruction, and the intense heat and radiation had long-lasting effects on the survivors and the environment.

What were the long-term effects of the atomic bombing on Hiroshima?

Many survivors suffered from radiation-related illnesses, such as cancer and genetic mutations. The city had to undergo extensive reconstruction and faced ongoing challenges in terms of health, infrastructure, and the social and psychological well-being of the affected population. The bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki also had a profound impact on the course of history, leading to Japan's surrender and the end of World War II.

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This Happened—November 14: Ruby Bridges Walks Into Civil Rights History

Updated Nov. 14, 2023 at 11:30

Ruby Bridges walked into the first desegrated school on this day 63 years ago. Her story later became the subject of a famous Norman Rockwell painting, titled “The Problem We All Live With”.

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