Al-Qaeda was formed on this day in 1988 by Osama bin Laden, Abdullah Azzam, and other key individuals.
What was the purpose or ideology of Al-Qaeda?
Al-Qaeda's main objective was to establish a global jihadist movement based on its extremist interpretation of Sunni Islam. It aimed to resist what it perceived as Western imperialism and influence in Muslim-majority countries, and sought to unite Muslims worldwide under a strict form of Islamic governance.
How did Al-Qaeda operate and spread its influence?
Al-Qaeda operated through a decentralized network of cells and affiliates, utilizing clandestine tactics and engaging in acts of terrorism. It sought to recruit individuals globally, disseminate its ideology, and conduct attacks against its perceived enemies. Al-Qaeda gained notoriety with its involvement in significant terrorist attacks, including the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings and the September 11 attacks in 2001.
How has Al-Qaeda evolved over time?
Al-Qaeda has undergone significant changes and transformations since its formation. Following the death of Osama bin Laden in 2011, the organization faced leadership changes and internal divisions. It also faced competition from other extremist groups, such as ISIS. While Al-Qaeda remains a threat, its prominence has somewhat diminished, and its focus has shifted to local and regional conflicts, particularly in countries like Afghanistan, Syria, and Yemen.
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