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Walking in Molenbeek, Brussels, a neighborhood tied to the Paris and Brussels attacks
Walking in Molenbeek, Brussels, a neighborhood tied to the Paris and Brussels attacks
Farhad Khosrokhavar

PARIS — Jihadism in Europe seems to always be one step ahead of European security services, which despite enhanced cooperation remain fundamentally national operations. Paradoxically, terrorism is unifying Europe with a sense of common identity in the face of the attacks in Paris and Brussels, which seem as if they could have just as well occurred in their own country. Already, this was partly the case after the attacks in Madrid (2004) and London (2005). Yet, since then, many changes have affected the landscape of European terrorism, which we must now consider when developing a more efficient system for combating it.

Note first that what we can call "sub-zones" of terrorism have been formed beyond national borders. The first relevant such sub-zone is Franco-Belgian. Terrorists based in Belgium who prepared the November 13 attacks could be Flemish or Walloon, the fact remains that they showed an anti-French atavism related to their origins, namely the former Algerian and Moroccan colonies.

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Economy

The Bogus Concept Of "Carbon-Neutral" Oil

The Colombian president recently said that the country had exported one million barrels of carbon-neutral or offset oil. But in an unregulated carbon market, such a claim is pure greenwashing.

People walk in the streets of Bogotá

María Mónica Monsalve Sánchez

-OpEd-

BOGOTÁ - In March this year, various national and corporate leaders met in Houston, Texas, for CERAWeek, an annual conference to discuss the world's energy challenges. Colombia's President Iván Duque took the opportunity to remind participants that his country produced just 0.6% of the world's carbon emissions even as it had raised crude production to one million barrels a day.

He said oil should not be seen as an enemy, since the fight was really against greenhouse gas emissions. He also revealed at the event that the country's national oil firm, Ecopetrol, had sold the Asian market its first million barrels of carbon-neutral or offset crude, consisting of the entire extraction, production and exportation chain.

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