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Wild Salmon Are Dying - Are Fish Farms Responsible?

PROCEEDINGS OF THE ROYAL SOCIETY, BBC(U.K.), DER SPIEGEL (Germany)

Worldcrunch

LONDON - A long-term international study of wild Atlantic salmon has discovered that large numbers of free-ranging salmon are being killed by parasitic sea lice, the BBC has reported. Sea lice, which attach themselves to salmon and then eat their flesh, blood and tissue, were responsible for up to 40 % of the deaths of young wild salmon at sea.

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(Atlantic salmon roaming free - Hans-Petter Fjeld)

Sea lice occur naturally. However, as Der Spiegelreports, in the past 30 years the number of wild Atlantic salmon has fallen by 45 %. According to the study, published by the Royal Society for Biological Sciences, intensive farming of salmon, where sea lice are a common problem, is implicated in the increase of deaths of wild salmon from the parasite.

The joint study, which began in 1996, involved 280,000 individual fish. It was carried out by biologists from Scotland, Ireland, Norway, New Zealand, and Canada.

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Geopolitics

Utter Pessimism, What Israelis And Palestinians Share In Common

Right now, according to a joint survey of Israelis and Palestinians, hopes for a peaceful solution of coexistence simply don't exist. The recent spate of violence is confirmation of the deepest kind of pessimism on both sides for any solution other than domination of the other.

An old Palestinian protester waves Palestinian flag while he confronts the Israeli soldiers during the demonstration against Israeli settlements in the village of Beit Dajan near the West Bank city of Nablus.

A Palestinian protester confronts Israeli soldiers during the demonstration against Israeli settlements in the West Bank village of Beit Dajan on Jan. 6.

Pierre Haski

-Analysis-

PARIS — Just before the latest outbreak of violence between Israelis and Palestinians, a survey of public opinion among the two peoples provided a key to understanding the current situation unfolding before our eyes.

It was a joint study, entitled "Palestinian-Israeli Pulse", carried out by two research centers, one Israeli, the other Palestinian, which for years have been regularly asking the same questions to both sides.

The result is disastrous: not only is the support for the two-state solution — Israel and Palestine side by side — at its lowest point in two decades, but there is now a significant share of opinion on both sides that favors a "non-democratic" solution, i.e., a single state controlled by either the Israelis or Palestinians.

This captures the absolute sense of pessimism commonly felt regarding the chances of the two-state option ever being realized, which currently appears to be our grim reality today. But the results are also an expression of the growing acceptance on both sides that it is inconceivable for either state to live without dominating the other — and therefore impossible to live in peace.

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