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She Helped Discover HIV 30 Years Ago - Now, It's Time To Defeat Research "Dogma"

On the 30th anniversary of her landmark discovery, French Nobel Laureate Françoise Barré-Sinoussi calls for a new approach for definitively defeating AIDS.

Test tubes containing cells that have been exposed to the AIDS virus
Test tubes containing cells that have been exposed to the AIDS virus
Paul Benkimoun

PARIS - Thirty years ago, on May 28, 1983, French virologist Françoise Barré-Sinoussi was the first to describe how researchers had identified the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) responsible for AIDS, in an article published in the prestigious American journal Science

Awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 2008 along with Luc Montagnier, Barré-Sinoussi still works at the Pasteur Institute – a French foundation for research and public health. Ahead of an international symposium commemorating 30 years of research on HIV, she talks to Le Monde about what’s next in the fight against a pandemic that has cost the lives of 28 million people since 1981.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

Hide-And-Seek Of Drone Warfare, A Letter From Ukraine's Front Line

A member of the Ukrainian Armed Forces writes his account of the new dynamic of targeting, and being targeted by, the invading Russian troops, as drones circle above and trenches get left behind.

A Ukrainian military drone operator during a testing of anti-drone rifle in Kyiv.

Igor Lutsenko*

KYIV — The current war in Ukraine is a game of hide-and-seek. Both sides are very well-stocked with artillery, enough to destroy the enemy along many kilometers. Swarms of drones fly through the air day and night, keeping a close eye on the earth's surface below. If they notice something interesting, it immediately becomes a target. Depending on the priority, they put it in line for destruction by artillery.

Therefore, the only effective way to survive is to hide, or at least somehow prove to the drones your non-priority status — and avoid moving to the front of the 'queue of death.'

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In general, the nature of this queue is a particular thing. It may seem to be a god, but is instead a simple artillery captain's decision of when to have lunch, and when to fire on the house where several enemy soldiers are staying. It's just a handful of ordinary people (observers, artillerymen) deciding how long their enemies will live depending on their own schedule or the weather, the availability of ammunition or if they're feeling tired.

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Central to the tragic absurdity of this war is the question of language. Vladimir Putin has repeated that protecting ethnic Russians and the Russian-speaking populations of Ukraine was a driving motivation for his invasion.

Yet one month on, a quick look at the map shows that many of the worst-hit cities are those where Russian is the predominant language: Kharkiv, Odesa, Kherson.

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