French President Emmanuel Macron has proposed a new European Political Community, with support from Germany's Olaf Scholz, that would include Ukraine in a second-tier union. No, this is not about European "core values" — it's just the latest attempt by the EU's two biggest players to be sure not to upset Vladimir Putin.
KYIV — French President Emmanuel Macron said that Ukraine's accession to the European Union will take years, if not decades. He also proposed the creation of a new union on the continent — the European Political Community, which may include countries that must wait to join the EU, or which have left (like the UK).
At the same time, according to Macron's plan, joining the new union will mean other states cannot gain membership to the European Union.
German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, the "biggest supporter" of Ukraine's European integration in Europe, has already signaled his approval of this initiative. It is clear why: this new union is not about an accelerated procedure for Ukraine's accession to the EU, nor is it about helping rebuild Ukraine.
This is a cop out for countries unwelcome in the European Union. Its two most powerful states have only one purpose in mind — not to irritate Putin.
No hope for Ukraine of full membership
The ban of Ukrainian state symbols and flags by the Berlin authorities on May 8-9, along with Macron's current statement about the need to create a new political union, confirmed the ongoing policy of appeasement of Putin. Berlin and Paris have been doing it since 2008, if not earlier.
Macron proposes a new union in Europe, which gives no hope of full membership.
The leaders of Germany and France — one to a greater extent, the other to a lesser — do not want to irritate the aggressor. Thus, they make statements or take actions directly harming Ukraine and encouraging Russia to commit even more cruelty.
Let me remind you that in Versailles, when EU leaders gathered to decide the future of Ukraine's European integration and determine whether the procedure for joining the union can be started, Macron was among those who initially opposed accepting the country at war into the European Union. Eventually, according to Lithuanian President Gitanas Nausėda, the summit said a clear “yes” to Ukraine's future in Europe.
Kyiv has already submitted two parts of the EU questionnaire to the European Commission. Recent poll results have shown that most Europeans support Ukraine's EU membership. We have come close to obtaining the status of a candidate country, which may mark the beginning of our rapid path to the EU. And then suddenly, Macron proposes a new union in Europe, which gives no hope of full membership.
The French president's two points
Macron made two important statements.
The first one is: “Even if we were to grant Ukraine candidate country status tomorrow – I hope we are moving fast to achieve this goal – we all know very well that the accession process will take several years indeed, if not decades.”The second one is: “We need to create what I would call 'the European Political Community'. This new organization of Europe would let democratic European countries that adhere to our core principles have new opportunities for cooperation — political, security, energy and transport, investment, infrastructure, border crossing. Joining it would not necessarily mean joining the EU in the future. Similarly, it would be open to those who have left the EU.”
Ukrainian refugees in an evacuation bus from Kramatorsk to Dnipro on May 9
A complete change for Kyiv
There are several important nuances that completely invalidate this approach.
First, there are no set deadlines for how long a country must wait for accession. No need to cite Croatia or Poland as an example, which, after receiving the status of a candidate, took 10 years for full membership of the European Union. No need to talk about Turkey, which has been discussing membership since 1987. There are Austria, Sweden and Finland, which only took two years to do so. This is not about comparing Ukraine with developed Sweden, but about the fact that there are no clear deadlines.
Ukrainian society is now ready for a complete change of the post-Soviet system.
Second, there are still criteria that a state must meet in order to join the European Union. It is not enough to create a certain number of anti-corruption bodies and start judicial reform. The country should have a really good investment climate, a transparent judiciary, customs reformed according to European standards, effective anti-monopoly regulation etc. Without this, joining the EU single market is impossible.
At the same time, Ukraine is currently at war. It will need to rebuild a lot from scratch, including revising the structure of the economy. Moreover, Ukrainian society is now ready for a complete change of the post-Soviet system, which has hindered European progress for years. Kyiv will be able to adopt rapid reforms. We have no other option.
Accelerating EU application
Third, the EU countries themselves, including France, can join the process of rebuilding Ukraine. Not just to verbally declare something about the reconstruction of certain Ukrainian regions, but to give written guarantees or assurances. In this way, Ukraine will soon be able to meet the infrastructure and transport standards of the European Union.
Fourth, the EU itself is in a position to reconsider its policy. By the way, the EU leadership is already discussing it. In particular, the introduction of an accelerated accession procedure and the abolition of the consensus rule which obliges any important decision to be taken unanimously. And one should not think that this is unrealistic.
The German and French elites are out of touch with reality.
France, by the way, can declare that it supports the accelerated procedure for Ukraine's accession to the EU. It is strange not to hear this from French colleagues, because even Hungary, which is definitely not our best friend, has stated that it supports an accelerated procedure for obtaining membership.
Fifth, there is no need to reinvent the wheel. If you want to create better conditions for Ukrainians to move and cross the border, open the opportunity for our country to join the Schengen area. If you want domestic products to be better standardized, speed up the procedures and help with obtaining an “industrial visa-free” regime.
If you want to form a solid continental security system and create a common European army, help Ukraine in that respect. Provide it with modern weapons and open up the opportunity for us to participate in new EU security programs. This list is almost endless.
It would be another matter if Macron had offered real help, not a political cop out. It would be another matter entirely if Ukraine could become a participant in the EU's economic and security initiatives to speed up accession.
Scholz and, unfortunately, Macron seek to appease Putin. But the German and French elites are out of touch with reality.