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TOPIC: darfur


Sudan's Humanitarian Crisis Is Forcing Refugees To Cross Into Egypt

More than 14,000 Sudanese people have already crossed the border into neighboring Egypt to flee the conflict in their country. On arrival, they say there are chaotic scenes.

ASWAN — In a makeshift tent, as Nubian music buzzes in the background, Aïda Hussein prepares some “jabana." She sells this spiced coffee for a small sum to her compatriots, exhausted after their days-long ordeal escaping the violent battles that have shaken Sudan for more than two weeks.

The clashes between Abdel Fattah Al Burhan’s armed forces and Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo’s paramilitary Rapid Support Forces (RSF) have already killed more than 528 people and injured 4,599, according to official reports. The generals shared power following a coup in October of 2021. Egypt supports the Sudanese armed forces, despite not having officially positioned themselves in relation to the conflict.

Fighting continues despite a ceasefire. "The scale and speed at which events are unfolding in Sudan (are) unprecedented," the United Nations said in a statement on Sunday, before sending their chief of humanitarian affairs, Martin Griffiths, to the region.

While most of the 75,000 people who fled according to the International Organization for Migration (IOM) are internally displaced, some were able to take refuge abroad. According to the Egyptian authorities, more than 14,000 Sudanese nationals crossed into Egypt last week.

They arrived through one of two border crossings. Some 20,000 people have also taken refuge in Chad, very close to western Darfur. Another 6,000 have taken refuge in the Central African Republic, while others have gone to Ethiopia.

One of the first drop-off points for refugees is Karkar’s bus station. It is a three-hour drive from the border and around 30 kilometers south of the touristic city of Aswan. New arrivals describe a chaotic reception, a situation they did not expect from a combat-free zone.

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How Fighting In Sudan Could Reignite The Darfur Conflict

Sudan is descending into all-out civil war. This risks upsetting the fragile peace in Darfur, raising the specter of more atrocities and massacres.


PARIS Ceasefires come and go, providing just a pause amid relentless fighting.

Nothing stops the two forces that have turned Khartoum and parts of Sudan into battlefields: the two generals who are fighting each other — army chief Abdel Fattah al-Burhan and paramilitary leader Mohamed Hamdan Daglo, also known as Hemetti — are mortal enemies who swear they will not negotiate.

Foreign nationals have been evacuated, and the civilian population hides or flees when they can to neighboring countries. The United Nations issue warnings of a large-scale humanitarian disaster; Sudan is approaching a "breaking point," according to the UN humanitarian affairs chief.

But Sudan may only be at the beginning of an even greater tragedy. The news from Darfur, the westernmost region of Sudan on the border with Chad, is alarming. Reports indicate renewed fighting between armed groups that rekindle the specter of massacres from the 2000s.

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