Smarter Cities

Smart Cities: Thinking Electricity, Mexican Bike Vests, Korean Internet

Here is a preview of our exclusive newsletter to keep up-to-date and stay inspired by Smart City innovations from around the world.

The port of Sekondi, Ghana
Emily Liedel

JOURNALISTIC EXCELLENCE · TRANSLATED INTELLIGENCE
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Among the challenges of designing smarter cities is how to integrate existing infrastructure and architecture into a new, more intelligent design. Each smart city initiative must be carefully customized to the specifics of the location, bearing in mind not just climate and sun exposure but also existing buildings and cultural practices. Even though this process can be time and labor intensive, it is almost always preferable to destroying historic cities in the name of progress.


Part of the allure of planned smart cities, such as the one in Songdo, South Korea, is that they aren’t burdened by history. Yet these top-down cities are rarely as attractive to real residents in real life as they are in computer simulations and promotional videos.


Occasionally, there are projects that offer a middle ground, when a location has proven appeal but the infrastructure isn’t worth preserving. This week, in addition to other smart city news, we’ll look at a project in Cyprus that aims to turn an abandoned seaside city into a model eco-town after 40 years of neglect. We’ll also tell you about Chinese Internet speeds, Mexican bike vests and smarter electricity networks.


— Emily Liedel

​


NEVER SEE RED

In Newcastle, England, a pilot project with Siemens has outfitted all of the city’s ambulances with displays that communicate with traffic signals and give each vehicle customized recommendations about how fast to drive, so that they can get to their destination as fast as possible. The program director estimates that it has led to a 10% reduction in travel time, Hamburger Handelsblatt reports (German). In the future, similar technology could be used to help mitigate traffic for all vehicles in the city.

VERBATIM

“Cities should also learn from each other,” German smart cities researcher Joerg Firnkorn said in an interview with with Atelier.net (French). Toward that end, he recommends Citymart, a platform that allows cities to share best practices with one another.


SAFE RIDE

A group of students in Mexico has developed Safe Ride, a smart vest for cyclists. The vest is outfitted with LED lights that are illuminated when the biker moves his or her arm to indicate a turn, as well as with regular lights for visibility, Dinero En Imagen reports (Spanish). There is also a sensor that can detect when the bike experiences a change in acceleration — in the case of an accident, for example — and notify through Twitter those who are hooked into the program .

REBUILDING A FANTOM

The Cypriot city of Varosha was once the “pearl” of the island, with white sand and crystal clear water. But in 1974, when Cyprus was invaded by the Turkish army, Varosha was sealed to the world and its residents were evicted. After 40 years of neglect, the city is deteriorating. One former resident, though, wants to see it rebuilt as a model eco-city, i24 News reports (French). The idea is to create a smart city that takes advantage of the island’s natural resources and uses thoughtful design to avoid many of the mistakes in urban planning that were common in Cyprus.

This is an excerpt of our Smart Cities newsletter. To receive the full version each week, go to VIP signup here.

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Economy

European Debt? The First Question For Merkel's Successor

Across southern Europe, all eyes are on the German elections, as they hope a change of government might bring about reforms to the EU Stability Pact.

Angela Merkel at a campaign event of CDU party, Stralsund, Sep 2021

Tobias Kaiser, Virginia Kirst, Martina Meister


-Analysis-

BERLIN — Finance Minister Olaf Scholz (SPD) is the front-runner, according to recent polls, to become Germany's next chancellor. Little wonder then that he's attracting attention not just within the country, but from neighbors across Europe who are watching and listening to his every word.

That was certainly the case this past weekend in Brdo, Slovenia, where the minister met with his European counterparts. And of particular interest for those in attendance is where Scholz stands on the issue of debt-rule reform for the eurozone, a subject that is expected to be hotly debated among EU members in the coming months.

France, which holds its own elections early next year, has already made its position clear. "When it comes to the Stability and Growth Pact, we need new rules," said Bruno Le Maire, France's minister of the economy and finance, at the meeting in Slovenia. "We need simpler rules that take the economic reality into account. That is what France will be arguing for in the coming weeks."

The economic reality for eurozone countries is an average national debt of 100% of GDP. Only Luxemburg is currently meeting the two central requirements of the Maastricht Treaty: That national debt must be less than 60% of GDP and the deficit should be no more than 3%. For the moment, these rules have been set aside due to the coronavirus crisis, but next year national leaders must decide how to go forward and whether the rules should be reinstated in 2023.

Europe's north-south divide lives on

The debate looks set to be intense. Fiscally conservative countries, above all Austria and the Netherlands, are against relaxing the rules as they recently made very clear in a joint position paper on the subject. In contrast, southern European countries that are dealing with high levels of national debt believe that now is the moment to relax the rules.

Those governments are calling for countries to be given more freedom over their levels of national debt so that the economy, which is recovering remarkably quickly thanks to coronavirus spending and the European Central Bank's relaxation of its fiscal policy, can continue to grow.

Despite its clear stance on the issue, Paris hasn't yet gone on the offensive.

The rules must be "adapted to fit the new reality," said Spanish Finance Minister Nadia Calviño in Brdo. She says the eurozone needs "new rules that work." Her Belgian counterpart agreed. The national debts in both countries currently stand at over 100% of GDP. The same is true of France, Italy, Portugal, Greece and Cyprus.

Officials there will be keeping a close eye on the German elections — and the subsequent coalition negotiations. Along with France, Germany still sets the tone in the EU, and Berlin's stance on the brewing conflict will depend largely on what the coalition government looks like.

A key question is which party Germany's next finance minister comes from. In their election campaign, the Greens have called for the debt rules to be revised so that in the future they support rather than hinder public investment. The FDP, however, wants to reinstate the Maastricht Treaty rules exactly as they were and ensure they are more strictly enforced than before.

This demand is unlikely to gain traction at the EU level because too many countries would still be breaking the rules for years to come. There is already a consensus that they should be reformed; what is still at stake is how far these reforms should go.

Mario Draghi on stage in Bologna

Prime Minister Mario Draghi at an event in Bologna, Italy — Photo: Brancolini/ROPI/ZUMA

Time for Draghi to step up?

Despite its clear stance on the issue, Paris hasn't yet gone on the offensive. That having been said, starting in January, France will take over the presidency of the EU Council for a period that will coincide with its presidential election campaign. And it's likely that Macron's main rival, right-wing populist Marine Le Pen, will put the reforms front and center, especially since she has long argued against Germany and in favor of more freedom.

Rome is putting its faith in the negotiating skills of Prime Minister Mario Draghi, a former head of the European Central Bank. Draghi is a respected EU finance expert at the debating table and can be of great service to Italy precisely at a moment when Merkel's departure may see Germany represented by a politician with less experience at these kinds of drawn-out summits, where discussions go on long into the night.

The Stability and Growth pact may survive unscathed.

Regardless of how heated the debates turn out to be, the Stability and Growth Pact may well survive the conflict unscathed, as its symbolic value may make revising the agreement itself practically impossible. Instead, the aim will be to rewrite the rules that govern how the Pact should be interpreted: regulations, in other words, about how the deficit and national debt should be calculated.

One possible change would be to allow future borrowing for environmental investments to be discounted. France is not alone in calling for that. European Commissioner for Economy Paolo Gentiloni has also added his voice.

The European Commission is assuming that the debate may drag on for some time. The rules — set aside during the pandemic — are supposed to come into force again at the start of 2023.

The Commission is already preparing for the possibility that they could be reactivated without any reforms. They are investigating how the flexibility that has already been built into the debt laws could be used to ensure that a large swathe of eurozone countries don't automatically find themselves contravening them, representatives explained.

The Commission will present its recommendations for reforms, which will serve as a basis for the countries' negotiations, in December. By that point, the results of the German elections will be known, as well as possibly the coalition negotiations. And we might have a clearer idea of how intense the fight over Europe's debt rules could become — and whether the hopes of the southern countries could become reality.

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