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This Happened—November 23: People's Republic Comes To The UN

Following a long series of voting, and two decades after its founding, the People's Republic of China finally gains recognition and joins the United Nations.

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When did the People’s Republic of China join the UN?

The Republic of China joined the UN when it was founded in 1945, along with all of the other Allied countries from World War II. But, just four years later China experienced a communist revolution during the Chinese Civil War which led to the establishment of the new People’s Republic of China in 1949.

Was the People's Republic of China originally allowed to join?

The People’s Republic of China struggled for 21 years to achieve recognition and legitimacy in the UN, which recognized the Republic of China, aka, Taiwan, as the legitimate Chinese representatives. until U.S. President Richard Nixon finally opened negotiations with then Chairman Mao Zedong of the Chinese Communist Party. Albania had been putting forth yearly motions to replace the Republic with the People’s Republic for years, but this time the U.S. was onboard. In 1971, the People’s Republic of China finally became a member of the UN, and one of five permanent members on the UN Security Council, a seat which it has now held for over 50 years.

How was the People's Republic of China formed?

As the Republic of China essentially operated out of the island of Taiwan, the People’s Republic of China became the undisputed governing body of mainland China, yet the UN continued to recognize the old Republic of China due to its more closely aligned ideology.

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Fighting The Russian Army's Systematic Campaign Of Sexual Violence In Ukraine

Hundreds of sexual crimes have been officially reported in Ukraine following the full-scale invasion by the Russian army, though the actual number is likely 10 times higher. Ukrainian news website Livy Bereg explores how the nation is documenting the crimes and responding to support victims and bring perpetrators to justice.

Photo of a psychologist speaking with trauma victims sat on a bench in a park

Natalia Potseluieva (right), a trauma-focused psychologist, working with rape victims

Anna Steshenko

KYIV — Let's start with the official numbers. Since the full-scale Russian invasion began in February 2022, the Ukrainian Prosecutor General’s Office has recorded 231 instances of conflict-related sexual violence. The aggressors target all demographic groups: men, women, children, and the elderly.

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Behind the official statistics are disturbing details, with 149 cases involving women and 82 cases involving men. Thirteen of the victims were minors, with 12 being girls and one a boy who also bore witness to his mother being raped. The youngest victim is 4 years old, while the oldest survivor is an 82-year-old female pensioner.

And these are only the officially documented cases. The actual number is likely to be 10 times higher.

Survivors often hesitate to speak out due to fear, trauma, and the social stigma attached to such incidents. This is changing, however, as more survivors of sexual abuse are coming forward to share their stories and receive the comprehensive legal, humanitarian, psychological, and medical support they need.

Mass sexual assault occurs wherever the Russian occupiers set foot. Most cases of sexual crimes have been documented in the de-occupied territories of the Kherson region. Following that are the Donetsk (55), Kyiv (52), Kharkiv (21), Zaporizhzhia (15), Chernihiv (5), Luhansk (3), and Sumy (2) regions.

“Ukraine needs to liberate its occupied territories to be able to work with all the victims,” says Iryna Didenko, who heads the Department of the Office of the Prosecutor General investigating such crimes.

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