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Election Year In Turkey: End Of An Era For Erdoğan?

Turkey heads to the polls in June in elections that decide the country's future direction. It is a referendum on President Erdoğan, but also a challenge for the divided opposition. Much is at stake in a country roiled by multiple crises and declining trust in its leaders.

Election Year In Turkey: End Of An Era For Erdoğan?

At a protest against the imprisonment and political ban of Istanbul mayor Ekrem Imamoglu, who was seen as a potential candidate in the next elections

Bekir Ağırdır


ISTANBUL — Both the world and Turkey are struggling with crises. Global clashes of politics, economics and cultures are reflected in every aspect of our lives. As humanity attempts to move from an industrialized to information society, a series of crises of climate change, food and energy shortages, and regional and global migration undermine our very foundations.

Turkey is facing these multiple crises with its old institutions and rules. It has not yet had the transformations of mentality in terms of education, law, secularist state and gender equality that are the requirements of the industrial age. What’s more, Turkey has to handle the uncertainty and chaos of this tangle of crises with politicians who are unable to overcome their mindsets of political polarization and identity politics.

While the pandemic and the following economic crisis have started to silence the identity politics and given a louder voice to the issues of class tension, injustice and poverty, politicians once again drag us towards identity and polarization.

The opposition parties in Turkey cannot find time to compete with the government, led by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan who has held power since 2014, as they are busy fighting among themselves. People are trying to get rid of the heavy chains of polarization and identities, but politics is putting them back in chains.

We are in a maelstrom in Turkey. The cost of living and poverty are high while hope for tomorrow is low. Honest work and morals are no longer favored for climbing up the social ladder, nor are they effective. Poverty is spreading, deepening, being transferred between generations.

Divided nation

We have come a very long way. Society has changed, but we still debate the same subjects, such as the rule of the law, secularism, education, social justice, and the Kurdish issue. We still cannot even condemn the sexual abuse of a minor unanimously. We have lost our shared vision. We cannot even share the same feelings or joy in a song or a joke.

We have collected many disappointments. Also, we learned to delay our hopes. Now, as we start a new year, my new year’s wish is not to leave our hopes as our legacy. Let us not only rely on the ingenuity of the political leaders to make our dreams happen. Let us not wrongly believe that we will elect a president and everything will be alright. Let us know that we will experience whatever we are going to experience in this country thanks to the involvement and efforts of each of us.

We have learned things from such disappointments. We have our experiences, our collective memory. Never believe those who say society has a short memory: the memory is not short, but people are afraid to remember. People are pretending to have forgotten things because they are not sure about how to deal with them when they remember.

Trust issues

Nobody has forgotten our shared tragedies.

We can force a new story upon the political actors instead of asking them who their candidate will be

Of course, society has stereotypes, too. Its connection to reality has been disrupted. People may believe that the COVID-19 vaccines are manipulating our genes, but the majority of the people have nothing to do with such nonsense. People are against other people who are different to them when they are asked who do they would want as neighbors or business partners, but that’s the same everywhere in the world.

For example, almost five percent of Turkish people say they would not want to be in-laws with the people who vote for the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) or the main opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP). Trust is always low in such polls. But, take a look around, does anybody file for a divorce because their in-laws are voting for the other party?

Our people are eager to be individuals, but wary of being citizens. . People do not do certain things because the institutions are lacking, because they do not trust in the rule of law, because they fear how the police and judges would treat them according to how they are dressed, because they are afraid in the streets.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan speaks to the media after a cabinet meeting in Ankara

Turkish Presidency/APA Images/ZUMA

Weight of a vote

Society needs to put in effort to escape this gridlock. A belief in the future, a shared life and a shared horizon is required for that effort. People should believe that this can be done by politics; that they can exist in this shared future as themselves with their identities, beliefs and choices.

The election process of 2023, for the presidential and parliamentary elections, can be an opportunity. Polls predict that even if President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan wins the presidential election, his party almost certainly won’t have the majority in the parliament.

On the other hand, if the opposition alliance of six parties (led by the CHP and the IYI Party) wins the presidency, they won’t win the majority from the parliamentary elections either. The opposition can have the simple parliamentary majority if the other alliance of six parties (led by the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party or HDP) supports them.

But a return to the parliamentary system for Turkey from Erdoğan’s current grip on power requires an absolute majority in the parliament, which can only be achieved with a consensus among these twelve.

These odds may look bad today, but maybe this can be a historical opportunity for the country.

Turkey’s political culture and style may be forced to change by the risks and opportunities brought by global conflict. We can force that change. We can force a new story upon the political actors instead of asking them who their candidate will be.

These next elections will decide our future. Do we consider ourselves worthy of a shared future with institutions and rules while leaning on universal truths and the right to a dignified life?

Thirst for justice

The people of this country want justice. The poor want justice of income; youth and women want the justice in representation; the Kurds want justice for the recognition of their existences. But everybody wants justice.

These next elections will decide our future

At the same time, everybody prioritizes the health and order of their own households. People want to be involved in production, share the wealth and have better economic growth and fairer distribution of income. Also, everybody is scared to death of climate change, drought, the food crisis, homelessness and being old and needy of care. Believe me, it does not matter being a Turk or Kurd, religious or atheist, man or woman, educated or uneducated when it comes to these fears. Everybody wants civilization, prosperity and justice.

What we can do, and should do, is to force the politicians. We should try to be involved and active in politics. Besides that, we should fight against the society’s fears and inaccurate beliefs instead of mocking them or ignoring them. More importantly, we should believe in this country, this society and the shared future.

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Ancient Tradition Or Child Labor? Riding With The Child Jockeys Of Mongolia

Horse racing is a time-honored tradition that often uses children as jockeys, despite the nation’s minimum working age laws — and the inherent dangers.

Two child jockeys in racing attire, on their horses, preparing to race.

Child jockeys Usukh-Erdene Battulga, left, and Buyanjargal Buyandelger, both 9, prepare to race during the Naadam Festival in Arkhangai province in July.

Odonchimeg Batsukh, GPJ MONGOLIA
Khorloo Khukhnokhoi and Odonchimeg Batsukh

URGUUTIIN TAL, MONGOLIA — Soyombo Myagmarsuren, 13, began racing when he turned 6, following in the footsteps of generations of horse trainers. “I love horses,” he says, beaming with pride. “It is cool to gallop on a horse mane until the wind whistles.”

These days, Soyombo walks with a limp. Last winter, he fell from a horse while training for a race.

So he did not race competitively in this year’s Naadam, a summer celebration of Mongolian sovereignty believed to have existed since the second century B.C. and held regularly since 1639. The internationally recognized celebration is referred to locally as the “Three Games of Men,” given its showcase of wrestling, archery and horse racing.

These sports symbolize strength, wisdom and courage, respectively. (Despite the name, women and girls now also compete in the latter two.)

In the races, horses run courses of 12 to 26 kilometers (7 to 16 miles) across the steppe, depending on the animal’s age. And on their backs it is young boys and girls like Soyombo, typically between the ages of 6 and 13, whose courage is on display.

Child jockeys — preferred because they do not weigh down horses — are integral to Mongolian horse racing. Mongolian law now stipulates that jockeys competing at Naadam should be no younger than 8 — despite the legal working age being 16 — and forbids racing and long-distance training during winter. But rights activists say these regulations are frequently flouted.

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