Four Years, 100 Days: The Hard Work Of Popes And Presidents

No pause for president or pope
No pause for president or pope
Roy Greenburgh


Buenos Aires, 2013. At the ripe age of 76, Jorge Mario Bergoglio seems destined to wind down an illustrious career in the Catholic hierarchy as the widely respected and mostly beloved Archbishop of the Argentine capital. But the Holy Spirit (and the College of Cardinals) was destined to intervene, sending the Jesuit prelate to become the 266th Pope of the Roman Catholic Church.

Today, four years into his papacy, Francis, now 80, is on yet another far-flung mission impossible. His two-day visit to Egypt comes three weeks after a terrorist attack on a Coptic Christian church killed 44 on Palm Sunday. The manipulation of faith to provoke violence is one of the great plagues of our times. And though there seems to be little that either religious or political leaders can add to what has already been said, Francis is making the trip to say it again. That's what popes do.

Francis, himself, confessed earlier this year to not really enjoying travel, in an interview with La Stampa"s Vatican correspondent Andrea Tornielli. "When I was in Buenos Aires, I would come to Rome only if necessary, and would avoid going if I could. It was always hard on me being away from my diocese," he said. "Beyond that, I'm mostly a creature of habit."

But in the first months of his papacy, seeing reports of migrants dying trying to reach the Italian island of Lampedusa, Francis realized he had to visit such places "to encourage the seeds of hope." In 18 separate trips, he has now visited 28 countries outside of Italy since his election. Yes indeed, this is what popes do.

New York, 2015. At the nearly ripe age of 68, Donald J. Trump figures a no-holds-barred run for the White House is the ideal marketing campaign to cap an illustrious career of putting his name and face in the spotlight. A perfect storm of populist anger and weak opponents (and the Electoral College) was destined to intervene, sending the slightly stunned real estate baron to Washington to become the 45th President of the United States of America.

Saturday marks the 100th day of this most unlikely presidency. In a series of interviews, Trump, now 70, has been touting his achievements as only a lifelong adman knows how. Whether it stacks up with reality is a source of hot debate online and off. But another, perhaps more revealing moment in his 100-day sales pitch came when he confessed to feeling, well, overworked.

"I loved my previous life. I had so many things going," Trump told Reuters in an interview Thursday. "This is more work than in my previous life. I thought it would be easier. I do miss my old life. This — I like to work. But this is actually more work."

Trump was also adjusting to the security constraints of being president, including being able to get in his own car. "I like to drive," he said. "I can't drive any more."

As far as longer travel goes, Trump's first foreign trip is upcoming, to Italy, as it turns out, for next month's G7 summit. In the meantime, he has flown down to Florida to play golf at his own private country club 18 times. That's what real estate barons who become presidents do.

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How China Flipped From Tech Copycat To Tech Leader

Long perceived as a country chasing Western tech, China's business and technological innovations are now influencing the rest of the world. Still lagging on some fronts, the future is now up for grabs.

At the World Semiconductor Conference in Nanjing, China, on June 9

Emmanuel Grasland

BEIJING — China's tech tycoons have fallen out of favor: Jack Ma (Alibaba), Colin Huang (Pinduoduo), Richard Liu (Tencent) and Zhang Yiming (ByteDance) have all been pressured by Beijing to leave their jobs or step back from a public role. Their time may be coming to an end, but the legacy remains exceptional. Under their reign, China has become a veritable window to the global future of technology.

TikTok is the perfect example. Launched in 2016, the video messaging app has been downloaded over two billion times worldwide. It has passed the 100-million active user mark in the United States. Thanks to TikTok's success, ByteDance, its parent company, has reached an exceptional level of influence on the internet.

For a long time, the West viewed China's digital ecosystem as a cheap imitation of Silicon Valley. The European and American media described the giants of the Asian superpower as the "Chinese Google" or "Chinese Amazon." But the tables have turned.

No Western equivalent to WeChat

The Asian superpower has forged cutting-edge business models that do not exist elsewhere. It is impossible to find a Western equivalent to the WeChat super-app (1.2 billion users), which is used for shopping as much as for making a medical appointment or obtaining credit.

The flow of innovation is now changing direction.

The roles have actually reversed: In a recent article, Les Echos describes the California-based social network IRL, as a "WeChat of the Western world."

Grégory Boutté, digital and customer relations director at the multinational luxury group Kering, explains, "The Chinese digital ecosystem is incredibly different, and its speed of evolution is impressive. Above all, the flow of innovation is now changing direction."

This is illustrated by the recent creation of "live shopping" events in France, which are hosted by celebrities and taken from a concept already popular in China.

10,000 new startups per day

There is an explosion of this phenomenon in the digital sphere. Rachel Daydou, Partner & China General Manager of the consulting firm Fabernovel in Shanghai, says, "With Libra, Facebook is trying to create a financial entity based on social media, just as WeChat did with WeChat Pay. Facebook Shop looks suspiciously like WeChat's mini-programs. Amazon Live is inspired by Taobao Live and YouTube Shopping by Douyin, the Chinese equivalent of TikTok."

In China, it is possible to go to fully robotized restaurants or to give a panhandler some change via mobile payment. Your wallet is destined to be obsolete because your phone can read restaurant menus and pay for your meal via a QR Code.

The country uses shared mobile chargers the way Europeans use bicycles, and is already testing electric car battery swap stations to avoid 30 minutes of recharging time.

Michael David, chief omnichannel director at LVMH, says, "The Chinese ecosystem is permanently bubbling with innovation. About 10,000 start-ups are created every day in the country."

China is also the most advanced country in the electric car market. With 370 models at the end of 2020, it had an offering that was almost twice as large as Europe's, according to the International Energy Agency.

Photo of a phone's screen displaying the logo of \u200bChina's super-app WeChat

China's super-app WeChat

Omar Marques/SOPA Images/ZUMA

The whole market runs on tech

Luca de Meo, CEO of French automaker Renault, said in June that China is "ahead of Europe in many areas, whether it's electric cars, connectivity or autonomous driving. You have to be there to know what's going on."

As a market, China is also a source of technological inspiration for Western companies, a world leader in e-commerce, solar, mobile payments, digital currency and facial recognition. It has the largest 5G network, with more than one million antennas up and running, compared to 400,000 in Europe.

Self-driving cars offer an interesting point of divergence between China and the West.

Just take the number of connected devices (1.1 billion), the time spent on mobile (six hours per day) and, above all, the magnitude of data collected to deploy and improve artificial intelligence algorithms faster than in Europe or the United States.

The groundbreaking field of self-driving cars offers an interesting point of divergence between China and the West. Artificial intelligence guru Kai-Fu Lee explains that China believes that we should teach the highway to speak to the car, imagining new services and rethinking cities to avoid cars crossing pedestrians, while the West does not intend to go that far.

Still lagging in some key sectors

There are areas where China is still struggling, such as semiconductors. Despite a production increase of nearly 50% per year, the country produces less than 40% of the chips it consumes, according to official data. This dependence threatens its ambitions in artificial intelligence, telecoms and autonomous vehicles. Chinese manufacturers work with an engraving fineness of 28 nm or more, far from those of Intel, Samsung or TSMC. They are unable to produce processors for high-performance PCs.

China's aerospace industry is also lagging behind the West. There are also no Chinese players among the top 20 life science companies on the stock market and there are doubts surrounding the efficacy of Sinovac and Sinopharm's COVID-19 vaccines. As of 2019, the country files more patents per year than the U.S., but far fewer are converted into marketable products.

Beijing knows its weaknesses and is working to eliminate them. Adopted in March, the nation's 14th five-year plan calls for a 7% annual increase in R&D spending between now and 2025, compared with 12% under the previous plan. Big data aside, that is basic math anyone can understand.
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