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Erdogan's Cynical Call To Grant Citizenship To Syrian Refugees

Syrian refugees in the Turkish border town of Kilis
Syrian refugees in the Turkish border town of Kilis
Mine Sogut

Since the start of Syria's civil war in 2011, more than 2.7 million Syrians have registered as refugees in neighboring Turkey, making it the largest host country for Syrian asylum seekers. The influx, combined with a rise in terrorist attacks in the country, have become pressing issues in Turkish politics.


ISTANBUL — Refugees… They are either drowning in the sea, or a burden on public finances. Their flight from war and drift to someone else's land only requires the art of reconstructing reality. We can write poems about them, take photographs, shoot movies, and conceptualize them until it becomes a work of fiction. But when it comes to pure reality, they stop being human beings and become numbers instead in the lives of us all.

There is, it seems, no shame from those getting rich off war and trying to use the agony of others to accumulate more profit. Then we stand in the face of the bombshell decision of Turkey's government, which flatters itself by presenting all its failures as success stories, to promise Turkish citizenship to Syrian refugees. For a person who thinks it's an accomplishment to govern a country like a company, it is customary to attempt major moves at the expense of the public alongside his own position and power.

Our leader President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is busy writing his subjective history. With the simplest calculation, he dreams of turning the Syrian population into an electoral advantage with this impromptu offer of citizenship. For years, he played with the fate of those people, and his own, without any sign of humanitarianism or ethics, but only with profit and loss calculations. He is still playing the same game.

Those who start wars and their subcontractors think that they have the right to play with people's lives. But if they dug under the surface of the civilization they inherited, they would see their dead ancestors still lying underneath the debris of this system and hear the stories of what has happened and what will happen to them.

We are all grandchildren of those countless people who were forced to flee their homelands in the South, North, West, and East during a time of war. The place we call our home is our motherland today, but is actually just a big lie, like ethnicity and religion. These lands belonged to someone else yesterday, are ours today, and will wind up somewhere else tomorrow.

It is tradition to visit the graves of relatives after the holy month of Ramadan. This time, visit the lost graves of your grandfathers and grandmothers, of their mothers and fathers, and of their mothers and fathers. Think of what's going on today in terms of the stories of your distant ancestors.

Where are you from?

Where is your father's side from? What about your mother's side? How many members of your family died in war or were held captive? How many went missing? How many of those were lost on the road during an attempt at migrating, or maybe couldn't handle the circumstances and went crazy? What about the population exchanges, exiles, just plain misery? Why did your lost predecessors travel all that way from the moment they were born until their death? What did they lose along the way?

This is the way human beings reproduce: By killing and oppressing one another. So, they always reproduce as they risk being diminished. The beliefs change, as does the language, and the skin color. Only the idea is fixed and dangerous. We are all survivors of wars, but we still consider ourselves different from one another.

Now, we look at all those refugees from a distance and think that they are not one of us. From a humanitarian perspective, we want to accept refugees as our own and make room in our lives for them. But from a political perspective we are opposed to it.

Yes, we are right to be opposed, because today, the leaders are loading the dice and taking an ugly and dangerous political gamble with millions of people's lives at stake. Still, trying to keep the refugees out of our lives is not the right response. Instead, we should keep the current government out of our lives. And war, which makes us believe that we are different and always right, should never be used by the government in power to dictate our conscience.

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Lithium Mines In Europe? A New World Of Supply-Chain Sovereignty

The European Union has a new plan that challenges the long-established dogmas of globalization, with its just-in-time supply chains and outsourcing the "dirty" work to the developing world.

Photo of an open cast mine in Kalgoorlie, Australia.

Open cast mine in Kalgoorlie, Australia.

Pierre Haski


PARIS — It is one of the great paradoxes of our time: in order to overcome some of our dependencies and vulnerabilities — revealed in crises like COVID and the war in Ukraine — we risk falling into other dependencies that are no less toxic. The ecological transition, the digitalization of our economy, or increased defense needs, all pose risks to our supply of strategic minerals.

The European Commission published a plan this week to escape this fate by setting realistic objectives within a relatively short time frame, by the end of this decade.

This plan goes against the dogmas of globalization of the past 30 or 40 years, which relied on just-in-time supply chains from one end of the planet to the other — and, if we're being honest, outsourced the least "clean" tasks, such as mining or refining minerals, to countries in the developing world.

But the pendulum is now swinging in the other direction, if possible under better environmental and social conditions. Will Europe be able to achieve these objectives while remaining within the bounds of both the ecological and digital transitions? That is the challenge.

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