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food / travel

Rome Wants To Pump New Life Into A Gladiator's Tomb And Ancient Villa

The statue of Augustus found in Livia's Villa, showing tourists the way
The statue of Augustus found in Livia's Villa, showing tourists the way
Flavia Amabile

ROME - Springtime at her villa must have been something beautiful indeed. Livia was the wife of the emperor Octavian, also known as Caesar Augustus, and her villa was surrounded by a breathtaking landscape that was unparalleled anywhere in the surrounding areas of Rome: hills, fields, and the Tiber river flowing by.

Built along the via expand=1] Flaminia, one of the most important arteries running between the imperial capital and the northern regions, the villa was a rather closely situated retreat for Livia to escape the bustle of Rome -- and occasionally for Augustus to also find some peace from the hectic life of emperor-ing.

With next year marking 2,000 years since the death of Augustus, plans are being pushed forward to reconstruct the Villa of Livia. “This project was, before anything, a dream -- we archeologists are dreamers,” said Marina Piranomonte, a supervising archeologist, who has spearheaded the initiative to rebuild the villa on the outskirts of modern-day Rome.

The project to bring the ancient villa back to life is part of a sputtering effort to turn the via Flaminia into a top new destination for tourists coming to Rome. Already, another of the ancient roads leading out of the city, Via Appia Antica (the Appian way), has become a major attraction after restoration work, thanks to the catacombs, the church of Domine Quo Vadis, and the circus of Maxentius.

But the road is still long to also put via Flaminia on visitors' itineraries.

In 2008 the discovery of the Tomb of the Gladiator was discovered here -- the mausoleum of Marco Nonio Macrino, who is most likely the person to have inspired Ridley Scott’s famous 2000 film Gladiator.

Gathering dust

Even though this made headlines all over the world, drawing attention to the possibility of an archeological park to showcase the tomb, the site remains untouched, just covered by a sheet. One million euros were spent unearthing and restoring this precious tomb that was buried seven meters below, but it needs another three million euros to build a museum that can accomodate visitors.

“We’re working out how to raise the funds. We’re open to all possibilities,” says Daniela Rossi, in charge of the site.

Further along the via Flaminia, hidden underneath a maze of flyovers and landfills, is a bridge -- the same one used by Augustus when he went to visit Livia, as well as by the troops of the Emperor Maxentius in the battle of Ponte Milvio against Constantine.

After the waste was cleaned up in 2005, the Italian road-cleaning company ANAS promised to create an archeological park. But they were just more words that were never followed through on.

Onwards, and on the opposite side of the river, you can’t miss the huge tufa mounds that once held up a large mausoleum where the Romans buried their dead. The homeless had been using it as a shelter, but two years ago it was cleaned up at a price of 300,000 euros. Today, the area appears beautiful on the outside, but in the grottoes, down in the lowest part, the homeless people have returned.

“I’m optimistic,” says Rossi. “For me, via Flaminia is an occasion that we must capitalize on. And we will, thanks to the help of the private sector. We can do it, the park project is not dead.”

Like a board game in which you always risk returning back to square one, hopefully via Flaminia will not just another road of missed opportunities.

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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

Zaluzhny vs. Zelensky: Ukraine's Heavyweight Feud Puts The War At Risk

Tensions keep brewing between Ukrainian President, Volodymyr Zelensky, and his military chief, Valerii Zaluzhny. Coming at a critical point in the war's deadlock, the disputes risk undermining Ukrainian unity and playing into Russia's hands.

Photograph of the Ukraine Armed Forces Valeriy Zaluzhny  saluting in uniform

February 24, 2023, Kyiv: Commander-in-Chief of Ukraine Armed Forces Valeriy Zaluzhny salutes during ceremonies marking the 1st anniversary of the Russian invasion

Ukrainian Presidents Office/ZUMA
Roman Romaniuk & Roman Kravets,


KYIV — On November 20, Pentagon chief Lloyd Austin made an unannounced visit to Ukraine.

Austin's arrival was initially intended as a show of respect to Ukrainian war heroes and a reaffirmation of Washington's steadfast support for Kyiv. However, this visit inadvertently exacerbated tensions between Ukraine’s top military leader, Valerii Zaluzhny, and its President, Volodymyr Zelensky.

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"After Austin's arrival,” one Ukrainian government insider revealed, “it seemed Zelensky was suddenly about to replace Zaluzhny. Eventually, though, their conflicts faded away, and were replaced by sarcastic banter.”

Recent weeks have seen global media outlets reporting on the details of the "conflict" between the Ukrainian president and the Armed Forces head. In response, the President’s Office dismissed all such claims as Russian propaganda.

Amidst the ongoing threat looming over Ukraine, disputes between the country's top leaders aren't surprising. Such disagreements can even be seen as part of the carrying out of any war.

The root of tensions between the nation's president and its ranking head of the Armed Forces, can be traced to a complicated blend of war and politics. Zelensky's involvement in military planning and command during the war has caused friction as he's integrated political elements into the traditionally apolitical sphere of the army, inadvertently making Zaluzhny a visible figure in the political arena.

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