food / travel

Going For Broke, One Woman's 320-Euro Trip Around The World

Sarah Gysler, the broke traveller
Sarah Gysler, the broke traveller
Esther Paolini

LAUSANNE — First you notice all the tattoos, including one drawn with bamboo by members of a Fillipino tribe. But Sarah Gysler is far from the archetypal modern trend setter.

The 23-year-old Swiss woman doesn't have a Snapchat account or an Instagram profile filled with retouched pictures. She doesn't even have a smartphone. What she does have are a lifetime worth of memories built up in just a few months — since Dec. 8 — when she began an around-the-world adventure that has so far taken her 12,000 kilometers and, amazingly, cost her just 320 euros.

This empty-pockets explorer describes her moneyless adventure "the ultimate retreat." And yet she does stay connected — through a blog she updates from time to time, and on Facebook, which she uses to highlight certain memorable moments, like the time her family sent her a package of moldy cheese.

I'd like to think my journey and my experiences motivate, inspire, or at least comfort other people.

When she hitchhiked out of her small village near Lausanne on that early December night, heading for Spain via France, she took just a few clothes, an iPod, a harmonica and a camera, so she could record her first encounters. By Christmas, she'd reached Granada. But that's when things got a little complicated.

"I was stranded 48 hours in Granada waiting for someone to give me a ride. Nobody seemed willing to drive with me. Then, I continued my way south to reach Gibraltar on Jan. 1 after spending New Year's Eve on my own. I made camp in Tarifa, Europe's southernmost village," she explains.

The bare minimum Photo: Sarah Gysler/Facebook

On a previous trip, in 2015, Sarah crossed the continent to reach North Cape, Europe's northernmost point, in Norway. "This time, I wanted to reach the other end," she says. "It was a sort of pilgrimage. I got to Tariga late in the afternoon, lit a fire, made myself some tea, and I slept below the stars, on the ground."

Her iPod provides the soundtrack to her travels and doubles up as a companion. Leaving alone had been a natural choice at first — "A call to discover my desires, my dreams, my freedom," Sarah explains. Since then, it's become a real "commitment," a way to escape life's "straight-jackets' while proving that solitude isn't "some monster you need to face or an incurable disease."

Instead, spending so much time alone has been a blessing, helping her become more benevolent and humble, she says. Both qualities proved very useful indeed when Sarah was crossing the Atlantic Ocean with an Australian family she met in Gibraltar, on their boat. She did her share of daily chores and gave private lessons to their daughter, Teagen. A first for Sarah, who'd never gone on a cruise before and didn't have her sea legs.

The adventurer publishes all her pieces of advice and anecdotes regarding boat hitchhiking on her blog. But while social networks are all about immediateness, Sarah affords herself "the luxury of slowness." She wrote the article about her transatlantic cruise months after it had happened.

"Blogging is a way to write later," she says. "On the spot, you don't always have the necessary hindsight. Sometimes, you need time to understand how a certain experience has affected you."

There are also practical reasons why it took her so long to post: For several months she couldn't get her hands on a laptop. She finally bought one for 50 euros, a gift from her mother. She also uses her Facebook account to update followers about her latest adventures. "I'd like to think my journey and my experiences motivate, inspire, or at least comfort other people," she says. That may very well be the case given the growing number of comments on her page.

Next stop... New Zealand

After she reached the West Indies, Sarah sailed from island to island. From Barbados she sailed to the Grenadines aboard a new boat: the Walden. Later she went to the Dominican Republic and finally Guadeloupe. Wherever she stays, she offers to take care of the children and do chores in exchange for a place to sleep. For her, it's a way of rediscovering exchanges with strangers, a way to get to know them and the local customs.

"I don't have any guidebooks. I don't like them actually," Sarah explains. "They tell us where to look all the time. Supposedly they all direct you to unusual places, but I prefer to trust the locals."

Crossing the Atlantic Photo: Sarah Gysler/Facebook

Now, the only thing on the low-cost adventurer's mind is her "next expedition." She's already picturing herself teaching her vision, her way of exploring the world to anybody willing to listen, when she returns. "Why not organize internships or create an association where I would explain to struggling youths or adults the point about alternative traveling?"

But that's for later, much later. Sarah is, first of all, going to focus on learning Spanish and how to dance salsa in Latin America, before crossing the Pacific for a six-month trek in New Zealand.

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7 Ways The Pandemic May Change The Airline Industry For Good

Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.

Ready for (a different kind of) takeoff?

Carl-Johan Karlsson

It's hard to overstate the damage the pandemic has had on the airline industry, with global revenues dropping by 40% in 2020 and dozens of airlines around the world filing for bankruptcy. One moment last year when the gravity became particularly apparent was when Asian carriers (in countries with low COVID-19 rates) began offering "flights to nowhere" — starting and ending at the same airport as a way to earn some cash from would-be travelers who missed the in-flight experience.

More than a year later today, experts believe that air traffic won't return to normal levels until 2024.

But beyond the financial woes, the unprecedented slowdown in air travel may bring some silver linings as key aspects of the industry are bound to change once back in full spin, with some longer-term effects on aviation already emerging. Here are some major transformations to expect in the coming years:

Cleaner aviation fuel

The U.S. administration of President Joe Biden and the airline industry recently agreed to the ambitious goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050. Already in a decade, the U.S. aims to produce three billion gallons of sustainable fuel — about one-tenth of current total use — from waste, plants and other organic matter.

While greening the world's road transport has long been at the top of the climate agenda, aviation is not even included under the Paris Agreement. But with air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel.

Fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund.

In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials. Energy is supplied through wind turbines from the surrounding area, while the fuel's main ingredients are water and waste-generated CO2 coming from a nearby biogas plant.

Farther north, Norwegian Air Shuttle has recently submitted a recommendation to the government that fees imposed on the airline industry should be funneled into a climate fund aimed at developing cleaner aviation fuel, according to Norwegian news site E24. The airline also suggested that the government significantly reduce the tax burden on the industry over a longer period to allow airlines to recover from the pandemic.

Black-and-white photo of an ariplane shot from below flying across the sky and leaving condensation trails

High-flying ambitions for the sector

Joel & Jasmin Førestbird

Hydrogen and electrification

Some airline manufacturers are betting on hydrogen, with research suggesting that the abundant resource has the potential to match the flight distances and payload of a current fossil-fuel aircraft. If derived from renewable resources like sun and wind power, hydrogen — with an energy-density almost three times that of gasoline or diesel — could work as a fully sustainable aviation fuel that emits only water.

One example comes out of California, where fuel-cell specialist HyPoint has entered a partnership with Pennsylvania-based Piasecki Aircraft Corporation to manufacture 650-kilowatt hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircrafts. According to HyPoint, the system — scheduled for commercial availability product by 2025 — will have four times the energy density of existing lithium-ion batteries and double the specific power of existing hydrogen fuel-cell systems.

Meanwhile, Rolls-Royce is looking to smash the speed record of electrical flights with a newly designed 23-foot-long model. Christened the Spirit of Innovation, the small plane took off for the first time earlier this month and successfully managed a 15-minute long test flight. However, the company has announced plans to fly the machine faster than 300 mph (480 km/h) before the year is out, and also to sell similar propulsion systems to companies developing electrical air taxis or small commuter planes.

New aircraft designs

Airlines are also upgrading aircraft design to become more eco-friendly. Air France just received its first upgrade of a single-aisle, medium-haul aircraft in 33 years. Fleet director Nicolas Bertrand told French daily Les Echos that the new A220 — that will replace the old A320 model — will reduce operating costs by 10%, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by 20% and noise footprint by 34%.

International first class will be very nearly a thing of the past.

The pandemic has also ushered in a new era of consumer demand where privacy and personal space is put above luxury. The retirement of older aircraft caused by COVID-19 means that international first class — already in steady decline over the last decades — will be very nearly a thing of the past. Instead, airplane manufacturers around the world (including Delta, China Eastern, JetBlue, British Airways and Shanghai Airlines) are betting on a new generation of super-business minisuites where passengers have a privacy door. The idea, which was introduced by Qatar Airways in 2017, is to offer more personal space than in regular business class but without the lavishness of first class.

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

Aerial view of Rome's Fiumicino airport

Hygiene rankings  

Rome's Fiumicino Airport has become the first in the world to earn "the COVID-19 5-Star Airport Rating" from Skytrax, an international airline and airport review and ranking site, Italian daily La Repubblica reports. Skytrax, which publishes a yearly annual ranking of the world's best airports and issues the World Airport Awards, this year created a second list to specifically call out airports with the best health and hygiene standards.

Smoother check-in

​The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.

Data privacy issues

​However, as pointed out in Canadian publication The Lawyer's Daily, increased use of AI and biometrics also means increased privacy concerns. For example, health and hygiene measures like digital vaccine passports also mean that airports can collect data on who has been vaccinated and the type of vaccine used.

Photo of planes at Auckland airport, New Zealand

Auckland Airport, New Zealand

Douglas Bagg

The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less?

At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel in particular is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.

Trying to forecast the future, experts point to the years following the 9/11 terrorist attacks as at least a partial blueprint for what a recovery might look like in the years ahead. Twenty years ago, as passenger enthusiasm for flying waned amid security fears following the attacks, airlines were forced to cancel flights and put planes into storage.

40% of Swedes intend to travel less

According to McKinsey, leisure trips and visits to family and friends rebounded faster than business flights, which took four years to return to pre-crisis levels in the UK. This time too, business travel is expected to lag, with the consulting firm estimating only 80% recovery of pre-pandemic levels by 2024.

But the COVID-19 crisis also came at a time when passengers were already rethinking their travel habits due to climate concerns, while worldwide lockdowns have ushered in a new era of remote working. In Sweden, a survey by the country's largest research company shows that 40% of the population intend to travel less even after the pandemic ends. Similarly in the UK, nearly 60% of adults said during the spring they intended to fly less after being vaccinated against COVID-19 — with climate change cited as a top reason for people wanting to reduce their number of flights, according to research by the University of Bristol.

At the same time, major companies are increasingly forced to face the music of the environmental movement, with several corporations rolling out climate targets over the last few years. Today, five of the 10 biggest buyers of corporate air travel in the US are technology companies: Amazon, IBM, Google, Apple and Microsoft, according to Taipei Times, all of which have set individual targets for environmental stewardship. As such, the era of flying across the Atlantic for a two-hour executive meeting is likely in its dying days.

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