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food / travel

A New Way For Russia To Welcome Crimea: Drink Its Wine!

The Massandra winery in Crimea.
The Massandra winery in Crimea.
Oleg Trutnev, Aleksandra Mertsalova, Ekaterina Gerashenko and Anna Pushkarskaya

MOSCOW — During a recent meeting with a who’s-who of Russian retailers and grocery chains, Moscow’s regional investment minister was talking wine. The idea is simple: to urge such companies to promote Crimean wine as a way to boost the economy of Russia's newest region.

Such measures are necessary because Ukraine has blocked Crimean wines from its stores since the peninsula joined Russia, says Mikhail Shtirlin, general director of Crimean Legend, an alcohol distributor specializing in Crimean wines. That, in turn, has led to hard times for Crimean wine producers. Although their products are sold in Moscow supermarkets, they are not sold elsewhere in Russia, making sales in the Russian capital essential for Crimean winemakers.

Moscow officials are already working to improve the presence of Crimean wines in the city’s grocery stores, says Aleksei Nemeryuk, head of trade and services in Moscow’s city government. “We recently finished a series of meetings with retailers, in which they agreed to support our new region,” he says.

He hopes retailers will run special promotions, create special sections or shelves for Crimean wine, and host wine tastings to encourage shoppers to try the products. The city is also considering giving Crimean farmers free space to sell their products at the seasonal Christmas markets, he says.

The government in St. Petersburg has been holding similar talks with retailers, says Elgiz Kachaev, a representative of the city’s business development committee. “We can’t force the retailers to do anything, but we had a good dialogue with the chain retailers, and they will probably help us out,” Kachaev says. He says the the St. Petersburg government would try to create the best possible conditions to launch Crimean wine on the city’s market.

Gérard Depardieu visits the Massandra winery — Photo: Massandra Wine UK

According to customs statistics, Ukraine was the fourth-largest wine importer to Russia in 2013. And of that, experts estimate that Crimean wine probably constituted 75% of the total that Ukraine imported to its neighbor.

The privilege of special promotions or separate shelves devoted to a specific product is usually something that producers pay for. “These kinds of expenses can amount to 20% to 30% of the total cost of the final product for wine makers,” says Pavel Titov, director of Abray-Durso, one of Russia’s best-known winemakers.

The public relations director at supermarket chain Dixie says the government’s recommendations are feasible. “They are already partially being put in place in the Dixie stories around Moscow,” she says. “We are creating a special display of the eight largest Crimean wine producers.”

The chain Azbuka Vkusa, which was among those participating in talks with the government, hasn’t previously sold Crimean wine, but it is now promising to stock it. The company’s director says there has been a clear demand for Crimean wine recently, and that he would consider running special promotions. Shtirlin says that as the crisis in Crimea has unfolded over recent weeks, sales of wines from the region have increased by 30% to 40% in Russia.

Vadim Drobiz, director of the Center for Federal and Regional Alcohol Market Research, says this is a movement with an enormous amount of muscle behind it. “Supporting Crimean wine is a political decision, so retailers don’t have much choice,” he says.

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Life On "Mars": With The Teams Simulating Space Missions Under A Dome

A niche research community plays out what existence might be like on, or en route to, another planet.

Photo of a person in a space suit walking toward the ​Mars Desert Research Station near Hanksville, Utah

At the Mars Desert Research Station near Hanksville, Utah

Sarah Scoles

In November 2022, Tara Sweeney’s plane landed on Thwaites Glacier, a 74,000-square-mile mass of frozen water in West Antarctica. She arrived with an international research team to study the glacier’s geology and ice fabric, and how its ice melt might contribute to sea level rise. But while near Earth’s southernmost point, Sweeney kept thinking about the moon.

“It felt every bit of what I think it will feel like being a space explorer,” said Sweeney, a former Air Force officer who’s now working on a doctorate in lunar geology at the University of Texas at El Paso. “You have all of these resources, and you get to be the one to go out and do the exploring and do the science. And that was really spectacular.”

That similarity is why space scientists study the physiology and psychology of people living in Antarctic and other remote outposts: For around 25 years, people have played out what existence might be like on, or en route to, another world. Polar explorers are, in a way, analogous to astronauts who land on alien planets. And while Sweeney wasn’t technically on an “analog astronaut” mission — her primary objective being the geological exploration of Earth — her days played out much the same as a space explorer’s might.

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