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FOCUS: Russia-Ukraine War

Why Poland's Ruling Party Has Suddenly Turned On Ukraine — With The Wounds Of History

The Polish government has recently demanded official apologies from Kyiv (which is busy fighting off the Russian invasion) for historic war crimes committed by Ukrainian nationalists against ethnic Poles during World War II. The ruling PiS party is up to its old tricks of scapegoating for votes.

Why Poland's Ruling Party Has Suddenly Turned On Ukraine — With The Wounds Of History

Polish PM Mateusz Morawiecki and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky meet before an official ceremony in Warsaw, Poland. Until recently Warsaw has been a steadfast supporter of Kyiv, joined in mutual defense against Putin's Russia.

Bartosz T. Wielinski


WARSAW — This was no mistake, no slip-of-the tongue. In the midst of rising tensions between the otherwise close allies, Lukasz Jasina, the spokesman for the Polish Foreign Ministry was unequivocally demanding that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky issue a public apology to Poland for historic crimes in the Volhynia region. In that ugly chapter of World War II, Ukrainian nationalists killed up to 100,000 ethnic Poles, including many women and children, in what is widely considered an act of ethnic cleansing.

Jasina's statement, which appeared on May 19 in Onet.pl, Poland's largest online news platform, resulted in exactly what he wanted: a declaration that Poland has stopped unconditionally supporting the Ukrainian war effort, and a forecast that Polish-Ukrainian relations will emerge as a new issue ahead of this coming fall's national elections.

His statements also generated intrigue, especially since Jasina doesn’t belong to PiS, Poland’s conservative ruling party. Nevertheless, the statement was intentional — and has pushed Poland into a diplomatic frenzy, prompting a reaction from Vasyl Zvarych, the Ukrainian Ambassador to Poland.

This is exactly what PiS leaders wanted to happen.

Plea for forgiveness, with a caveat

Have the crimes committed by Ukrainians against ethnic Poles during World War II been adequately addressed by contemporary Ukrainian politicians? Are the gestures of leaders such as Petro Poroshenko, the former Ukrainian president who addressed the victims of the massacre, not enough? “We forgive Poland and we ask for Poland’s forgiveness,” Poroshenko said in a 2016 speech to the Sejm, Poland's lower house of Parliament.

For some, it could be that this is still too little. When it comes to Polish-Ukrainian relations, political elites have avoided uncomfortable topics about the countries’ shared histories, including the fact that Poland, too, has done harm to Ukrainian people and culture in the past, including ordering the destruction of Ukrainian Orthodox churches.

Yet seeking apologies for Volhynia as Russian rockets fall on Ukraine, when one-sixth of its territory occupied, where war crimes are continued on its territory every day, is unfathomably absurd.

Apparently not for ruling-party politicians, who are worrying about their poll numbers ahead of Poland’s upcoming parliamentary elections this coming fall.

Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, shakes hands with Polish Deputy Prime Minister Jaroslaw Kaczynski, before a press conference in Kyiv in March before the latter seems to have changed his approach to Ukraine.

Ukraine Presidency

Ungrateful Ukrainians?

The current ruling party is not guaranteed to win a Parliamentary majority. That has left longtime PiS party leader, Jaroslaw Kaczynski, to once again reach for his tried-and-true methods. A new scapegoat has been found. For PiS, it is the ungrateful Ukrainians, who Poles have helped from the very first days of Russia’s invasion — taking in refugees, sending its own tanks and planes — who now do not want to account for their own criminal history towards Poland.

Kaczynski will personally label those who criticize PiS for its actions against the Polish state as traitors. And the battle against Ukrainians is only just beginning.

Decent people in our country cannot stay neutral in light of what is happening here.

This is a testament to the desperation of the ruling party. When the entire civilized world is deciding how to more effectively help Ukraine defeat Russia, Kaczynski is rekindling disputes about difficult historical events. This is a strategic move by the party to get closer to a xenophobic electorate which typically supports the nationalist and far-right Confederation party, which has been fighting against the supposed “Ukrainization” of Poland.

When postponing makes good sense

This is an unforeseen gift for Russia. The Kremlin’s propaganda machine will make good use of Jasina’s words.

Decent people in our country cannot stay neutral in light of what is happening here. We cannot be blackmailed by Kaczynski, nor can we be made to feel afraid by his propaganda. It is us who must send an unequivocal message, that Poland’s unwavering support for Ukraine and its war effort will not fall victim to the political whims of the ruling party.

Discussions of our difficult and mutually tragic history, though necessary, should be postponed until after this war has come to an end.

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Every Step, Every Swipe: Inside China's System Of Total Surveillance Of Uyghurs

Research by anthropologist Darren Byler provides a rare look inside the surveillance state China has created to control the Uyghur population of Xinjiang province, where every move is tracked, people are forced to carry cell phones, and "re-education camps" await anyone suspected of trying to break free.

Photograph of an ethnic Uyghur man cooking Kebab in Kashgar bazaar.​

Kashgar, China: An ethnic Uyghur man cooking Kebab in Kashgar bazaar.

Geovien So/ZUMA
Huang Yi Ying

With the release of police files and internal documents from Xinjiang's re-education camps, as well as testimonies from exiles in Xinjiang, the world has been able to get a better grasp of the reality of the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) control over the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, and its human rights abuses.

Since the end of last year, a number of testimonies and publications have been revealed describing the experiences of people who have endured the re-education camps.

Research by anthropologist Darren Byler, assistant professor of international studies at Simon Fraser University in Vancouver, Canada, provides an insightful, raw look at the experiences of Uyghurs in Xinjiang.

Byler is an internationally recognized researcher on Uyghur society and China's surveillance system, and has been active in advocating for Uyghur human rights as a witness to the re-education system and surveillance governance in Xinjiang.

Singapore-based media news outlet Initium Media interviewed Byler during a recent visit to Taiwan. He presents his insights on technological surveillance in Xinjiang and the lives of Uyghurs there, and emphasized that what has happened to the Uyghurs could happen to anyone.

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