Society

Why The DSK Affair May Have Changed The French Workplace Forever

Rape charges dropped, Dominique Strauss-Kahn is back in France. But the legacy of his May 14 arrest in NYC is expected to last, especially in the way French men and women interact in the working world.

Claire Gatinois and Marion Van Renterghem

PARIS – Never mind that all charges against Dominique Strauss-Kahn were dropped by the Manhattan district attorney. Here in France, people still want to know why, on May 14, DSK was arrested on allegations of rape in the first place.

The case had an immediate impact on France's political landscape. But it has also deeply transformed relations between men and women, especially in the workplace, where the majority of positions of power continue to be occupied by men.

"It's very clear that even now, after the initial shock of the arrest has faded, the DSK affair has marked a ‘before and after" point for workplace relations," says Anne-Françoise Chaperon, a clinical psychologist and consultant for the firm Stimulus.

The change first surfaced as a form of humor. DSK jokes replaced one-liners about Jews and blondes. In the narrow corridor of a large media firm, the boss hesitates to skim past an employee busy with the copy machine. "Whatever you do, don't move. I'm right behind you," he says.

Alexia Laroche-Joubert, the head of an audiovisual production company called ALJ Productions, puts it more bluntly. "Since the DSK scandal, whenever I slap my associate's butt, I make sure to ask him if he's going to sue me!"

But while the DSK affair may provide good fodder for jokes, it has also lead to some serious discussions about sexual harassment and abuse of power in the workplace, issues that had long been a concern in French offices yet were nevertheless taboo.

Now, from the world of finance to the industrial sphere, women have started going public with stories about what happened that one time in the elevator, or in the office when they were alone with a superior. The DSK case set things in motion. "It gave women the freedom to speak," says Patricia Barbizet, CEO of Artemis.

Even the head of the French MEDEF employers' union, Laurence Parisot, got to talk about "it" with her colleagues. About how a superior on whom their career depended started harassing them, about how they didn't know how they should reply. About the many offenses women must endure when they start venturing into men's territory: the workplace.

Job interviews over dinner

Parisot, the so-called "boss of bosses," took the opportunity to tell her coworkers about her first job interview. "The secretary of my future boss had called to tell me the interview wouldn't take place at the office, but at a restaurant. There, the interviewer hit on me all evening long. That's not normal."

Even though it's been a half century since the French women's liberation movement got started, "society is still very archaic when it comes to male-female relationships," says Dominique Senequier, the woman at the head of Axa PE, a private equity firm with 25 billion dollars of assets. According to Senequier, men still feel the exact same need to put down women.

The Axa PE boss jokes about her ‘double handicap": being both a woman and French. She can still remember the quips she overheard as she was giving a presentation: "She's not doing too badly for a woman," she heard a French executive say. An English-speaking colleague chipped in: "You mean she's not too bad for a French person."

For Laurence Parisot, such misogynist remarks represent the worst kind of discrimination. "There's not a single woman at the head of a top French company, even though there are so many women who graduate from the best schools with flying colors," she says angrily. Parisot recalls that in 2005 she tried to introduce a "soft" – i.e. non-binding – gender equality law. "Some executives, not all of them, told me they were against it. Why? Because there weren't enough competent women."

If the DSK case triggered a wave of feminism among women, for men, it has provoked real confusion. "Suddenly, I found myself thinking, ‘what if the way I open the car door was misinterpreted?" My whole behavior could be seen as condescending," one businessman confesses.

Perhaps the most disoriented are DSK's senior male peers – rich and powerful men in their 60s who, until the May 14 arrest, had never had their words and gestures openly questioned.

According to Artemis' Patricia Barbizet, the affair has established a "natural frontier" between people in their 30s and 40s "who have lived, men and women, in the same world from an early age" and senior employees "who have never really had the opportunity to question their behavior so far."

Read the original article in French

Photo - TF1

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Society

Iran To Offer Master's And PhD In Morality Enforcement

For those aiming to serve the Islamic Republic of Iran as experts to train the public morality agents, there are now courses to obtain the "proper" training.

Properly dressed in the holy city of Qom.

Iran will create new "master's and doctorate" programs to train state morality agents checking on people's public conduct and attire, according to several Persian-language news sources.

Mehran Samadi, a senior official of the Headquarters to Enjoin Virtues and Proscribe Vices (Amr-e be ma'ruf va nahy az monkar) said "anyone who wants to enjoin virtues must have the knowledge," the London-based broadcaster Iran International reported, citing reports from Iran.


The morality patrols, in force since the 1979 revolution, tend to focus mostly on young people and women, particularly the public appearance for the latter. Loose headscarves will send women straight to a police station, often in humiliating conditions. Five years ago, the regime announced a new force of some 7,000 additional agents checking on women's hijabs and other standards of dress and behavior.

A woman in Tehran walks past a mural of an Iranian flag

The traffic police chief recently said women were not allowed to ride motorbikes

Rouzbeh Fouladi/ZUMA

New academic discipline

Last week, for example, Tehran police revealed that they had "disciplined" agents who had been filmed forcefully shoving a girl into a van. Such incidents may increase under the new, conservative president, Ibrahim Raisi.

Speaking about the new academic discipline, Samadi said morals go "much further than headscarves and modesty," and those earning graduate degrees would teach agents "what the priorities are."

Iran's Islamic regime, under the guidance of Shia jurists, continuously fine tunes notions of "proper" conduct — and calibrates its own, interventionist authority. More recently the traffic police chief said women were not allowed to ride motorbikes, and "would be stopped," Prague-based Radio Farda reported.

Days before, a cleric in the holy city of Qom in central Iran insisted that people must be vaccinated by a medic of the same sex "as often as possible," and if not, there should be no pictures of mixed-sex vaccinations.

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