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Society

A War Against Putin, A Fight Against The Patriarchy

In Poland, the support for the war effort against Russia is linked not only to history but to an aggressive male-dominated narrative, tinged with tales of martyrdom and acceptance of sexual violence.

A woman volunteer handles a weapon as civilian volunteers of the Obukhiv Civilian Protection force train together​

A woman volunteer handles a weapon as civilian volunteers of the Obukhiv Civilian Protection force train together

Magdalena Środa

-OpEd-

WARSAW — In addition to all the terrible things we already know about it, the war in Ukraine also appears to be a time machine that takes us back to a very masculine world of heroes and beasts — where the former are worthy of glory, the latter inhuman and deserving of death.

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This way of seeing reality and all that it encompasses is as tragic and retrograde as war itself. We Poles have finally begun to learn such values as equality, rule of law, democracy, dialogue, tolerance, and diversity; and yet once again we are returning to the paradigm of the heroic martyr that is unfortunately firmly established in our history and morality.


This paradigm has indeed been vigorously already resuscitated by the Law and Justice Party (PiS), which in its own kitschy, but effective way promoted the praise of senseless death and empty heroism of a cursed and the mythicized martyrology framed around the infamous 2010 plane crash that killed several top government officials, including Polish President Lech Kaczyński, whose twin brother is the current leader of the ruling PiS center-right party.

Toy guns and authoritarianism 

The war in Ukraine has reignited this discourse around martyrdom at the hands of Moscow, which many in Poland blame for the crash of the plane near the Russian city of Smolensk that was bringing the Polish delegation to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the World War II Katyn massacre of Poles at the hands of Soviet troops.

Much of the current rhetoric around the war in Ukraine can be seen in the language of social axiology, where value is assigned in the ruling party's wartime governance (there is no better context than war to achieve authoritarian goals), but also in the media and mass culture.

There is nothing feminine about war.

Rifles and other "fun weapons" have made their way back to toy and souvenir stores, so that young boys can pretend to kill. The media are outdoing themselves by repeating slogans that encourage combat or document heroism.

But no one declares nihil novi; with war as the foundation of patriarchalism, our culture's deep-seated machismo. You might argue that women also fight, and if they ruled, the wars would be just as bloody. I would answer: Whatever aggression you see from women is when they are trying to adapt to the conditions created for them by a world ruled by men — but "there is nothing feminine about war."

\u200bPhoto of a woman soldier seen in Lviv, Ukraine.

Photo of a woman soldier seen in Lviv, Ukraine.

Vincenzo Circosta/SOPA/ZUMA

Rape as a weapon of war, and peacetime machismo

Both in peacetime and wartime, women are treated as sexual objects, a means of displaying male dominance; after all, that is what rape is for. Today we are outraged by how many reports of rapes there have been in the Ukraine war, but in times of peace, the same kind of violence against women continues to be tragically widespread.

The penalties in Poland for rape are too weak, and action taken against violence targeting women is generally not accepted because as the old Polish saying goes: "if you don't beat a woman, her liver will rot."

Rape in war and peace differs in its scale and circumstance, but their nature is the same; they are rooted in the patriarchal hierarchy and the way of life promoted in the name of tradition.

We should also face the truth about war that it fosters not only aggression, but also greed, which is the fuel of capitalism. The weapons that everyone is so anxious to buy will not vanish into thin air after the Ukrainian war is over; their accumulated harvest will flow to another place on Earth, where hell will soon break loose again, bringing death, rape and huge profits to the military industry.

It is impossible to be a pacifist in times of war, but we must keep somewhere in the back of our minds the reasons that make it so central to our culture — and try to change that culture at its roots.

For it is necessary to defend the world not only from Putin, but also from the patriarchy.

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Society

Single Parents In Portugal Turn "It Takes A Village" Into A Practical Reality

The death of a young child left alone at home while his single mother was out shocked a community. Now, single parents have banded together to offer support to each other. And they're succeeding in the face of overwhelming challenges.

Single Parents In Portugal Turn "It Takes A Village" Into A Practical Reality

Women from the association Jangada D'Emoções, which started Colo100Horas

Maíra Streit

SINTRA — The large and curious eyes of Gurnaaz Kaur reveal her desire to understand the world.

This four-year-old Indian girl doesn’t speak Portuguese yet. A few months have passed since she left her country on the family adventure across the European continent. She uses a few gestures to try to express herself and greets people with a “bom dia” (good morning), one of the few expressions he has learned.

Nahary Conniott, 8, is also looking for ways to interact. From Angola and on the autism spectrum disorder, she has already experienced difficult situations and was asked to leave the private school she attended. In the other schools in which the mother enrolled her, the refusal was always justified by the lack of vacancies.

Children with such different paths found the support they deserved in the Colo100Horas project. Started in 2021, it is a self-organized network of women who came together to help immigrants with their immense daily challenges in Sintra, in western Portugal.

The long list of problems meant they banded together to look for a solution: the strenuous routine of caring for children (still imposed in most homes as the responsibility of women), low salaries, the overcrowding of daycare centers, excessive work and the difficulty with shift schedules, which is common in jobs in the catering and cleaning industries.

A tragic case that occurred recently in the neighborhood that drew attention to the need for greater support for families: a six-year-old boy died after falling from the ninth floor of the building where he lived. He was at home with only his two little brothers, while his mother had left to go to the market, a few meters away.

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