Sources

Turn Up The Volume, Music Festivals In China Flourish

Shenzhen Midi Music Festival in May 2013
Shenzhen Midi Music Festival in May 2013
Tang Lala

BEIJING — Before 2000, public space in China dedicated exclusively to young people was basically non-existent. Rock-loving youngsters, for example, had nowhere to go except for a few small, dark bars. Woodstock represented an unattainable dream.

But times have changed since then. First the Midi Music Festival, one of China’s largest rock music festivals, was created in Beijing. Many others followed suit. Since 2007, solid festival brands such as the Modern Sky Music Festival and the Strawberry Music Festival, a three-day carnival, have toured different Chinese cities, introducing fashion elements and breaking down the boundaries between underground and pop music.

Within a dozen years, the small rock coteries have grown into gigantic outdoor musical parties attracting millions of young fans. The audiences are no longer only die-hard rock-loving literati but also college students and white-collar office workers. Meanwhile, local brands such as the Chengdu Heat Wave Music Festival, Hangzhou West Lake Music Festival and Changsha Orange Island Music Festival have mushroomed.

Estimates suggest that nearly 100 music festivals of different sizes have emerged one after another all over China over the last three years. Fans now have more choice, and young people from outside Beijing no longer have to backpacker to the capital for annual music pilgrimages.

Not just music

Apart from becoming an urban public space for young Chinese, live music venues have also evolved beyong music. Office workers are getting in on the fun. Overwhelmed by long hours and mortgage payments, they too are enjoying the release and relaxation of live music.

Music festivals are also a feast for the eyes. Attendees pull out all the stops with clothing and hairstyles. This is particularly true at the pure rock Midi Music Festival, which has turned into a gigantic costume party. Vintage clothing of the 1960s and ’70s have become unambitious compared with a Han dynasty costume or a Kasaya robe. People don super-sized false eyelashes and mottled stockings.

The idea is to offer urban young an unconventional, unusual and unique cultural ambiance — without cliché — and to abandon mainstream fashion.

Amid loud music and wild dancing, the spectacular masses enjoy a real high. Where else in real life, apart from a cramped karaoke club, can young people enjoy themselves with abandon?

In the name of music, different groups of people gather together and are simultaneously swaddled in a tremendous sense of warmth and belonging. This explains why the majority of young people who have attended a music festival have since become loyal followers.

It’s also at these festivals that young people can express their value system. What matters here is not who is richest but who knows best how to have fun and be cool. The music venue becomes a platform for self-realization and self-expression, where everyone is equal.

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Ideas

Saving The Planet Is Really A Question Of Dopamine

Our carelessness toward the environment could be due, in part, to the functioning of a very primitive area of our brain: the striatum.

Ad scuba-diver and brain coral

Stefano Lupieri

PARIS — Almost every week, a new scientific study alerts us to the degradation of the environment. And yet, we continue not to change anything fundamental in our systems of production and habits of consumption. Are we all suffering from blindness, or poisoned by denial?

In his popular books Le Bug humain (The Human Bug) and Où est le sens? (Where is the Sense?), Sébastien Bohler, a journalist in neuroscience and psychology, provides a much more rational explanation: The mechanism responsible for our propensity to destroy our natural environment is in fact a small, very deep and very primitive structure of our brain called the striatum.


This regulator of human motivation seems to have been programmed to favor behaviors that ensure the survival of the species.

Addictions to sex and social media

Since the dawn of humanity, gathering information about our environment, feeding ourselves, ensuring the transmission of our genes through sexual intercourse and asserting our social status have all been rewarded with a shot of dopamine, the 'pleasure hormone.'

Nothing has changed since then; except that, in our society of excess, there is no limit to the satisfaction of these needs. This leads to the overconsumption of food and addictions to everything from sex to social media — which together account for much of the world's destructive agricultural and energy practices.

No matter how much we realize that this is leading to our downfall, we can't help but relapse because we are prisoners of the dopamine pump in the striatum, which cannot be switched off.

Transverse section of striatum from a structural MRI image

Lindsay Hanford and Geoff B Hall via Wikipedia

Tweaking genetics 

According to Bohler, the only way out is to encourage the emergence of new values of sobriety, altruism and slowness. If adopted, these more sustainable notions could be recognized by the striatum as new sources of dopamine reward. But there's the challenge of promoting inspiring stories that infuse them with value.

Take the photo-collage exhibition "J'agis ici... et je m'y colle" ("I'm taking action here... and I'm sticking to it"), a collection of life-size portraits of residents committed to the energy transition, displayed on the walls of the French coastal city of La Rochelle.

Backed by the French National Center for Street Arts, photographer Martin Charpentier may be employing artistic techniques, but he's also tinkering with neuroscience in the process.

Les Echos
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