July 27, 2012
The Central Politburo of the Communist Party of China held a meeting in May to discuss the deepening of scientific and technological reforms, as well as ways to accelerate the establishment in China of a true system of innovation. The meeting set the goal of China reaching the ranks of the world's most innovative countries by 2020.
Innovation has long been talked about in China. It is a timeless topic. Nevertheless, it's the first time a top-level meeting has been devoted to the issue.
Earlier this month, the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference was held in Beijing, gathering most of the members of China's top leadership. One can imagine that in the Chinese context the term "innovation" will continue to be a hot button word for a long time in all of China's political, economic, cultural and social fields.
In fact it's not just in China. Innovation has become a hot issue across the whole world. Some have said that the word "innovation" is employed so often, in so many ways, as an affirmation that one is at the forefront of one's field, that the term has been abused.
According to a statistic from Amazon, in the last three months alone, as many as 250 newly published books include the word "innovation" in their titles. They are mostly books about business. Another search result based on the annual and quarterly reports submitted to the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission last year also shows that each of these company reports had used the word "innovation", in different ways, a total of 33,528 times. This represents a 64% increase over five years ago. Apple, Google and Procter & Gamble, three distinct types of companies, used the word 22, 14, and 22 times respectively in their most recent annual reports.
And yet, what the vast majority of companies mean by innovation is not truly innovation but just ordinary progress. Or worse, it's a pretense.
The purpose of flaunting innovation at a company is obvious. First, by misleading the capital market and raising the value of its stock, the company can reduce its financing costs. Second, it's a way of promoting itself in the consumer market. An image of innovation improves the corporate reputation and can be considered de facto as a marketing tool. Regardless of their real corporate innovation results, at least they have more or less achieved their aims -- and certainly won't be left out of the current search for innovation.
However, a country's innovation is much more complicated. It's beyond reproach for the government to make innovation a priority so that people and businesses recognize its importance. Nevertheless, in the Chinese context, there seems to be something missing: the establishment of a system and environment for innovation.
Take China's animation industry as an example. Recently an animated film called "The biography of Qi Jiguang," about a 16th century hero who fought against Japanese pirates, was released. The film was supposed to be an "epic" that cost millions to produce. Yet the quality was worse than the level of amateur-made films on the Internet. Needless to say that it was a disaster at the box office.
According to professional sources, this is because today's Chinese animation production is making money from its relationship with the government, not from the market. The government's slogan of "Constructing a cultural power" has prompted authorities at all levels to introduce a series of incentive policies, including broadcast subsidies.
The result is that so-called animation industrial parks are springing up everywhere that are basically a local authority's front for enclosing farmland for urban development, as well as bait for getting government subsidies to pump up their local finances. Nothing is really being done to develop an innovative animation industry.
As a consequence, China's annual animation output today is as much as 200,000 minutes, which surpasses Japan and makes it the world's biggest producing country. But when it comes to quality or influence, even the Chinese professionals are ashamed to talk about it.
This is precisely the key problem with China's innovation. Government-led innovation has high cost and poor results, or worse, the money can go astray. Not only does it not encourage or promote innovation, but it actually restricts and suppresses creativity. For cultural innovation, the ultimate importance lies in the freedom of creation, the protection of intellectual property, not financial subsidies or land concessions.
Unfortunately, China is going exactly the opposite way. Due to the restrictions on the freedom of creation, quality production with real ideas, connotations, creativity and imagination does not emerge. At the same time, when a good animation production does occasionaly appear, it is immediately pirated because of inadequate copyright protection. Meanwhile, subsidies and land concessions have become the tools of official rent-seeking as well as improper businessmen's profits.
As far as we see from the current development of China's animation industry, the billions of RMB that are invested by all levels of government through funding and other sources are not bringing the expected positive effects. On the contrary it does more harm than good. One wonders if it is exactly the same case with innovation in other fields?
Read the original article in Chinese.
Photo - derekGavey
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A neo-Nazi has been buried in the former grave of a Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender – not an oversight, but a deliberate provocation. This is just one more example of antisemitism on the rise in Germany, and society's inability to respond.
Eva Marie Kogel
October 24, 2021
BERLIN — If you want to check the state of your society, there's a simple test: as the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, John Jay McCloy, said in 1949, the touchstone for a democracy is the well-being of Jews. This litmus test is still relevant today. And it seems Germany would not pass.
Incidents are piling up. Most recently, groups of neo-Nazis from across the country traveled to a church near Berlin for the funeral of a well-known far-right figure. He was buried in the former grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender, a gravesite chosen deliberately by the right-wing extremists.
The incident at the cemetery
They intentionally chose a Jewish grave as an act of provocation, trying to gain maximum publicity for this act of desecration. And the cemetery authorities at the graveyard in Stahnsdorf fell for it. The church issued an immediate apology, calling it a "terrible mistake" and saying they "must immediately see whether and what we can undo."
There are so many incidents that get little to no media attention.
It's unfathomable that this burial was allowed to take place at all, but now the cemetery authorities need to make a decision quickly about how to put things right. Otherwise, the grave may well become a pilgrimage site for Holocaust deniers and antisemites.
The incident has garnered attention in the international press and it will live long in the memory. Like the case of singer-songwriter Gil Ofarim, who recently claimed he was subjected to antisemitic abuse at a hotel in Leipzig. Details of the crime are still being investigated. But there are so many other incidents that get little to no media attention.
The grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender
Crimes against Jews are rising
Across all parts of society, antisemitism is on the rise. Until a few years ago, Jewish life was seen as an accepted part of German society. Since the attack on the synagogue in Halle in 2019, the picture has changed: it was a bitter reminder that right-wing terror against Jewish people has a long, unbroken history in Germany.
Stories have abounded about the coronavirus crisis being a Jewish conspiracy; meanwhile, Muslim antisemitism is becoming louder and more forceful. The anti-Israel boycott movement BDS rears its head in every debate on antisemitism, just as left-wing or post-colonial thinking are part of every discussion.
Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.
Since 2015, the number of antisemitic crimes recorded has risen by about a third, to 2,350. But victims only report around 20% of cases. Some choose not to because they've had bad experiences with the police, others because they're afraid of the perpetrators, and still others because they just want to put it behind them. Victims clearly hold out little hope of useful reaction from the state – so crimes go unreported.
And the reality of Jewish life in Germany is a dark one. Sociologists say that Jewish children are living out their "identity under siege." What impact does it have on them when they can only go to nursery under police protection? Or when they hear Holocaust jokes at school?
Germany needs to take its antisemitism seriously
This shows that the country of commemorative services and "stumbling blocks" placed in sidewalks as a memorial to victims of the Nazis has lost its moral compass. To make it point true north again, antisemitism needs to be documented from the perspective of those affected, making it visible to the non-Jewish population. And Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.
That is the first thing. The second is that we need to talk about specifically German forms of antisemitism. For example, the fact that in no other EU country are Jewish people so often confronted about the Israeli government's policies (according to a survey, 41% of German Jews have experienced this, while the EU average is 28%). Projecting the old antisemitism onto the state of Israel offers people a more comfortable target for their arguments.
Our society needs to have more conversations about antisemitism. The test of German democracy, as McCloy called it, starts with taking these concerns seriously and talking about them. We need to have these conversations because it affects all of us. It's about saving our democracy. Before it's too late.
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Die Welt ("The World") is a German daily founded in Hamburg in 1946, and currently owned by the Axel Springer AG company, Europe's largest publishing house. Now based in Berlin, Die Welt is sold in more than 130 countries. A Sunday edition called Welt am Sonntag has been published since 1948.
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