The "Sick Man Of Asia" Indeed - China's Disturbing Moral Crisis

Stiffer penalties for baby traffickers are all well and good, but what China really needs is to regain its moral integrity.

"It’s urgent for China to regain its moral moorings"
"It’s urgent for China to regain its moral moorings"
Han Wei

- Op-Ed -

BEIJING — Last month, the wife of Lai Guofong, a villager of Fuping County in the Western province of Shaanxi, gave birth to a baby boy in the local hospital. During the delivery process, Zhang Shuxia, the hospital's deputy director of obstetrics, told the Lai family that the baby suffered from a congenital disease and convinced them to hand over the baby whom she claimed wouldn't survive long.

The next day, the doctor secretly sold the newborn for 21,600 yuans ($3,500). Although the infant has been successfully rescued, the obstetrician's trafficking of the baby, who is actually healthy, has shocked the Chinese public and provoked a great deal of reflection.

China has very strict laws to counter the endless child-trafficking problem. Kidnapping and selling more than three children by use of violence or coercion can carry the death penalty.

But since this case became public, many people are embracing the logic that instituting even stiffer punishments would solve the problem. They don't seem to recognize that these criminal doctors know very well that they're breaking the law. They just believe they can get away with it, so they take the risks for profit. No, what we should be talking about here is not so much investigation and punishment, but rather how to solve the moral crisis these trafficking cases represent.

The most common, ordinary person respects the lives of others and the affection between parents and children. “Doctors are to be like the patients' parents,” the Chinese saying goes. In other words, doctors' moral standards should be unimpeachable, rendering them able to treat patients as if they were their own.

That the doctor in the Fuping case lacked not only the ethics of a physician but also the basic morality of a human being is chilling. With unscrupulous greed, she shamelessly abused the patient's trust.

In China today, such moral issues are neither restricted to doctors nor limited by geography. The pursuit of material wealth seems to have become the Chinese people’s primary faith. Underhanded merchants sell faked and even poisonous food, corrupt officials betray the public's interest for their own benefit, and certain academics are dishonest just to make a few bucks.

This is why it’s urgent for China to regain its moral moorings.

The first step is no doubt to change the way we define success. Money and materialism should not be the only guidance for determining achievement.

Helping other people and valuing a sense of inner contentment can also mark success. As one ancient Chinese proverb puts it, “Unrighteous wealth and richness is as a cloud to me.”

Although severe legal penalties may have a temporary effect in combating human trafficking, to avoid future tragedies China must take other steps to nurture moral integrity. This might be a long hard road, but it's the only acceptable one.

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How Thailand's Lèse-Majesté Law Is Used To Stifle All Protest

Once meant to protect the royal family, the century-old law has become a tool for the military-led government in Bangkok to stamp out all dissent. A new report outlines the abuses.

Pro-Democracy protest at The Criminal Court in Bangkok, Thailand

Laura Valentina Cortés Sierra

"We need to reform the institution of the monarchy in Thailand. It is the root of the problem." Those words, from Thai student activist Juthatip Sirikan, are a clear expression of the growing youth-led movement that is challenging the legitimacy of the government and demanding deep political changes in the Southeast Asian nation. Yet those very same words could also send Sirikan to jail.

Thailand's Criminal Code 'Lèse-Majesté' Article 112 imposes jail terms for defaming, insulting, or threatening the monarchy, with sentences of three to 15 years. This law has been present in Thai politics since 1908, though applied sparingly, only when direct verbal or written attacks against members of the royal family.

But after the May 2014 military coup d'état, Thailand experienced the first wave of lèse-majesté arrests, prosecutions, and detentions of at least 127 individuals arrested in a much wider interpretation of the law.

The recent report 'Second Wave: The Return of Lèse-Majesté in Thailand', documents how the Thai government has "used and abused Article 112 of the Criminal Code to target pro-democracy activists and protesters in relation to their online political expression and participation in peaceful pro-democracy demonstrations."

Criticism of any 'royal project'

The investigation shows 124 individuals, including at least eight minors, have been charged with lèse-majesté between November 2020 and August 2021. Nineteen of them served jail time. The new wave of charges is cited as a response to the rising pro-democracy protests across Thailand over the past year.

Juthatip Sirikan explains that the law is now being applied in such a broad way that people are not allowed to question government budgets and expenditure if they have any relationship with the royal family, which stifles criticism of the most basic government decision-making since there are an estimated 5,000 ongoing "royal" projects. "Article 112 of lèse-majesté could be the key (factor) in Thailand's political problems" the young activist argues.

In 2020 the Move Forward opposition party questioned royal spending paid by government departments, including nearly 3 billion baht (89,874,174 USD) from the Defense Ministry and Thai police for royal security, and 7 billion baht budgeted for royal development projects, as well as 38 planes and helicopters for the monarchy. Previously, on June 16, 2018, it was revealed that Thailand's Crown Property Bureau transferred its entire portfolio to the new King Maha Vajiralongkorn.

photo of graffiti of 112 crossed out on sidewalk

Protestors In Bangkok Call For Political Prisoner Release

Peerapon Boonyakiat/SOPA Images via ZUMA Wire

Freedom of speech at stake

"Article 112 shuts down all freedom of speech in this country", says Sirikan. "Even the political parties fear to touch the subject, so it blocks most things. This country cannot move anywhere if we still have this law."

The student activist herself was charged with lèse-majesté in September 2020, after simply citing a list of public documents that refer to royal family expenditure. Sirikan comes from a family that has faced the consequences of decades of political repression. Her grandfather, Tiang Sirikhan was a journalist and politician who openly protested against Thailand's involvement in World War II. He was accused of being a Communist and abducted in 1952. According to Sirikhan's family, he was killed by the state.

The new report was conducted by The International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH), Thai Lawyer for Human Rights (TLHR), and Internet Law Reform Dialogue (iLaw). It accuses Thai authorities of an increasingly broad interpretation of Article 112, to the point of "absurdity," including charges against people for criticizing the government's COVID-19 vaccine management, wearing crop tops, insulting the previous monarch, or quoting a United Nations statement about Article 112.

Juthatip Sirikan speaks in front of democracy monument.

Shift to social media

While in the past the Article was only used against people who spoke about the royals, it's now being used as an alibi for more general political repression — which has also spurred more open campaigning to abolish it. Sirikan recounts recent cases of police charging people for spreading paint near the picture of the king during a protest, or even just for having a picture of the king as phone wallpaper.

The more than a century-old law is now largely playing out online, where much of today's protest takes place in Thailand. Sirikan says people are willing to go further on social media to expose information such as how the king intervenes in politics and the monarchy's accumulation of wealth, information the mainstream media rarely reports on them.

Not surprisingly, however, social media is heavily monitored and the military is involved in Intelligence operations and cyber attacks against human rights defenders and critics of any kind. In October 2020, Twitter took down 926 accounts, linked to the army and the government, which promoted themselves and attacked political opposition, and this June, Google removed two Maps with pictures, names, and addresses, of more than 400 people who were accused of insulting the Thai monarchy. "They are trying to control the internet as well," Sirikan says. "They are trying to censor every content that they find a threat".

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