Joseph Ghosn and Olivier Wicker
May 08, 2013
The year is 1993. An English journalist uses the words "Daft Punk" to qualify the music of a small French band of three teen rock fans that was calling itself Darlin’.
No offense was taken to that two-word description, and two of the band mates, in fact, decided to use this insult as their new project in electronic music. This was the beginning of an unmatched success for a French outfit, which has lasted to this very day: 20 years later, Daft Punk is among the most popular bands on earth, no one would dare to call them daft, now.
Their dance anthems belong to the collective unconscious. The singles Da Funk (1996), Around The World (1997), One More Time (2000), Harder Better Faster Stronger (2001) all contributed to the millions of albums the band sold, all over the world. All this success, despite their scarce public appearances, concerts and albums. There's been just four albums (and a soundtrack) since 1993: these boys like to take their time before releasing anything.
Daft Punk live in Los Angeles in 2007 - Photo: Travis Hornung
They reinvented techno music with Homework (1997), the first true point of reference in the genre, they brought back and updated 1970s synthetic Disco music with Discovery (2001) before coming back to hard-hitting rock ‘n roll with Human After All (2005) – which was ill received by the critics but still influential for many.
“Our leitmotiv,” declares Thomas Bangalter, “is never to repeat ourselves. We need to reinvent everything, every time we’re working on a project. It was clear to us right from the beginning when it was still easy to just duplicate our hits to infinity. From that point, every orientation became possible.”
There’s the paradox: they enjoy worldwide fame, but Daft Punk remains the most anonymous band ever, with those robot helmets -- an emblem as well as protection against overwhelming stardom. Once the suits are off, with their stonewashed denim, black T-shirts, grey sweaters, Bangalter and his longtime bandmate Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo can blend into any crowd.
On the other hand, their uniforms cover every inch of their skin and their figure gets straightened. The black suits are designed by Hedi Slimane for Saint Laurent and their chrome helmets make every gesture look more mechanical.
Disco, surrealism, psychedelics
Their new album, Random Access Memories, is due out in late May. It’s a familiar mix but it remains completely futuristic as it’s composed of fragments from Funk and disco music cast somewhere between house and electro sonorities. They told us that they expect this album to have captured the magic of the 1970s and 1980s. That would be Michael Jackson, Chic or Fleetwood Mac, revolutionary sounds at the time, classic tunes today.
In order to make sure they were in complete control, the two musicians financed every step of the album’s production process. “We had the luxury to be able to say that if we weren’t satisfied with something, we could just put it in the trash," says Bangalter. "Having a record producer breathing down our necks would have been stressful.”
It was a long, reflective process: “We started working on it in 2008 after an 18-month tour. We started by getting in the studio to put down some ideas. Then we took a year off to work on the Tron: Legacy soundtrack. In the end, we got back to work with musicians, although the record wasn’t completely conceptualized. A year and a half ago, something tied everything together: we came up with the name of the album.”
Random Access Memories is a reference to RAM, or the main memory in computers. “There is a connection between the brain and hard drives, the computer and the human.” The idea of fragmentation –- another one from computer terminology -- is inherent to the album too. “We felt like we were disorganized during the recording sessions, as if we followed some sort of psychoanalytic process where nothing is in its place and nothing is linear. The whole thing is a cluster of random associated ideas.”
The recording of the album happened between Paris, New York and Los Angeles and Random Access Memories does sound like something produced under the Californian sun. For a few years now, thanks in part to their work on Disney’s blockbuster Tron: Legacy, Daft Punk has spent a lot of time in LA. “Every record from the 1970s and 1980s has this West Coast feeling: they reek of easy life, sunset and brightness. Los Angeles is the theater of many stories but it’s also a sad town where dreams have been shattered in the past. You can feel the nostalgia: its architecture still holds the remnants of a past America. Living there is a little bit like being cut off from people inside a dream factory.”
Up until now, Daft Punk could be summed up to this: a machine-torturing duo producing emotion, groove and sweat. But have two decades spent with machines started to bore them? The answer is often more subtle with them. “The internet has rendered the human relations even more virtual. With this album,” adds Bangalter, “we remain elusive and secret while having a blast with the team. Synthetic music is making sounds and tessituras bound to remain simulations of reality. The idea here is to capture magic, moments of grace. How come the first notes of Hotel California make you feel like you’re in the sun with crickets all around? What’s the trick?”
In order to find the recipe of the sound that spread across the US from the early 1970s until Thriller (1982), the duo called upon the greatest musicians at the time such as Nile Rodgers and Giorgio Moroder. “This record,” says Banglater, “goes far beyond the homage to all these people who shaped our creativity: interacting with them was a very powerful experience.” You won’t find beat boxes in this album, as they preferred actual drummers, striking with perfect accuracy but with those tiny variations no machine can produce.
Still robot, but human after all.
Order and chaos
We can imagine the two musicians being control freaks –- not entirely false -- but this time, they let go of everything to start over from the top. Risky business. “We ended up in a surrealistic dimension, almost psychedelic. Going deep into complex musical branches and bringing order to this vast chaos, that was what we were really passionate about.”
Daft Punk's trademark triangle hand sign - Photo: Travis Hornung
The recording sessions were like a series of cadavre exquis, sentences and sequences taken here and there, and “once brought back together, would become interesting for us.” And quoting Mark Z Danielewski’s House of Leaves, “it reads every way imaginable and you may enter it from the top or the bottom…”
Twenty years ago, Daft Punk only used samplers with just a few seconds of memory. It’s now gigantic, unlimited. “The machines are now more powerful but the content has been extremely poor these last few years…For Random Access Memories, we used this infinite technology to record meaningful stuff, to channel everything we had put down throughout the sessions, and those used to take monstrous and overwhelming proportions.”
The Dafts and the movies
The two boys are true sci-fi enthusiasts. They have many references in this specific genre: they often diverge from what they were saying to talk about a scene from 2001: A Space Odyssey or another excerpt from their favorite movie Phantom of the Paradise (which they discovered together at 15, with the soundtrack by Paul Williams, another guest on their album).
Daft Punk make music thinking about George Lucas’ or Steven Spielberg’s universes. In 2007, they directed a film together called Electroma, filled with characters mimicking their own robotic figure, a particular esthetic taken from Gus Van Sant movies.
“We are fascinated by cinema because it’s the art of many. A movie is a group of people producing a work as a team.” They had tasted this way of working while directing Electroma and they have wanted to taste it again ever since. “When we had recorded our first three albums, we didn’t want to go back in the studio and start another project just the two of us. It would have been less enriching than opening to others. It might sound a bit clichéd, but we wanted to try a human adventure like the ones that may have happened in the making of those records that inspired us so much…”
After 20 years together, the robots need other beings.
Twist the past, shape the present
The album is the result of months of production and post-production, recordings and re-recordings. They wrote, erased, rewrote but always with spontaneity and musicality. “The process is comparable to Le Mystère Picasso of Henri-Georges Clouzot, with the filmmaker showing the painter working on five different canvases at the same time.”
The final cut owes, without a doubt, its coherence to their way of working as a duo. They see themselves as complementary too. Thomas is staring at the screen (cinema or computer) while Guy-Manuel is aloof, keeping an ear out. They remain so, even when doing the interview: “Guy-Manuel has always been on the sofa behind me as I was ahead with the machines, talking to the musicians or the journalists.”
Some kind of perfection
During the interview, one of them analyses, the other listens. Thomas takes his time to develop his arguments, self-assured, bright light in his eyes. Guy-Manuel just throws an enigmatic sentence here and there between two long silences.
Both agree on something: the search for some kind of perfection. During the photo shoot for Obsession, Thomas Bangalter and Guy-Manuel de Homem-Christo got involved in the editing of the pictures, the brightness levels, some reflection is not sharp enough, an angle. Whether they are in the studio, in front of a keyboard or behind a camera, they have the same fondness for accuracy.
Random Access Memories, 20 years after their debut, sounds feels like a return of freshness and youth for Daft Punk, composed by teenagers with the will to realize their ideas and desires no matter how crazy. Above all, it is the best token of their unaltered capacity to cultivate and broadcast youth. Robots have no wrinkles.
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Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger
October 18, 2021
Welcome to Monday, where the UK pays homage to slain MP David Amess, Myanmar frees thousands of prisoners, and Facebook gets ready to build its "metaverse." Please fasten your seatbelts: Worldcrunch also takes stock of the long-lasting effects — good and bad — the pandemic has had on the air travel industry.
[*Azeri - Azerbaijan]
🌎 7 THINGS TO KNOW RIGHT NOW
• Myanmar to free political prisoners: Myanmar's junta chief Min Aung Hlaing has announced the release of 5,636 prisoners who had been jailed for protesting the coup that ousted the civilian government in February 2021.
• Powerful Haiti gang behind the kidnapping of U.S. missionaries: The notorious 400 Mawozo gang is believed to be behind the kidnapping in Haiti of a group of Christian missionaries, including 16 U.S. citizens and one Canadian. The brazen kidnapping on Saturday comes as crime is spiking since the killing of President Jovenel Moise in July.
• UK to pay tribute to David Amess: British lawmakers will pay homage in parliament to colleague David Amess, who was stabbed to death Friday in what was described by the police as a "terrorist incident." Officers arrested a 25-year-old suspect whose father, Harbi Ali Kullane, worked as a media adviser to a former prime minister of Somalia.
• COVID update: Russia has registered more than 34,000 cases of new infections in the past 24 hours, a new record since the start of the pandemic. Meanwhile, police in the northeast Italian city of Trieste used water cannons to clear striking dockworkers protesting Italy's new requirements that all employees be vaccinated.
• At least 26 killed in floods in India: Torrential rain has triggered floods and landslides in India's southern coastal state of Kerala, killing at least 26 people.
• Facebook to hire 10,000 in EU to develop "metaverse": The U.S. social media giant plans to hire 10,000 workers in the European Union over the next five years to build a "metaverse," a virtual reality version of the internet that the company touts as the future.
• Punishing parents for children's bad behavior: After limiting gaming hours for minors, China is now considering legislation to reprimand parents if their children exhibit "very bad behavior" or commit crimes.
🗞️ FRONT PAGE
Colombian daily El Espectador dedicates its front page to Alex Saab, "owner of the secrets" of Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro. The Colombian businessman, wanted by U.S. authorities for allegedly laundering money on behalf of Venezuela's government, has been extradited from Cape Verde to the U.S. where he is scheduled to appear in court today.
#️⃣ BY THE NUMBERS
China's economy registered its slowest pace in a year as the country faces a looming energy crisis with power shortages and increasing pressure on its property sector. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) for the period between July-September rose 4.9%, the weakest numbers since the third quarter of 2020 and significantly lower than forecasts. The world's second-largest economy faces a debt crisis linked to the China Evergrande Group debt crisis, while energy shortfalls have dropped factory output to its weakest since early 2020, when heavy COVID-19 curbs were in place.
📰 STORY OF THE DAY
7 ways the pandemic may change the airline industry for good
Will flying be greener? More comfortable? Less frequent? As the world eyes a post-COVID reality, we look at ways the airline industry has been changing through a pandemic that has devastated air travel.
⛽ Cleaner aviation fuel: With air travel responsible for roughly 12% of all CO2 emissions from transport, and stricter international regulation on the horizon, the industry is increasingly seeking sustainable alternatives to petroleum-based fuel. In Germany, state broadcaster Deutsche Welle reports that the world's first factory producing CO2-neutral kerosene recently started operations in the town of Wertle, in Lower Saxony. The plant, for which Lufthansa is set to become the pilot customer, will produce CO2-neutral kerosene through a circular production cycle incorporating sustainable and green energy sources and raw materials
.🛃 Smoother check-in: The pandemic has also accelerated the shift towards contactless traveling, with more airports harnessing the power of biometrics — such as facial recognition or fever screening — to reduce touchpoints and human contact. Similar technology can also be used to more efficiently scan physical objects, such as explosive detection. Ultimately, passengers will be able to "check-in" and go through a security screening anywhere at the airports, removing queues and bottlenecks.
✈️ The billion-dollar question: Will we fly less? At the end of the day, even with all these (mostly positive) changes that we've seen take shape over the past 18 months, the industry faces major uncertainty about whether air travel will ever return to the pre-COVID levels. Not only are people wary about being in crowded and closed airplanes, but the worth of long-distance business travel, in particular, is being questioned as many have seen that meetings can function remotely, via Zoom and other online apps.
➡️ Read more on Worldcrunch.com
"The crimes committed that night are unforgivable for the Republic."
— Emmanuel Macron became the first French president to commemorate the killing of as many as 200 Algerian independence protesters by Parisian police in 1961. For 40 years, French officials ignored the massacre, which took place a year before Algeria gained its independence from France after an eight-year war. In 2012, French President François Hollande acknowledged the killings for the first time on a visit to Algeria, and Macron took it further by attending Sunday's commemoration at the site where the events happened in the French capital. Still, many had hoped the French President would go further and take responsibility for a "state massacre," for a crime many historians consider the most violent repression of a peaceful demonstration in post-War Europe.
📈💥 IN OTHER NEWS
Low trust, high risk: The global rise of violence targeting politicians
The deadly stabbing of British Parliament Member David Amess confirms an ongoing study on trust and governance in democracies around the world: It's bad. In The Conversation, James Weinberg — the study's author and a lecturer in Political Behavior at the University of Sheffield — writes:
⏪ The assassination of Amess, who was stabbed to death in his constituency on Friday, is a tragic moment for democracy. What makes it even more devastating is that such a catastrophic failure is not without precedent or predictability. Labour MP Jo Cox was shot at her constituency surgery in 2016. Before her, another Labour MP, Stephen Timms, survived a stabbing in 2010. And Andrew Pennington, a Gloucestershire county councilor, died in a frenzied attack in 2001 while trying to protect local Liberal Democrat MP Nigel Jones.
☝️ Beyond these critical junctures in the public debate about politicians' safety, elected representatives must live with an increasingly insidious level of popular cynicism that threatens violence on an almost daily basis.
🇬🇧🇳🇿🇿🇦 Not only are these experiences of abuse or threats of physical violence felt across both sides of the political aisle in the UK — they also appear to be growing more common in other democratic contexts where the climate of politics has been presumed to be both calmer and more volatile, from New Zealand to South Africa.
Read the full piece from The Conversation, now on Worldcrunch.com
✍️ Newsletter by Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger
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