Society

On A String And A Prayer - The Otherworldliness Of Extreme High Wire Crossings

For the so-called "Skywalkers" of the world, understanding why they cross massive chasms is difficult -- it's no easier to explain how they feel suspended in the void.

A highline in Bohemian Switzerland near the village of Tisá (Stefan Junghannss)
A highline in Bohemian Switzerland near the village of Tisá (Stefan Junghannss)
Henri Seckel

MILLAU - Julien Millot has walked in the sky between the two Atomium spheres in Brussels, above the "Troll's wall," Europe's highest cliff in Norway, and, last July, in the Dourbie ravines near Millau, France for the Natural Games.

"The first time you get up on a high wire, you think you're going to die," Millot explains. "You wonder what you're doing there, and want just one thing: to get off, really. It's your survival instinct that's telling you to stop."

The 30-year-old tightrope walker must have tossed his survival instinct down into one of the chasms that he spends his life crossing. Millot walks across these massive voids on a flexible two-centimeter-wide wire like a normal person would pace the sidewalk. All he has for balance are his arms and a small piece of rope that attaches him to his strap - and to life, if he falls.

"This sport looks dangerous but it really isn't when you do it in good conditions," he says. "The strap is coupled with a climbing rope underneath, and we wear a harness attached to this with another rope and rings. All of this equipment is designed to support two tons."

The high-wire walker's equipment is similar to a climber's because both universes are intrinsically linked. Scott Balcom, an American keen on rockclimbing, stretched the first wire in 1984 in Yosemite, California. It took him a year to pluck up the courage to attempt and succeed a crossing that has since become a Mecca of sorts for these self-anointed "skywalkers."

Cold fear

But being a regular rockclimber doesn't automatically make it easier to cross a high wire, says 29-year-old Tancrède Melet, Julien Millot's inseparable companion. "It's very different from rockclimbing, where there is a direct connection with the void but also a systematic connection to the rock. A lot of climbers are scared shitless before they can stand up on a high wire."

Before you attempt to cross a high wire, it is imperative to first be able to cross a "slackline" that is at least twice as long, on the ground. For the aerial dimension of highlining makes things even more difficult: you have to learn how to start sitting down, how to get back up after falling, and how to deal with emotions that are multiplied tenfold.

"When you start skywalking, there's a first step you have to pass before you can start enjoying it," says Millot. "And that step is extremely brutal. Sometimes people cry because on the ground they felt fine, some of them even do extraordinary things but they feel crushed up in the air." The joys of skywalking are therefore reserved for a small elite: in France, there aren't more than 40 autonomous walkers who can painstakingly set up and cross a line.

Twenty-six year-old Mathieu Mouroux is one of them. Despite his four years of experience and his trust in the equipment he uses, he hasn't completely kept his fears at bay. "When you fall for the first time, when you know you're going to screw up, all of a sudden, you wonder if the small security rope is going to hold. Well, it always holds, but the pressure spike is phenomenal." Some dive into the void on purpose at the beginning of a session. "It hits you head-on, but it's reassuring. If the installation holds up, you can go on more calmly."

A real high

This is how Julien Millot describes the pleasures of a wire walk across a void. "It's a solitary pleasure. You're surrounded by emptiness and silence. You concentrate on your feelings, on your thoughts. On long lines, over 40 meters, you spend almost five minutes walking over the void, and on some portions of the strap you experience a sort of ecstasy. But it all depends on the people, because the line amplifies emotions. If you feel good, it'll be great; you can let your spirit empty and enter a trance. If you're afraid, the line will reflect that, and the fear you feel can become monstrous."

As though all of this wasn't breathtaking enough, a few extremists push it so far as to do "free solo," the mere mention of which ties the stomach in knots, because the goal is to cross the highline with no security other than your own sense of balance. "The first steps aren't the nicest," says Millot. "You trust yourself and your technique, but you can't help thinking: ‘What if something went wrong? What if my heart skips a beat, even a single one? What if I get a mosquito on my face? Am I making a huge mistake?" But you quickly get back into your state of concentration and serenity, and you know you are going to make it to the end. That being said, you don't have fun trying out new things, and you don't go at it with all you have. I've done an 85 meter highline, but I won't free solo that."

Seen from below, free solo rather spells certain death for those who fall. "It's almost a metaphysical approach," suggests Tancrède Melet. "I'm not suicidal, but getting so close to death, playing with life and death, it indicates a certain curiosity about the universal and extemporal questions of ‘What is existence?" Maybe we're looking for the answer to that question."

No daredevils

Sébastien Montaz Rosset, who has been following Julien Millot, Tancrède Melet and their gang of acrobats of the extreme, calls them Skyliners. He filmed their prowess in a breathtaking documentary called I Believe I can Fly -- a documentary impossible to watch without feeling woozy. "These people have a radical approach to risk-taking, but they aren't daredevils," says the director. "The are clairvoyant, really serious, humble, rational. They know the consequences of what they are doing. They are very smart people, who left their jobs as engineers behind them to try and make sense of their lives."

The spectacular and esthetic aspect of their art helps the Skyliners live off of their passion through sponsors (mainly clothing and outdoor gear brands) or invitations to show or initiate others around the globe. "They also call us for commercial shoots," says Tancrède Melet. "Recently, we did a clip for a Swiss insurance company, and another for a dating website. The idea was that love hangs by a thread, that you can fall, and that your soul mate is waiting on the other side…"

Some rare enthusiasts can therefore make a living off of the wire. Only one has died from it: in May 2011, Rok Sisernik, a 32-year-old Slovenian, died after a 30-meter fall. To attach his strap to the security cord, he was using a snap clasp instead of a full ring. It opened when he fell: a human error that could have been avoided.

Read more from Le Monde in French

Photo - Stefan Junghannss

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Society

What It Means When The Jews Of Germany No Longer Feel Safe

A neo-Nazi has been buried in the former grave of a Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender – not an oversight, but a deliberate provocation. This is just one more example of antisemitism on the rise in Germany, and society's inability to respond.

At a protest against antisemitism in Berlin

Eva Marie Kogel

-Essay-

BERLIN — If you want to check the state of your society, there's a simple test: as the U.S. High Commissioner for Germany, John Jay McCloy, said in 1949, the touchstone for a democracy is the well-being of Jews. This litmus test is still relevant today. And it seems Germany would not pass.


Incidents are piling up. Most recently, groups of neo-Nazis from across the country traveled to a church near Berlin for the funeral of a well-known far-right figure. He was buried in the former grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender, a gravesite chosen deliberately by the right-wing extremists.

The incident at the cemetery

They intentionally chose a Jewish grave as an act of provocation, trying to gain maximum publicity for this act of desecration. And the cemetery authorities at the graveyard in Stahnsdorf fell for it. The church issued an immediate apology, calling it a "terrible mistake" and saying they "must immediately see whether and what we can undo."

There are so many incidents that get little to no media attention.

It's unfathomable that this burial was allowed to take place at all, but now the cemetery authorities need to make a decision quickly about how to put things right. Otherwise, the grave may well become a pilgrimage site for Holocaust deniers and antisemites.

The incident has garnered attention in the international press and it will live long in the memory. Like the case of singer-songwriter Gil Ofarim, who recently claimed he was subjected to antisemitic abuse at a hotel in Leipzig. Details of the crime are still being investigated. But there are so many other incidents that get little to no media attention.

Photo of the grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender

The grave of Jewish musicologist Max Friedlaender

Jens Kalaene/dpa/ZUMA

Crimes against Jews are rising

Across all parts of society, antisemitism is on the rise. Until a few years ago, Jewish life was seen as an accepted part of German society. Since the attack on the synagogue in Halle in 2019, the picture has changed: it was a bitter reminder that right-wing terror against Jewish people has a long, unbroken history in Germany.

Stories have abounded about the coronavirus crisis being a Jewish conspiracy; meanwhile, Muslim antisemitism is becoming louder and more forceful. The anti-Israel boycott movement BDS rears its head in every debate on antisemitism, just as left-wing or post-colonial thinking are part of every discussion.

Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.

Since 2015, the number of antisemitic crimes recorded has risen by about a third, to 2,350. But victims only report around 20% of cases. Some choose not to because they've had bad experiences with the police, others because they're afraid of the perpetrators, and still others because they just want to put it behind them. Victims clearly hold out little hope of useful reaction from the state – so crimes go unreported.

And the reality of Jewish life in Germany is a dark one. Sociologists say that Jewish children are living out their "identity under siege." What impact does it have on them when they can only go to nursery under police protection? Or when they hear Holocaust jokes at school?

Germany needs to take its antisemitism seriously

This shows that the country of commemorative services and "stumbling blocks" placed in sidewalks as a memorial to victims of the Nazis has lost its moral compass. To make it point true north again, antisemitism needs to be documented from the perspective of those affected, making it visible to the non-Jewish population. And Jewish life needs to be allowed to step out of the shadows.

That is the first thing. The second is that we need to talk about specifically German forms of antisemitism. For example, the fact that in no other EU country are Jewish people so often confronted about the Israeli government's policies (according to a survey, 41% of German Jews have experienced this, while the EU average is 28%). Projecting the old antisemitism onto the state of Israel offers people a more comfortable target for their arguments.

Our society needs to have more conversations about antisemitism. The test of German democracy, as McCloy called it, starts with taking these concerns seriously and talking about them. We need to have these conversations because it affects all of us. It's about saving our democracy. Before it's too late.

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