Haitian Immigrants Struggle To Find Their Way In Brazil

While some from the poor island nation still dream of emigrating to the US, others see a new promised land in Brazil. Still they face many challenges when they arrive.

to Many Haitians arrive to Brazil by land, without a visa, hiring “coyotes” to cross the border
to Many Haitians arrive to Brazil by land, without a visa, hiring “coyotes” to cross the border
Valmar Hupsel Filho

SÃO PAULO - Elysee Augustin is a 37-year-old from Haiti with an undergraduate degree in sociology, who was studying for his Master's in anthropology in the neighboring Dominican Republic before he headed south to find his fortune in Brazil.

Jean Denis Alaime, 29, also Haitian, studied industrial engineering. Both speak English, French, Spanish, Portuguese, and Creole.

But now the two are among a growing number of undocumented Haitian immigrants who have wound up homeless on the streets of São Paulo. The group of around 100 was recently evicted from a building they were renting, without knowing that they were actually residing there illegally. The rent was 350 reais per room ($175), with some rooms hardly bigger than the size of a double bed.

Only when they received their eviction order last week did they learn that the property has been in litigation for the past 15 years and that they were occupying it illegally.

After a judicial decision was finally handed down, police were sent to evict the building’s occupants – aged 13 to 40. All of them had been looking for jobs and were getting on thanks to money sent by their families. Only three of them speak Portuguese – heavily accented. Several are illiterate.

Haitian immigrants in the Brazilian state of Acre - Photo: Agência de Notícias do Acre

The majority arrived to Brazil by land, without a visa, hiring “coyotes” to cross the border. The itinerary includes stops in Panama and Ecuador, before crossing over into northern Brazil.

In São Paulo, the Haitians paid rent to a man called “Marcos,” who was responsible for paying water and energy bills for them. He had transformed a large hall into 26 “rooms,” each of which he sublet to the Haitians. Two months ago, the man disappeared. Without electricity or hot water, the Haitians had to share two bathrooms, one of which had no faucet in the sink.

The strong odor reveals the difficulty in maintaining hygiene in such a place. While we were there, a rat ran across the room.

Choosing Brazil over the U.S.

Only four of these undocumented immigrants are women, all of them unemployed. One found a job, but was soon fired. “Not being able to speak Portuguese is the biggest problem,” says Darvil Syna, 27, who arrived in Brazil four months ago.

Despite the problems, she wants to stay and earn enough money to bring the rest of her family. “In Haiti, only those who support the government can find a job,” she says.

While the language barrier is the main challenge for these Haitian immigrants, Augustin and Alaime are the exception. Instead of using coyotes, they traveled by plane, paying $2,500 for a ticket from Haiti to Panama.

Augustin says he chose Brazil over the U.S. for ideological reasons. “Americans have harmed the Haitian people,” he says. Now he helps other Haitians immigrants by teaching them Portuguese and giving advice on how to get documents and look for a job. “In Haiti, I was a sociologist, but here the best I could get was to be become the manager of a McDonald's,” he says.

For Alaime it is the same. In Haiti, he was teaching languages, but in Brazil he could only find work as an assistant in a company. He thinks of going back to Haiti to study some more. “I have to check the market and find out what kind of professionals Brazil needs.”

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Migrant Lives

The Other Scandal At The Poland-Belarus Border: Where's The UN?

The United Nations, UNICEF, Red Cross and other international humanitarian organizations seems to be trying to reach the Polish-Belarusian border, where Belarus leader Alexander Lukashenko is creating a refugee crisis on purpose.

Migrants in Michalowo, Belarus, next to the border with Poland.

Wojciech Czuchnowski

WARSAW — There is no doubt that the refugees crossing the Belarusian border with Poland — and by extension reaching the European Union — were shepherded through by the regime of Alexander Lukashenko. There is more than enough evidence that this is an organized action of the dictator using a network of intermediaries stretching from Africa and the Middle East. But that is not all.

The Belarusian regime has made no secret that its services are guiding refugees to the Polish border, literally pushing them onto (and often, through) the wires.

It can be seen in films made available to the media by... Belarusian border guards and Lukashenko's official information agencies.

Tactics of a strongman

Refugees are not led to the border by "pretend soldiers" in uniforms from a military collectibles store. These are regular formations commanded by state authorities. Their actions violate all rules of peaceful coexistence and humanitarianism to which Belarus has committed itself as a state.

Belarus is dismissed by the "rest of the world" as a hopeless case of a bizarre (although, in the last year, increasingly brutal) dictatorship. But it still formally belongs to a whole range of organizations whose principles it violates every day on the border with Poland.

Indeed, Belarus is a part of the United Nations (it is even listed as a founding state in its declaration), it belongs to the UNICEF, to the International Committee of the Red Cross, and even to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE).

Photo of Polish soldiers setting up a barbed wire fence in the Border Zone near Krynki, Belarus

Polish soldiers set up a barbed wire fence in the Border Zone near Krynki, Belarus

Maciej Luczniewski/ZUMA

Lukashenko would never challenge the Red Cross

Each of these entities has specialized bureaus whose task is to intervene wherever conventions and human rights are violated. Each of these organizations should have sent their observers and representatives to the conflict area long ago — and without asking Belarus for permission. They should be operating on both sides of the border, as their presence would certainly make it more difficult to break the law.

An incomprehensible absence

Neither the leader of Poland's ruling party Jaroslaw Kaczyński nor even Lukashenko would dare to keep the UN, UNICEF, OSCE or the Red Cross out of their countries.

In recent weeks, the services of one UN state (Belarus) have been regularly violating the border of another UN state (Poland). In the nearby forests, children are being pushed around and people are dying. Despite all of this, none of the international organizations seems to be trying to reach the border nor taking any kind of action required by their responsibilities.

Their absence in such a critical time and place is completely incomprehensible, and their lack of action raises questions about the use of international treaties and organizations created to protect them.

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