Chinese Antique Collectors: An Art Fair's Dream Come True

Fine Art and Antique Fairs all around the world are adapting their catalogues to appeal to a new generation of Chinese art collectors. Deep pockets and an appetite for expensive antiques make them the ideal client.

Chinese collectors' new love of Chinese Antiques (TEFAF)
Chinese collectors' new love of Chinese Antiques (TEFAF)
Wang Jun

MAASTRICHT - Just like the world's other famous art and antiques fairs, the European Fine Art Fair (TEFAF) was essentially a Westerner's playground up to a few years ago. But not any more.

This year the 25th anniversary TEFAF was held in mid-March in Maastricht, South Holland. On the third day, a group of more than a hundred Chinese buyers came to the event. All day, they toured the art stands. In the evening, "China Night" --a sort of "after" party for VIPs-- was thrown for them by the fair's executive committee.

Just as the European countries are hoping that China will buy their treasury bonds, the European antique dealers are hoping that TEFAF can attract more and more Chinese buyers, their pockets full of cash.

The Art Market Report commissioned by TEFAF confirmed that "China has overtaken the United States to become the world's largest art and antiques market, ending decades of U.S. leadership position in the field."

Nonetheless, TEFAF remains essentially Western.

A classy affair: no bag ladies here!

Tens of thousands of champagne flutes and glasses of wine, as well as finger-foods and oysters are served. Most visitors are of a certain age and are very elegantly dressed. You do not see, as you would in Beijing, any hangers-on or party-crashers, whole families just showing up for the free food. Nor do you see old bag ladies desperately trying to grab the catalogues to go directly to the scrap yard and trade them for cash.

The art and antiques the exhibiting galleries are displaying also cater to Western tastes. There are ancient Greek statues and antique furniture, Rubens, Rembrandt, and Van Gogh, plus a few Impressionists, Picasso and Juan Miró.

David Pu, one of the exhibitors specializing in Sancai glazed pottery and ancient Chinese porcelain, tells me that "Five years ago, the proportion of American and European collectors to Chinese collectors was about 9 to 1. In the last two years the ratio has changed to fifty-fifty."

Most of these dealers come from families whose art or antique business has been passed on from generation to generation, so even if they have to learn the Chinese collectors' tastes to be more successful in their sales --like David Pu who has even adopted a Chinese name (his real name is David Priestley)-- they are not going to alter their whole catalog or change their line of business just to cater to the Chinese.

However, "There are an increasing number of exhibitors bringing in antiques specially for the Chinese collectors. Meanwhile, more and more Chinese buyers are paying more attention to antiques predating the Ming and Qing dynasties..." says Ben Jason, another Chinese antique dealer who is also Executive Committee Chairman of TEFAF.

A Chinese playground

The Chinese collectors group received a massive amount of media coverage. Xu Xiaoling --TEFAF's Chinese representative-- was chased by Western reporters, and so were the Chinese journalists accompanying the group. The Chinese buyers' deep pockets are the main focus point of this interest.

The hundred or so collectors, most of them members of the Chinese Collectors Club, who were invited to the fair by "Art on the Net" ( as well as by a Xian magazine, spent a total around 10 million dollars during the event, according to Xu Xiaoling, although the official figure has not been released yet.

Buyers who couldn't make it to TEFAF this year might soon be able to see a smaller version of the fair in Beijing or Shanghai, since many exhibitors have made it known that they are eager to travel to China.

Meanwhile, a number of the Chinese collectors were impressed with both the quantity and quality of artifacts presented at TEFAF. Many of them had previously had bad experiences with Chinese art fairs back home, organized somewhat "like a kid's playground."

"I trust their experts here. I have heard that more than a dozen Chinese antique dealers had applied to join the fair last year and none were admitted. The auditing mechanism here is a lot more comprehensive and rigorous than in China. They also require the dealers to have a certain number of years of experience as well as certain specialties," Mr. Li, a Hong Kong collector points out. He didn't find many Ming and Qing porcelains but "gained a deeper understanding of export porcelain as well as other time periods' he says.

Chinese collectors' favorite things

According to the dozen Chinese reporters present at the art fair, the Chinese collectors' favorite objects can usually fit into two categories: Chinese antiques and jewelry. They also bought Tang Dynasty glaze ware and terracotta, ancient bronze wares, and Song porcelain.

A 10-carat diamond was sold to a buyer from Shanghai for 3 million dollars, making it the most expensive jewelry sold at this year's fair. Antique jeweler's booths were quite popular with the Chinese collectors.

For the novice, jewelry has a relatively low price threshold and the knowledge required is relatively small. If you don't know what to buy, just go for the brands. Antique Cartier rings and necklaces are among the favorites.

But, according to some collectors, the prices at TEFAF are generally higher than at the smaller European auction markets. "For instance, you can buy a 1920's Cartier ring for a few thousand euros in a small auction whereas here they are tagged at more than 20 thousand", says Miss Lee, a Hong Kong collector.

"Nevertheless, for the mainland collectors who don't come all the way here often, the small price difference is nothing to them. The most important thing is that they find what they like", Miss Lee continues.

Another new Chinese face in this kind of art fair is the young collector.

I met Zeng Chen Yu, a bookish young man in his twenties wearing glasses, at a pre-show. He is just as quick as the older experienced visitors when he sees something he really wants. "You've got to shoot quickly. If you don't pay attention, the stuff will be bought by others."

Zeng is studying art history at college. He comes from a family of collectors. He told me he bought some ancient Greek coins and Liao Dynasty masks last year at the fair. This year, he took a fancy to an important piece of art, a Chinese bronze tripod of the Spring and Autumn Period, at an asking price of three million dollars.

Ben Jason says these second generation collectors are often very "visual" in their choices. If they bought Japanese screens last year, they will buy a Buddha statue this year, and perhaps an Impressionist painting next year.

"It's a bit like the European and American collectors who buy the Northern Wei stone carvings. They do not really understand what stone inscriptions represent, but they like the clean lines. They look beautiful, and they go very well with their home decor." Jason believes that it will take some time for these "visual buyers' to figure out what they like about certain works of art and eventually become specialized in certain kinds of art.

People such as Zeng, young, with a good command of English, and who already know what they like, are quite simply the ideal clients for TEFAF.

Read the original article in Chinese

Photo - TEFAF

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Queen Elizabeth II with UK PM Boris Johnson at a reception at Windsor Castle yesterday

Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger

👋 Hej!*

Welcome to Wednesday, where chaos hits Syria, Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro is accused of crimes against humanity and a social media giant plans to rebrand itself. For Spanish daily La Razon, reporter Paco Rodríguez takes us to the devastated town of Belchite, where visitors are reporting paranormal phenomenons.



• Syrian violence erupts: Army shelling on residential areas of the rebel-held region of northwestern Syria killed 13 people, with school children among the victims. The attack occurred shortly after a bombing killed at least 14 military personnel in Damascus. In central Syria, a blast inside an ammunition depot kills five soldiers.

• Renewed Ethiopia air raids on capital of embattled Tigray region: Ethiopian federal government forces have launched its second air strike this week on the capital of the northern Tigray. The air raids mark a sharp escalation in the near-year-old conflict between the government forces and the Tigrayan People's Liberation Front (TPLF) that killed thousands and displaced over 2 million people.

• Bolsonaro accused of crimes against humanity: A leaked draft government report concludes that Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro should be charged with crimes against humanity, forging documents and incitement to crime, following his handling of the country's COVID-19 pandemic. The report blames Bolsonaro's administration for more than half of Brazil's 600,000 coronavirus deaths.

• Kidnappers in Haiti demand $17 million to free a missionary group: A Haitian gang that kidnapped 17 members of a Christian aid group, including five children, demanded $1million ransom per person. Most of those being held are Americans; one is Canadian.

• Putin bows out of COP26 in Glasgow: Russian President Vladimir Putin will not fly to Glasgow to attend the COP26 climate summit. A setback for host Britain's hopes of getting support from major powers for a more radical plan to tackle climate change.

• Queen Elizabeth II cancels trip over health concerns: The 95-year-old British monarch has cancelled a visit to Northern Ireland after she was advised by her doctors to rest for the next few days. Buckingham Palace assured the queen, who attended public events yesterday, was "in good spirits."

• A new name for Facebook? According to a report by The Verge website, Mark Zuckerberg's social media giant is planning on changing the company's name next week, to reflect its focus on building the "metaverse," a virtual reality version of the internet.


"Oil price rise causes earthquake," titles Portuguese daily Jornal I as surging demand coupled with supply shortage have driven oil prices to seven-year highs at more than $80 per barrel.



For the first time women judges have been appointed to Egypt's State Council, one of the country's main judicial bodies. The council's chief judge, Mohammed Hossam el-Din, welcomed the 98 new judges in a celebratory event in Cairo. Since its inception in 1946, the State Council has been exclusively male and until now actively rejected female applicants.


Spanish civil war town now a paranormal attraction

Ghosts from Spain's murderous 1930s civil war are said to roam the ruins of Belchite outside Zaragoza. Tourists are intrigued and can book a special visit to the town, reports Paco Rodríguez in Madrid-based daily La Razon.

🏚️ Between August 24 and September 6, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, more than 5,000 people died in 14 days of intense fighting in Belchite in north-eastern Spain, and the town was flattened. The fighting began on the outskirts and ended in house-to-house fighting. Almost half the town's 3,100 residents died in the struggle. The war annihilated centuries of village history. The town was never rebuilt, though a Pueblo Nuevo (or new town) was built by the old one.

😱 Belchite became an open-air museum of the horror of the civil war of 1936-39, which left 300,000 dead and wounds that have yet to heal or, for some today, mustn't. For many locals, the battle of Belchite has yet to end, judging by reports of paranormal incidents. Some insist they have heard the screams of falling soldiers, while others say the Count of Belchite wanders the streets, unable to find a resting place after his corpse was exhumed.

🎟️ Ordinary visitors have encountered unusual situations. Currently, you can only visit Belchite at set times every day, with prior booking. More daring visitors can also visit at 10 p.m. on weekends. Your ticket does not include a guaranteed paranormal experience, but many visitors insist strange things have happened to them. These include sudden changes of temperature or the strange feeling of being observed from a street corner or a window. Furthermore, such phenomena increase as evening falls, as if night brought the devastated town to life.

➡️


We still cling to the past because back then we had security, which is the main thing that's missing in Libya today.

— Fethi al-Ahmar, an engineer living in the Libyan desert town Bani Walid, told AFP, as the country today marks the 10-year anniversary of the death of dictator Muammar Gaddafi. The leader who had reigned for 42 years over Libya was toppled in a revolt inspired by the Arab Spring uprisings and later killed by rebels. Some hope the presidential elections set in December can help the country turn the page on a decade of chaos and instability.


Iran to offer Master's and PhD in morality enforcement

Iran will create new "master's and doctorate" programs to train state morality agents checking on people's public conduct and attire, according to several Persian-language news sources.

Mehran Samadi, a senior official of the Headquarters to Enjoin Virtues and Proscribe Vices (Amr-e be ma'ruf va nahy az monkar) said "anyone who wants to enjoin virtues must have the knowledge," the London-based broadcaster Iran International reported, citing reports from Iran.

The morality patrols, in force since the 1979 revolution, tend to focus mostly on young people and women, particularly the public appearance for the latter. Loose headscarves will send women straight to a police station, often in humiliating conditions. Five years ago, the regime announced a new force of some 7,000 additional agents checking on women's hijabs and other standards of dress and behavior.

Last week, for example, Tehran police revealed that they had "disciplined" agents who had been filmed forcefully shoving a girl into a van. Such incidents may increase under the new, conservative president, Ibrahim Raisi.

Speaking about the new academic discipline, Samadi said morals go "much further than headscarves and modesty," and those earning graduate degrees would teach agents "what the priorities are."

Iran's Islamic regime, under the guidance of Shia jurists, continuously fine tunes notions of "proper" conduct — and calibrates its own, interventionist authority. More recently the traffic police chief said women were not allowed to ride motorbikes, and "would be stopped," Prague-based Radio Farda reported.

Days before, a cleric in the holy city of Qom in central Iran insisted that people must be vaccinated by a medic of the same sex "as often as possible," and if not, there should be no pictures of mixed-sex vaccinations.

✍️ Newsletter by Anne-Sophie Goninet, Jane Herbelin and Bertrand Hauger

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