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Sources

Brazilian Architect Icon Niemeyer Dies At 104 - Ten Photos Of His Great Works

FOLHA DE S. PAULO, O GLOBO (Brazil)

Worldcrunch

RIO DE JANEIRO - Oscar Niemeyer, a Brazilian national icon and one of the most celebrated architects of the 20th century, died on Wednesday in a Rio de Janeiro hospital. He was 104.

Niemeyer rose to international fame as the architect of the main government buildings in the futuristic planned Brazilian capital, Brasilia, inaugurated in 1960, reports O Globo.

He also worked with Swiss-born modernist architect Le Corbusier on the UN building in New York, inaugurated in 1947, and designed the headquarters of the French Communist party in Paris.



The architect also designed the Museum of Contemporary Art of Niteroi in the outskirts Rio de Janeiro, the Oscar Niemeyer in Curitiba as well as Rio de Janeiro"s Sambodromo -- a landmark of Carnival.

He was renowned for his modernist ideas and designed more than 500 buildings around the world. The star architect often said his inspiration came from the hilly landscape and the curvaceous women of his birthplace, Rio de Janeiro.

The “Poet of concrete” as he was nicknamed in his country continued to work on new projects until earlier this year, including the PelĂ© museum in Brazilian port city of Santos.

Niemeyer graduated in architecture and engineering from the National School of Fine Arts in 1934, before joining the Brazilian Communist Party, reports Folha de S. Paulo.

A memorial service will be held in the presidential palace in Brasilia on Thursday.

Here is our list of Oscar Niemeyer's Ten Greatest Works:

1- Brasilia

Source: Leonelponce

2- The U.N. Headquarters (New York)

Source: Kenlund

3- The Museum of Contemporary Art (Niteroi)

Source: Y.Fuji

4- The Oscar Niemeyer Museum (Curitiba)

Source: Marcelo Pereto

5- French Communist Party Headquarters (Paris)

Source: Francisco J. Gonzalez

6- The Sambodromo (Rio de Janeiro)

Source: Mark Scott Johnson

7- Copan Building (Sao Paulo)

Source: Pablo Trincado


8- St. Francis Church (Belo Horizonte)

Source:Chilangoco

9- Mondadori Palace (Milan)

Source: Luciomon

10- Aviles Cultural Center (Spain)


Source: Februer

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Ideas

The Colonial Spirit And "Soft Racism" Of White Savior Syndrome

Tracing back to Christian colonialism, which was supposed to somehow "civilize" and save the souls of native people, White Savior Syndrome lives on in modern times: from Mother Teresa to Princess Diana and the current First Lady of Colombia, VerĂłnica Alcocer.

photo of a child patient holding hand of an adult

Good intentions are part of the formula

Ton Koene / Vwpics/ZUMA
Sher Herrera

-Analysis-

CARTAGENA — The White Savior Syndrome is a social practice that exploits or economically, politically, symbolically takes advantage of individuals or communities they've racialized, perceiving them as in need of being saved and thus forever indebted and grateful to the white savior.

Although this racist phenomenon has gained more visibility and sparked public debate with the rise of social media, it is actually as old as European colonization itself. It's important to remember that one of Europe's main justifications for subjugating, pillaging and enslaving African and American territories was to bring "civilization and save their souls" through "missions."

Even today, many white supremacists hold onto these ideas. In other words, they believe that we still owe them something.

This white savior phenomenon is a legacy of Christian colonialism, and among its notable figures, we can highlight Saint Peter Claver, known as "the slave of the slaves," Bartolomé de Las Casas, Mother Teresa of Calcutta, Princess Diana herself, and even the First Lady of Colombia, Verónica Alcocer.

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