'A Well-Meaning, Educated Anti-Semite' - Günter Grass Slammed For Israel-Iran Poem

Op-Ed: The 84-year-old German Nobel laureate's new poem entitled "What Must Be Said" accuses Israel of plotting to destroy Iran, while acknowledging the risk of being dubbed anti-Semitic. Grass's long-hidden stint as a

Günter Grass during a book signing in 2010 (Christoph Müller-Girod)
Günter Grass during a book signing in 2010 (Christoph Müller-Girod)
Henryk M. Broder

BERLIN - Günter Grass has written a poem called "Was gesagt werden muss' (What Must Be Said) that was published Wednesday in Germany by the Süddeutsche Zeitung daily. It starts off like this:

"Why do I keep quiet, I've been holding back too long..."

From these opening lines, some readers might think that the 84-year-old German Nobel literature laureate is finally about to explain why he kept quiet for so long about his stint with the Nazi SS. But that's not the case: the moralizing poet has moved on. This time it's about an immediate concern to us all. It's about sheer survival.

"Why do I keep quiet, I've been holding back too long about what's written on the wall, what an army has even been practicing for, and will make all survivors mere footnotes when it's over."

So Grass doesn't want to keep quiet any longer, and his logorrheic explosion is about the "right to strike first" claimed by an unnamed country -- Israel. Strike what? Iran, a country that even he admits has a "loud-mouth" as its president.

"But why am I avoiding naming this country, which for years has secretly been building its potential for nuclear strikes and refusing all inspections and controls?"

Grass kept silent -- and was reluctant to name Israel -- because he didn't want to risk being branded anti-Semitic.

"This silencing of something that is a matter of fact but that silence has banalized I feel as a burdensome lie even as I feel the pressure of the punishment that lies ahead if I am misunderstood: the "anti-Semite" verdict is so routinely reached."

It's the usual verbal foreplay to breaking a taboo rationalized as the responsibility of the poet to prevent catastrophe. Grass describes it like this:

"Now however … as more German submarines are delivered to Israel, submarines that could fire nuclear missiles to annihilate a country where the existence of not a single nuclear bomb has been proven ... I am saying what must be said."

Grass always did tend towards delusions of grandeur, but this time he's not just tending – he's actually delusional. Has he been so busy composing broken verse that he is unaware of the many speeches by Iran's President Ahmadinejad that speak of the need to remove the "cancer" -- Israel -- from Palestine? Is that just "loud-mouthing," not to be taken seriously, just as the existence of a single Iranian nuclear bomb is "unproven" until it's used? But of course if that happened Grass would grieve for the victims, comfort the survivors, because, he writes, he feels "bound" to Israel.

"Why have I stayed silent until now? Because I thought the fact that I was German, and therefore stained, made it impossible for me to speak the truth about Israel that I am bound to and wish to stay bound to."

Grass speaks up because because he's "weary of Western hypocrisy," hoping that we can be freed from this imposed silence and demand that Israel refrain from aggression -- indeed insist that both countries accept unhindered and permanent inspections of Israel's "nuclear potential" and Iran's "facilities' by international monitors.

Note that while Israel has the potential to launch a nuclear attack, the Iranians only have "nuclear facilities' that, presumably, are used to meet its energy needs only. Israel evades inspection, while Iran enjoys nothing more than opening up its "nuclear facilities' to international monitors.

Grass has always had a problem with the Jews, but he's never expressed it as clearly as in this "poem." In an interview he gave "Spiegel Online" in October 2001 he outlined his solution to the Palestinian issue: "Israel must not only clear out of occupied areas -- the possession of Palestinian territory and settling on it is criminal behavior. It not only has to cease: it must be undone retroactively. Otherwise, there will be no peace."

That was nothing more, and nothing less, than a demand that Israel give up not only Nablus and Hebron but Tel Aviv and Haifa as well. Like Hamas and Hezbollah, Grass makes no distinction between "areas occupied" in 1948 and in 1967: for him, taking "possession of Palestinian territory and settling on it is criminal behavior." The Iranian president sees it that way too.

Ten years later, in the summer of 2011, Günter Grass was interviewed by Israeli journalist Tom Segev. Segev speaks fluent German, so he was able to talk with ease and without an interpreter for two and a half hours about everything under the sun including reactions to Grass's novel Peeling the Onion. Grass said the debate about his book had been "very painful" to him, and that it had even been insinuated that he had joined the Nazi SS of his own volition. "The truth is that I was recruited, like every youngster of my age."

When Segev asked why, in the novel, the Holocaust was given only marginal space, Grass answered: "The craziness and the crimes didn't only manifest in the Holocaust and didn't end with the war. Of 8 million German soldiers taken prisoner by the Russians, maybe 2 million survived. The rest were liquidated."

You don't have to have a degree in math to follow the logic of Grass's numbers game. Six million German soldiers were liquidated by the Russians. The facts – that actually 3 million German soldiers were prisoners of the Russians, of which 1.1 million did not survive – are not important for Grass, only one figure matters: 6 million. That's the figure it's always about. The Lucky German Number. Six million dead Jews on the one hand, 6 million dead German soldiers on the other, and we're even.

Grass is the prototypical educated anti-Semite, who means well. He's haunted by feelings of guilt and shame, but simultaneously driven by the desire for history to tally the past so that Israel, the "cause of discernible danger," is disarmed.

The Jews will never forgive the Germans for what they did to them. So for peace to finally come to the Middle East – and for Günter Grass to find some inner peace -- Israel should "become history" as the Iranian president put it. As he peels his onion, that's what the poet dreams of too.

Read the original article in German

Photo - Christoph Müller-Girod

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In Argentina, A Visit To World's Highest Solar Energy Park

With loans and solar panels from China, the massive solar park has been opened a year and is already powering the surrounding areas. Now the Chinese supplier is pushing for an expansion.

960,000 solar panels have been installed at the Cauchari park

Silvia Naishtat

— Driving across the border with Chile into the northwest Argentine department of Susques, you may spot what looks like a black mass in the distance. Arriving at a 4,000-meter altitude in the municipality of Cauchari, what comes into view instead is an assembly of 960,000 solar panels. It is the world's highest photovoltaic (PV) park, which is also the second biggest solar energy facility in Latin America, after Mexico's Aguascalientes plant.

Spread over 800 hectares in an arid landscape, the Cauchari park has been operating for a year, and has so far turned sunshine into 315 megawatts of electricity, enough to power the local provincial capital of Jujuy through the national grid.

It has also generated some $50 million for the province, which Governor Gerardo Morales has allocated to building 239 schools.

Abundant sunshine, low temperatures

The physicist Martín Albornoz says Cauchari, which means "link to the sun," is exposed to the best solar radiation anywhere. The area has 260 days of sunshine, with no smog and relatively low temperatures, which helps keep the panels in optimal conditions.

Its construction began with a loan of more than $331 million from China's Eximbank, which allowed the purchase of panels made in Shanghai. They arrived in Buenos Aires in 2,500 containers and were later trucked a considerable distance to the site in Cauchari . This was a titanic project that required 1,200 builders and 10-ton cranes, but will save some 780,000 tons of CO2 emissions a year.

It is now run by 60 technicians. Its panels, with a 25-year guarantee, follow the sun's path and are cleaned twice a year. The plant is expected to have a service life of 40 years. Its choice of location was based on power lines traced in the 1990s to export power to Chile, now fed by the park.

Chinese engineers working in an office at the Cauchari park


Chinese want to expand

The plant belongs to the public-sector firm Jemse (Jujuy Energía y Minería), created in 2011 by the province's then governor Eduardo Fellner. Jemse's president, Felipe Albornoz, says that once Chinese credits are repaid in 20 years, Cauchari will earn the province $600 million.

The Argentine Energy ministry must now decide on the park's proposed expansion. The Chinese would pay in $200 million, which will help install 400,000 additional panels and generate enough power for the entire province of Jujuy.

The park's CEO, Guillermo Hoerth, observes that state policies are key to turning Jujuy into a green province. "We must change the production model. The world is rapidly cutting fossil fuel emissions. This is a great opportunity," Hoerth says.

The province's energy chief, Mario Pizarro, says in turn that Susques and three other provincial districts are already self-sufficient with clean energy, and three other districts would soon follow.

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